It’s no secret that one of the biggest space cybersecurity threats is hacking into spacecraft and satellites.
Experts in space security contend this is especially important now with the rapid adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) across industries. Now more than ever it’s critical to validate the accuracy of any AI used within a satellite system and thoroughly test it before putting it into production.
Given the potential threats satellites face, a comprehensive cybersecurity framework is necessary to mitigate these risks. One organization, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed a Cybersecurity Framework, which was created and ratified by Congress in 2014 and used by half of U.S. organizations.
This cybersecurity framework has been adapted for the protection of satellites and space systems as well.
There are five key steps within the NIST Cybersecurity Framework (CSF) necessary to mitigate common risks, including those associated with satellite systems:
Perhaps the most important security step is protect. This involves securing physical and logical components, reviewing access controls, and conducting cybersecurity training are vital for protecting satellite systems.
It also involves a keen awareness regarding the technology that could be targeted. Legacy space operations and vehicles, for example, typically use proprietary software and hardware not designed specifically for a highly interconnected satellite, cyber, and data ecosystem.
This means legacy components may lack certain security controls. Consequently, it’s essential to develop, implement, and use verification measures to prevent the loss of assurance or functionality within the physical, logical, and ground segments of satellite systems and enable a response to and recovery from cybersecurity events.
Want to learn more? Tonex also offers Cybersecurity Principles for Satellite and Space Systems, a 2-day interactive workshop designed to provide a unique learning experience on space and satellite vulnerabilities that are commonly exploited. Participants will discover techniques and strategies for integrating cybersecurity measures into space and SATCOM systems, networks, products and critical missions from the start.
This course is a knowledge-level course designed to provide a knowledge base of Cybersecurity applied to SATCOM. Lessons and exercises taught by subject matter experts will expand the student’s understanding of the space and radio frequency environments, capabilities and limitations of military and commercial SATCOM systems, threats to all segments of SATCOM, planning processes, cybersecurity attacks and mitigation techniques.
For more information, questions, comments, contact us.