Price: $2,999.00

Length: 2 Days
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Avionics Technology Crash Course

Avionics are the electronic systems used in spacecraft, artificial satellites and aircraft.

Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of multiple systems, and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions.

One of the hottest topics in the aviation industry is how to use artificial intelligence (AI) in avionics. This has become important because as the number of commercial aircraft in our skies continues to increase dramatically, and the separation between aircraft decreases, this is placing a greater workload on aircraft pilots.

Also, in the defense sector, sixth-generation military fast jets are being developed which will be capable of operating in an autonomous mode.

These trends point toward the need for increased intelligence of automated systems, to reduce the workload of the pilot (or even replace the pilot) by analyzing information and making decisions, rather than presenting it to the pilot for them to make a decision – this requirement will drive the adoption of AI/ML in the cockpit.

AI in the aviation market is growing at around a 46% compound annual growth rate (CAGR). And while virtual assistants currently dominate the AI landscape in aviation, there’s more to the story than chatbots on a smartphone app or IFE screen.

The Internet of Things and devices like inflight sensors are giving AI systems more and more data to work with. And airlines are already using AI to analyze that data for things like predictive maintenance scheduling to optimizing fuel emissions.

Like all technology, avionics is constantly evolving. One of the more interesting developments is the creation of the electric hybrid aircraft, an aircraft with a hybrid electric powertrain, as the energy density of lithium-ion batteries is much lower than aviation fuel, it effectively increases the range compared to pure electric aircraft.

In 2018 there were something like 30 electric hybrid aircraft projects underway with a target date of 2032 for short-haul hybrid-electric airliners.

There’s also a plethora of more down to earth advancements in avionics technology. Current research and development in avionics and controls is expected to result in operational solutions to many of the problems anticipated because of air traffic growth.

Avionics Technology Crash Course by Tonex

Avionics Technology Crash Course is a 2-day crash course  covers advanced avionics technology, Network/IO systems used in these aircraft, digital databus communication, software and hardware architecture, avionics systems design and engineering principles, ARP 475,  Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) and ARINC protocols.

Digital Databus Theory and Analysis explores several formats of digital data transfer protocols such as ARINC 429,  MIL-STD-1553 databus and others.

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the attendees will:

  • Learn the basic theory of operation of common databuses used in aviation
  • List the Fundamentals of IMA Systems
  • Describe IMA System Characteristics
  • Compare and Contrast ARINC 653, DO-297 and DO-178
  • Learn the basics of Partitioned Avionic Software
  • Learn the basic Avionics Network & IO
  • Describe what Aircraft Data Network (ADN) and Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX) are
  • Learn the Basics of Avionic Data Buses and Multiplexing
  • List the key Elements of ARINC 429
  • List the key Elements of ARINC 664-P7/AFDX

Course Agenda

Overview of Avionics Technologies

  • Terminologies
  • Background
  • Applications
  • Guidance and standards
  • Line replaceable units
  • Circuit board assemblies
  • Application specific integrated circuits (ASICs)
  • Programmable logic devices (FPGA)
  • The nature of microelectronic devices
    • Processors
    • Memory devices
    • Digital data buses
    • Ethernet/AFDX
    • ARINC 429 data bus
    • ARINC 664/Part 7/AFDX/Ethernet
    • ARINC 825 CAN Bus
    • COTS data buses
  • Data bus integration of aircraft systems
    • COTS data buses – IEEE 1394 468
  • Fiber optic buses
  • Avionics packaging standards
  • Typical LRU architecture
  • Integrated modular avionics (IMA)

Fundamentals of Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) Systems

  • Overview of distributed real-time computer network aboard an aircraft
  • IMA benefits
  • IMA applications
  • Terminology
    • Robust partitioning
    • ARINC 653
    • AFDX
    • APEX API
  • IMA time partition
  • System definition
  • IMA samples
  • Planned function
  • Associated rules, principles, and guidance material failure condition category (ARP 4754)
  • Minimum performance standards environmental qualification
  • Configuration Management

IMA System Characteristics

  • Shared resources
  • Platform independent application development
  • Portable applications
  • Flexible with limited effects
  • Increased configuration management (CM) complication
    • Most CM issues must be handled at the integrated level

Federated vs IMA Architecture

  • Processes
  • Resources
  • Applications
  • Management and strategies

IMA Features

  • Layered architecture
  • Reconfiguration of applications on the modules
    • Static reconfiguration
    • Dynamic reconfiguration
  • Partitioning: protection devices to share resources
  • Flexible scheduling
  • Code reuse and portability
  • An operating system to run the applications
  • Physical integration of networks, modules and IO devices
  • Design for development

Differences between ARINC 653/DO-297/DO-178

  • ARINC 653 is a FSW level standard
  • DO-297 is tied to IMA
  • From RTCA standpoint
  • From FAA perspective
  • Relationship to DO-178
  • Concept structures
  • Relationship to APEX (API)
  • Relationship to RTOS

Partitioned Avionic Software

  • Correlation to IMA
  • Incorporating mixed criticality systems
  • Application layer development
  • System fault tolerance
  • Importance of partitioning
  • Effective SW partitioning

Examples of Aircraft Using IMA

  • Boeing 787

Network and I/O Fundamentals

  • Aircraft Data Network (ADN): Ethernet derivative for Commercial Aircraft
  • Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX): Specific implementation of ARINC 664 (ADN) for Commercial Aircraft
  • ARINC 429: Generic Medium-Speed Data Sharing for Private and Commercial Aircraft
  • ARINC 825: CAN Bus basics

Introduction to Avionic Data Buses and Multiplexing

  • What is ARINC 429?
  • The ARINC429 specification
  • ARINC 429 overview
  • The ARINC 429 specification
  • ARINC 429 usage
  • ARINC 429 definitions, encoding & formats
  • ARINC 429 data bus operation
  • ARINC 429 data encoding, word formats, message formats, and response time.

Key Elements of ARINC 429

  • Technical description
  • Medium and Signaling
  • Cable characteristics
  • Transmission characteristics
  • Waveform parameters
  • ARINC 429 software and hardware characteristics
  • ARINC 429 procedures and tools
  • ARINC 429 design and implementation
  • ARINC 429 capable systems
  • ARINC 429 testing, verification and validation
  • ARINC 429 Multiplexing

ARINC 429 General Requirements

  • ARINC 429 Design Fundamentals
  • Message and Word Formatting
  • Direction of Information Flow
  • Information Element
  • Information Identifier
  • Source/Destination Identifier
  • Sign/Status Matrix
  • Data Standards
  • Timing-Related Elements
  • Bit Rate
  • Information Rates
  • Clocking Method
  • Word
  • Synchronization
  • Timing Tolerances

ARINC 429 Protocol

  • Data Encoding and Decoding
  • Word formats
  • Parity
  • Sign/Status Matrix
  • Data and Data Types
  • Source/Destination Identifier
  • Label
  • Bit numbering, transmission order, and bit significance
  • Word format
  • Labels
  • Message formats
  • Hardware design
  • Data Bus Characteristics
  • Terminal Characteristics

ARINC 429 Data Loading – ARINC665/ARINC615

 

ARINC 429 System Design

  • Data Bus Topology
  • Data Bus Control
  • Partitioning & Redundancy
  • Bus Loading
  • Software Design
  • Controller Software
  • Protection from interference
  • ARINC 429 Phases of Testing
  • Test Plans
  • Verification and Validation Testing

Overview  ARINC 664 

  • ARINC 664-P7/AFDX.
  • Introduction to Avionic Ethernet Data Transmission
  • Key Elements of ARINC 664-P7/AFDX
  • ARINC 664 General Requirements
  • ARINC 664 Protocol
  • ARINC 664 Data Loading – ARINC665/ARINC 615A
  • ARINC 664 System Design

 

Avionics Technology Crash Course

 

 

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