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Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Bootcamp by Tonex


Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) is more important than ever as it helps in comprehending what military and other intimidations a country might need to protect against rivals.

More specifically, the primary focus of Signals Intelligence is to know about terrorizations, activities, capabilities, and intentions of a country’s rivals. Signals Intelligence functions as a key tool in comprehending what military and other intimidations a country might need to protect against rivals.

Additionally, Signals Intelligence can also turn out to be a roadmap for the most effective courses of activities to understand or implement for assuring vigilance.

SIGINT is most often used by military or intelligence agency professionals, who have to deal with messages and data of one or more parties that are gathered using any type of electronic, communications, or foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, irrespective of how the information was conveyed. This could be in the form of written messages, verbal communications, data from weapons systems or radar, etc.

Today’s high-performance SIGINT systems require massive processing power to detect, identify, and classify an enormous number of highly complex signals.

SIGINT systems typically consist of a variety of functional elements – signal processors (themselves often consisting of multiple processing elements), snapshot memory buffers, high-speed data recorders, and bulk storage – all residing in multiple physical units, connected through high-speed data pipes.

In many application data flows, the processing elements within and between the distinct units need to be interconnected using switched fabrics.

In recent years, one very important tool for SIGINT gathering has been unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) such as the Global Hawk and Reaper drones, which are fortified with potent Light and Imaging Detection (LIDAR) and infrared sensors & cameras, as well as synthetic aperture RADAR to collect and send back worthy raw intelligence from the operative environment for exploration and analysis.

While the detailed ins and outs of SIGINT are somewhat secretive (for obvious reasons), here’s a few examples of how it’s used:

  • Use of iPhone malware to overlook the communications and actions of users
  • Portable continuous wave generators used for monitoring the keyboard activities of offline computers by means of a keyboard vibration attack.
  • Placement of USB sticks into radio transmitters.
  • “LAMPSTAND” devices that can interfere with wireless networks at distances up to 8 miles.



Algorithms help SIGNET systems automates the low-level detection and classification tasks. This frees up military personnel to focus on higher level tactical decision making. This way, the system becomes another team member, with a supervising human in the loop to authorize the appropriate military response.

In addition, through SIGNET automation, a commander can gain an “EM signature picture” of his forces as they are arrayed in the battlespace. Consequently, he can glean valuable information on his own EM signature and use that information to improve or implement additional passive and active actions to increase survivability.

SIGINT software tools are used individually to help with specific segments of the intelligence production and reprogramming cycle, or they can be used collectively to assist with the entire process. This plug-and-play functionality makes this software flexible and expandable to address emerging needs

Analysts believe SIGINT will be even more important in the future as a national protection mechanism. A report by Research Dive states that growing terrorism across the globe is likely to trigger the growth of the global signal intelligence sector with CAGR of 4.0% from 2020 to 2027.

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Bootcamp by Tonex

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Bootcamp is a 3-day training course covering all aspects of  Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) including Communications Intelligence (COMINT), Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) and Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence (FISINT).

Advanced Network Characterization (ANC), Digital Land Mobile Communication (DLMC), 4G/5G, WiFi, IoT, SATCOM, Radar, UHV/VHF/H, microwave, mmWave and optical signals utilizing the latest technologies and methodologies in the SIGINT field are discussed.

SIGINT involves collecting intelligence from communications and information systems to help protect troops and military operations, national security, fight terrorism, combat international crime and narcotics, support diplomatic negotiations, support allies, and advance many other important national objectives.

Participants will learn about SIGINT and tools to collect SIGINT from various sources, including foreign communications, satellite/space, commercial communication systems, mobile networks, radar and other electronic and communication systems. The instructors will show you what to collect, and how to process, analyze, produce, and disseminate Signals Intelligence information and data for intelligence and counterintelligence purposes.

Participants will also learn about advanced techniques and algorithms for collection, network characterization, and analysis across the Radio Frequency Spectrum for the purpose of supporting Find, Fix, Finish, Exploit, Analyze and Disseminate (F3EAD).

Communication is an important part of everyday life — especially when it comes to leading a country. World leaders communicate with their people in a variety of ways. All of these forms of communication emit a signal that can be collected. The information gathered from these intercepted signals is of vital importance to national security.

Learning Objectives

Image result for signal procesing

After completing the SIGINT training bootcamp, participants will:

  • Discuss the basic and advanced SIGINT principles
  • Discuss strategies for safeguarding SIGINT approaches
  • Define the roles and responsibilities that support SIGINT environments
  • Conduct gap analysis between SIGINT baseline and best practices
  • Get familiar with RF theory, antenna principles, antenna types and characteristics
  • Tools to predict system performance via link budgets and detection theory.
  • Learn about Interferometers and adaptive digital beamforming
  • Evaluate detection concepts and principles of link budgets
  • Describe principles behind emitter geolocation techniques
  • Evaluate and implement advanced signal processing techniques
  • Analyze, assess, and optimize propagation effects and models for challenging environments
  • Integrate receiver architectures and modern digital signal processing hardware/software
  • Explain principles behind Software Defined Radio (SDR)
  • Evaluate and implement the security controls necessary to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) in SIGINT environments

Who Should Attend

SIGINT training course is designed for hardware and software engineers, analysts, scientists, project managers, military intelligence professionals, and anyone else who wants to learn about the SIGINT.

Course Structure

This 3-day interactive SIGINT Training Course is structured with a mix of lectures, class discussions, workshops and hands-on exercises led by highly knowledgeable and engaging instructors.

Course Agenda and Topics


  • What is signals intelligence (SIGINT)?
  • Principles behind Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)
  • ISR missions
  • ISR intelligence architectures
  • Component of command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) applications
  • Image intelligence (IMINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), and measurement and signatures intelligence (MASINT) collection systems
  • Collection and exploitation of signals transmitted from various communication systems, radars, and weapon systems
  • Technical definitions
  • Targeting
  • Intercept management
  • Signal detection
  • Traffic analysis
  • Electronic order of battle
  • Communications intelligence
  • Electronic signals intelligence
  • SIGINT and Electronic Warfare (EW)

Elements of SIGINT

  • Communications Intelligence (COMINT)
  • Technical and intelligence information derived from intercept of foreign communications
  • Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)
  • Information collected from systems such as radars and other weapons systems
  • Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence (FISINT)
  • Signals detected from weapons under testing and development
  • Principles behind Geolocation,
  • Parameters of receiver platforms, measurement types
  • Requirements for data links and timing sources
  • Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in SIGINT

The Fundamentals of Signal Analysis

  • Basics of Software Defined Radio (SDR)
  • The Time, Frequency and Modal Domains
  • Principles behind Time Domain
  • Principles behind Frequency Domain
  • Instrumentation
  • Dynamic Signal Analysis
  • FFT Properties
  • Sampling and Digitizing
  • Aliasing
  • Band Selectable Analysis
  • Windowing
  • Network Stimulus
  • Averaging
  • Real Time Bandwidth
  • Overlap Processing
  • Dynamic Signal Analyzers
  • Modal Domain Measurements

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Technical Principles

  • SIGINT Capability
  • Performance of a SIGINT system
  • Algorithm selection
  • Software, firmware and hardware architecture
  • Propagation analysis and effects
  • Emitter characteristics
  • Traditional and modern emitter geolocation approaches
  • Analytical tools and algorithms to predict accuracy
  • Operation in dense signal environments
  • Interferometry and automatic modulation classification
  • Adversaries’ electronic signals
  • Evaluate raw data from foreign communication systems, radars, and weapon systems
  • Data transform ion and actionable intelligence
  • SIGINT integration with different platforms and UAVs, , manned aircraft, surface vessels, and ground vehicles
  • Commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) -hardware
  • Open system architecture
  • Advanced signal location and exploitation capabilities

SIGINT Operational Planning

  • SIGINT organization
  • Command and Control (C2) and Operations
  • SIGINT roles and responsibilities
  • Planning and operations
  • Planning responsibilities
  • SIGINT organizations structure examples
  • Planning consideration
  • SIGINT communications
  • SIGINT functional planning (using DoDAF views)
  • SIGINT Systems Engineering
  • SIGINT Concept of Operations (ConOps)
  • Enemy Characteristics
  • Topography
  • Coordination of SIGINT operations
  • Planning and direction
  • Collection
  • Processing and Exploitation
  • Production, Dissemination and Utilization

Principles of Collection

  • SIGINT collected
  • Type of signal targeted Raw SIGINT
  • Signals Analysis
  • Analyzing electronic signals and communications
  • Analyzed SIGINT
  • Role of HUMINT
  • Translators, cryptologists, analysts, and other technical experts
  • Process to turn the raw data into intelligence
  • Tools to produce finished intelligence
  • The volume and variety of today’s signals
  • Challenges to the timely production of finished intelligence
  • Track and analyze all the SIGINT collected

Principles of Electronic Intelligence

  • Basic math concepts
  • Waveforms
  • Principles of modulation and coding
  • Radar Principles
  • Interpulse modulation
  • Intrapulse modulation
  • Radiation patterns and scan
  • Radar types and functions
  • Collection anomalies
  • Analysis of Radar signals
  • Electronic attack
  • Digitization and interpretive analysis
  • Electronic intelligence (ELINT) analysis techniques
  • ELINT applications, strengths and limitations

Advanced Electronic Intelligence

  • SIGINT technologies
  • The analysis of Radar signals
  • Signal-to-Noise-Ratio  (SNR) and Eb/No considerations for analog and digital Systems
  • Signal power
  • Polarization (Linear, Circular and Elliptical)
  • Beam analysis
  • Antenna Scan analysis
  • Intrapulse analysis
  • Radio Frequency (RF) analysis
  • Determining ELINT parameter limits
  • Technical ELINT (TechELINT)
  • Signal structure, emission characteristics, modes of operation, emitter functions
  • Weapons systems associations of such emitters as radars, beacons, jammers, and navigational signals
  • Tools to obtain signal parameters
  • Design of radar detection, countermeasure or counterweapons equipment
  • Operation of the countermeasures
  • Operational ELINT (OpELINT)
  • Locating specific ELINT targets
  • Determining the operational patterns of the systems
  • Electronic Order of Battle (EOB)
  • Threat assessments
  • Tactical ELINT
  • Collection, processing, and reporting of foreign telemetry signals intelligence
  • Intelligence information derived from the intercept, processing, and analysis of foreign telemetry
  • Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence

Workshops and Case Studies

  • An approach to UAV-based ELINT
  • Principles of sensor and data fusion in SIGINT
  • Optical imaging satellite data and Electronic Intelligence Satellite data
  • Detection area analysis in ELINT systems
  • A simple ELINT receiver architecture
  • Overview of a conventional warfare ELINT system supporting an unconventional COMINT fight
  • Cyber/SIGINT collection, processing techniques and enablers
  • Cyber/SIGINT systems engineering, analysis, development, integration, test and evaluation of technologies/techniques
  • Real-time processing technology to improve the extraction, identification, analysis and reporting of tactical information a applied to Cyber and SIGINT
  • ISR information extraction for SIGINT issues
  • Algorithms for identification, collection, processing, and exploitation of electronic communication signals in a moderate to dense co-channel environment with potentially significant Doppler effects
  • Working with GNU Radio to explore Software Defined Radio (SDR)


Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Bootcamp

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