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Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training

Originally a military tool, radar has grown to everyday use.

Military uses were once the only applications for radar technology, but times have changed. Radar technology is now finding uses in many commercial, industrial, medical, weather, and especially automotive systems.

While radar technology has long been used for tracking and mapping weather patterns, and weather-based applications represent a strong market area for the technology, perhaps the most promising opportunities for non-military radar technology lie in traffic and the consumer automobiles that make up that traffic.

These new and growing application areas are keeping radar designers—from integrated-circuit (IC) to system-level engineers—busy in search of high-performance, cost-effective solutions from RF through millimeter-wave frequencies.

Radar is electromagnetic sensing used for detecting, locating, tracking, and recognizing objects of various kinds at considerable distances.

Radar in its basic form has four main components:

  • A transmitter, which creates the energy pulse.
  • A transmit/receive switch that tells the antenna when to transmit and when to receive the pulses.
  • An antenna to send these pulses out into the atmosphere and receive the reflected pulse back.
  • A receiver, which detects, amplifies and transforms the received signals into video format.

The received signals are displayed on a display system.

It operates by transmitting electromagnetic energy toward objects, commonly referred to as targets, and observing the echoes returned from them.

The targets may be aircraft, ships, spacecraft, automotive vehicles, and astronomical bodies – even birds, insects, and rain. Besides determining the presence, location, and velocity of such objects, radar can sometimes obtain their size and shape as well.

What distinguishes radar from optical and infrared sensing devices is its ability to detect faraway objects under adverse weather conditions and to determine their range, or distance, with precision.

Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training, Crash Course by Tonex

The Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training covers the design and engineering of modern Radar systems including analysis, high level architecture, design of critical components, transmitter/receiver, antenna, verification and validation, operations and maintenance. Learn advanced operating principles of a primary radar set and engineering and development, testing, and support.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of the Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training course, participants will be able to:

  • List terminology, principle, concepts, subsystems and components related to the systems engineering and design
  • Describe Radar system design, engineering and operation process and principles
  • Describe theory of operation of modern radars
  • Discuss principles, procedures, engineering techniques and evolution of  radar technology
  • Create Radar Concept of Operation (ConOps), functional architecture, system requirement, system design, architecture, operation and maintenance, and troubleshooting
  • Sketch a high-level architecture of a simple Radar system covering  components and subsystems including transmitters, receivers, antennas, clutter and noise, detection, signal processing modules
  • Determine basic acceptable Radar system performance based on radar environment
  • Provide detection, identification, and classification of objects/targets using different radar systems
  • Understanding environmental and terrain effects on radar operations Radar countermeasures target probability of detection and probability of false alarm.
  • Discuss applications and technologies behind  microwave and millimeter-wave Radar systems
  • Discuss  principles of ESA and AESA radars and waveforms and waveform processing
  • Compare and contrast airborne and surface radars
  • Discuss the evolution of Radar technologies

Who Should Attend

  • Engineers
  • Technical managers
  • Technicians
  • Logistics and support
  • Pilots
  • Procurement

Course Topics

Introduction to Radar Systems

  • Historical overview of Radar systems
  • Key Radar functions, requirements, theory of operation and challenges
  • Radar and electromagnetic waves
  • Introduction to radar and radar operating environment
  • Operating principle of a primary radar set
  • Overview of radar subsystems.
  • Analysis and Calculation of radar performance.
  • Radar operation in different modes & environments.
  • Radar Bands, Frequencies and Wavelength

Radar System Design, Engineering and Development 

  • Radar systems and applications
  • Radar system parameters
  • Radar system architecture elements
  • Scattering mechanisms
  • Radar range equation
  • Basic signal processing
  • Physical basics of Radar
  • Antennas basics
  • Principle of measurement in Radars
  • Radar cross section and stealth
  • Radar timing performance
  • Radar frequency bands
  • Radar coverage
  • Radar and Electronic Warfare

Key Radar Systems Design and Engineering Principles

  • Principles of E & M and DSP
  • Radar Equation
  • Propagation, Detection of Signals in Noise
  • Radar Cross Section
  • Principles of Antennas
  • Radar Clutter
  • Waveforms and Pulse Compression
  • Clutter Rejection
  • Clutter Rejection
  • Pulse Doppler, Airborne Radar
  • Parameter Estimation
  • Tracking
  • Transmitters/Receivers
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
  • Electronic Counter Measures (ECM)
  • Principles of radar measurements
  • Noise in Receiving Systems
  • Detection Principles
  • CW Radar
  • Doppler effect
  • Spectral modulation
  • CW ranging; and measurement accuracy
  • Radar Clutter and Detection in Clutter
  • Clutter Processing
  • Waveform, and Waveform Processing
  • Clutter Filtering Principles
  • Radar Waveforms
  • ESA and AESA
  • Active Phased Array Radar Systems
  • Multiple Simultaneous Beams
  • Surface vs. Airborne Radars
  • Multiple Target Tracking

Radar System Design Classification and Evolution

  • Classification of Radar Systems
  • Imaging Radar
  • Non-Imaging Radar
  • Primary Radar
  • Pulse Radar
  • Pulse Radar using Pulse Compression
  • Monostatic and Bistatic Radars
  • Secondary Radar
  • Primary Radar vs. Secondary Radar
  • Continuous Wave (CW) Radar
  • Block Diagram of an CW-Radar
  • Frequency Modulated CW radar
  • Pulse-Doppler Radar
  • Phased Array Radar Systems
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar Signal Processing
  • Threat Radar Systems
  • Air-defense Radars
  • Shipboard Radars
  • Space-Based Radar
  • Examples of Battlefield Radars
  • Weapon Control Radar
  • Multi- Target Tracking Radar
  • Mortar Locating Radar
  • Air Traffic Control (ATC) Radars
  • Air Surveillance Radar (ASR)
  • Precision Approach Radar (PAR)
  • Surface Movement Radar (SMR)
  • Advanced Radar Signals Collection and Analysis (ARSCA)
  • Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR)
  • Airborne AESA Radar

Radar System Engineering and Design Process

  • Radar ConOps
  • Radar system analysis and design
  • Radar requirement engineering
  • Radar subsystems
  • Radar verification and validation
  • Radar installation
  • Operation and maintenance of Radars
  • Radar performance
  • Radar optimization
  • Antenna Characteristics of Radar
  • Advanced Radar Signals Collection and Analysis (ARSCA)
  • Radar antenna performance

Testing, Evaluation and Operation of Radar Systems

  • Antennas, receivers, transmitters.
  • Radar testing requirements
  • Verification and validation of Radar systems
  • Roles and organizations
  • Testing procedures
  • Evaluation procedures
  • Acceptance procedures
  • Calibration overview
  • Radar system test platforms and tools


Radar Systems Design and Engineering Training

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