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Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training by Tonex

Today, radar systems appear in many different applications.

Radar systems are found in everything from air and terrestrial traffic control to self-driving cars, space surveillance and air-defense systems. Many types of radar are also associated with digital signal processing, machine learning and are capable of extracting useful information from very high noise levels.

Radar system range is dependent on the average power of its transmitter and the physical size of its antenna, what is known as the power-aperture product. There are practical limits to each. Some radar systems have an average power of roughly one megawatt, however, phased-array radars can be over 100 feet in diameter or more.

Additionally, there are specialized radars with (fixed) antennas, such as some HF over-the-horizon radars and the U.S. Space Surveillance System (SPASUR), that extend more than one mile.

Engineers view radar systems as “active” sensing devices that have their own source of illumination in the form of a transmitter for locating targets.

Radar systems generally operate in the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum—measured in hertz (cycles per second), at frequencies extending from about 400 megahertz (MHz) to 40 gigahertz (GHz).

Curiously, radar systems have also been used at lower frequencies for long-range applications. This includes frequencies as low as several megahertz and at optical and infrared frequencies such as those of laser radar (lidar).

The circuit components and other hardware of radar systems vary with the frequency used, and systems range in size from those small enough to fit in the palm of the hand to those so enormous that they would fill several football fields.

The fastest growing market for radar applications is the automotive radar. It is foreseeable that within a few years there will be millions of radars on the roads, with many cars equipped with up to five different radar systems.

Consequently, there will be a selective inoperability in these radar systems due to strong inter-system interferences. Interference within the same frequency band can be avoided if the radar signals are properly coded and are continuously changing for low cross-correlation, like in communications.

As radar-system designs become more intricate, the ability to properly model a multi-domain simulation framework is more crucial than ever in terms of influencing decision-making and detecting issues early on in a project.

Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training, Crash Course by Tonex

The Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training covers the design and engineering of modern Radar systems including analysis, high level architecture, design of critical components, transmitter/receiver, antenna, verification and validation, operations and maintenance. Learn advanced operating principles of a primary radar set and engineering and development, testing, and support.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of the Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training course, participants will be able to:

  • List terminology, principle, concepts, subsystems and components related to the systems engineering and design
  • Describe Radar system design, engineering and operation process and principles
  • Describe theory of operation of modern radars
  • Discuss principles, procedures, engineering techniques and evolution of  radar technology
  • Create Radar Concept of Operation (ConOps), functional architecture, system requirement, system design, architecture, operation and maintenance, and troubleshooting
  • Sketch a high-level architecture of a simple Radar system covering  components and subsystems including transmitters, receivers, antennas, clutter and noise, detection, signal processing modules
  • Determine basic acceptable Radar system performance based on radar environment
  • Provide detection, identification, and classification of objects/targets using different radar systems
  • Understanding environmental and terrain effects on radar operations Radar countermeasures target probability of detection and probability of false alarm.
  • Discuss applications and technologies behind  microwave and millimeter-wave Radar systems
  • Discuss  principles of ESA and AESA radars and waveforms and waveform processing
  • Compare and contrast airborne and surface radars
  • Discuss the evolution of Radar technologies

Who Should Attend

  • Engineers
  • Technical managers
  • Technicians
  • Logistics and support
  • Pilots
  • Procurement

Course Topics

Introduction to Radar Systems

  • Historical overview of Radar systems
  • Key Radar functions, requirements, theory of operation and challenges
  • Radar and electromagnetic waves
  • Introduction to radar and radar operating environment
  • Operating principle of a primary radar set
  • Overview of radar subsystems.
  • Analysis and Calculation of radar performance.
  • Radar operation in different modes & environments.
  • Radar Bands, Frequencies and Wavelength

Radar System Design, Engineering and Development 

  • Radar systems and applications
  • Radar system parameters
  • Radar system architecture elements
  • Scattering mechanisms
  • Radar range equation
  • Basic signal processing
  • Physical basics of Radar
  • Antennas basics
  • Principle of measurement in Radars
  • Radar cross section and stealth
  • Radar timing performance
  • Radar frequency bands
  • Radar coverage
  • Radar and Electronic Warfare

Key Radar Systems Design and Engineering Principles

  • Principles of E & M and DSP
  • Radar Equation
  • Propagation, Detection of Signals in Noise
  • Radar Cross Section
  • Principles of Antennas
  • Radar Clutter
  • Waveforms and Pulse Compression
  • Clutter Rejection
  • Clutter Rejection
  • Pulse Doppler, Airborne Radar
  • Parameter Estimation
  • Tracking
  • Transmitters/Receivers
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
  • Electronic Counter Measures (ECM)
  • Principles of radar measurements
  • Noise in Receiving Systems
  • Detection Principles
  • CW Radar
  • Doppler effect
  • Spectral modulation
  • CW ranging; and measurement accuracy
  • Radar Clutter and Detection in Clutter
  • Clutter Processing
  • Waveform, and Waveform Processing
  • Clutter Filtering Principles
  • Radar Waveforms
  • ESA and AESA
  • Active Phased Array Radar Systems
  • Multiple Simultaneous Beams
  • Surface vs. Airborne Radars
  • Multiple Target Tracking

Radar System Design Classification and Evolution

  • Classification of Radar Systems
  • Imaging Radar
  • Non-Imaging Radar
  • Primary Radar
  • Pulse Radar
  • Pulse Radar using Pulse Compression
  • Monostatic and Bistatic Radars
  • Secondary Radar
  • Primary Radar vs. Secondary Radar
  • Continuous Wave (CW) Radar
  • Block Diagram of an CW-Radar
  • Frequency Modulated CW radar
  • Pulse-Doppler Radar
  • Phased Array Radar Systems
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar Signal Processing
  • Threat Radar Systems
  • Air-defense Radars
  • Shipboard Radars
  • Space-Based Radar
  • Examples of Battlefield Radars
  • Weapon Control Radar
  • Multi- Target Tracking Radar
  • Mortar Locating Radar
  • Air Traffic Control (ATC) Radars
  • Air Surveillance Radar (ASR)
  • Precision Approach Radar (PAR)
  • Surface Movement Radar (SMR)
  • Advanced Radar Signals Collection and Analysis (ARSCA)
  • Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR)
  • Airborne AESA Radar

Radar System Engineering and Design Process

  • Radar ConOps
  • Radar system analysis and design
  • Radar requirement engineering
  • Radar subsystems
  • Radar verification and validation
  • Radar installation
  • Operation and maintenance of Radars
  • Radar performance
  • Radar optimization
  • Antenna Characteristics of Radar
  • Advanced Radar Signals Collection and Analysis (ARSCA)
  • Radar antenna performance

Testing, Evaluation and Operation of Radar Systems

  • Antennas, receivers, transmitters.
  • Radar testing requirements
  • Verification and validation of Radar systems
  • Roles and organizations
  • Testing procedures
  • Evaluation procedures
  • Acceptance procedures
  • Calibration overview
  • Radar system test platforms and tools


Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training

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