Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) are integrations of computation, networking and physical processes.
Embedded computers and networks monitor and control the physical processes, with feedback loops where physical processes affect computations and vice versa. The economic and societal potential of such systems is vastly greater than what has been realized, and major investments are being made worldwide to develop the technology.
This technology builds on the discipline of embedded systems, computers and software embedded in devices whose principle mission is not computation, such as cars, toys, medical devices and scientific instruments. CPS integrates the dynamics of the physical processes with those of the software and networking, providing abstractions and modeling, design, and analysis techniques for the integrated whole.
But unlike more traditional embedded systems, a full-fledged CPS is typically designed as a network of interacting elements with physical input and output instead of as standalone devices. The notion is closely tied to concepts of robotics and sensor networks with intelligence mechanisms proper of computational intelligence leading the pathway.
Ongoing advances in science and engineering improve the link between computational and physical elements by means of intelligent mechanisms, increasing the adaptability, autonomy, efficiency, functionality, reliability, safety and usability of cyber physical systems.
CPS is similar to the Internet of Things (IoT), sharing the same basic architecture; nevertheless, CPS presents a higher combination and coordination between physical and computational elements.
And, like IoT devices, CPS also pose security issues. So much so that Homeland Security developed The Cyber Physical Systems Security (CPSSEC) project to address security concerns for cyber physical systems (CPS) as well as internet of things (IoT) devices.
Precursors of cyber-physical systems can be found in areas as diverse as aerospace, automotive, chemical processes, civil infrastructure, energy, healthcare, manufacturing, transportation, entertainment and consumer appliances.
Common applications of CPS typically fall under sensor-based communication-enabled autonomous systems. For example, many wireless sensor networks monitor some aspect of the environment and relay the processed information to a central node.
Other types of CPS include smart grids, autonomous automotive systems, medical monitoring, process control systems, distributed robotics and automatic pilot avionics.
Want to know more about cyber physical systems? Tonex offers Cyber Physical Systems Workshop | Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) Workshop, a 3-day course that aims to be the premier workshop on security of Cyber-Physical Systems such as medical devices, manufacturing and industrial control, SCADA, robotics, autonomous vehicles and smart cities.
Additionally, Tonex offers nearly four dozen different cybersecurity courses such as:
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