Interoperability is crucial for the success of military operations.
The aim of the Multilateral Interoperability Program (MIP) is to achieve international interoperability of Command and Control (C2) Systems at all levels from corps to battalion, or lowest appropriate level, in order to support multinational (including NATO), combined and joint operations and the advancement of digitization in the international arena.
Toward this objective, MIP produced Joint C3 Information Exchange Data Model (JC3IEDM) which is a model that when physically implemented aims to enable the interoperability of systems and projects required to share C2 information.
The JC3IEDM data model is substantial in that it contains 271 entities. The entire structure is generated from 19 independent entities, that is, entities whose identification does not depend on any other entity.
All other entities are dependent entities.
JC3IEDM is produced by the MIP-NATO Management Board (MNMB) and ratified under NATO STANAG 5525 enabling international interoperability of C2 information systems at all levels from corps to battalion (or lowest appropriate level) in order to support multinational (including NATO), combined and joint operations and the advancement of digitization in the international arena.
JC3IEDM is generally viewed as an evolution of the C2IEDM (Command and Control Information Exchange Data Model) standard that includes joint operational concepts, just as the Land Command and Control Information Exchange Data Model (LC2IEDM) was extended to become C2IEDM.
C2IEDM is a data model that is also managed by the Multilateral Interoperability Program (MIP). It originated with experts from various NATO partners and from the Partnership for Peace nations. This data model is in the process of being submitted to Object Management Group (OMG) for consideration as the standard for Information exchange.
C2IEDM falls under the shared operational picture exchange service.
In addition to being an information exchange data model, JC3IEDM can also serve as a coherent basis for other information exchange mechanisms, such as message formats, currently lacking a unified information structure.
It is the most current evolution in a long line of data model as far back as the Generic Hub GH.
JC3IEDM is intended to represent the core of the data identified for exchange across multiple functional areas and multiple views of the requirements. In this way it lays down a common approach to describing the information to be exchanged in a command and control (C2) environment.
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