Course NameLength
Advanced Aircraft Accident Investigation Workshop2 days
Aircraft and Ship Hazard Analysis Workshop2 days
Aviation Safety Risk Management Workshop Bootcamp3 days
Basic Hazardous Materials HAZMAT Training2 days
Basics of Aircraft Accident Investigation2 days
Commercial Space Compliance Training2 days
Commercial Space Compliance, Enforcement & Mishap2 days
Commercial Space Computing System Safety2 days
Commercial Space Cybersecurity Workshop2 days
Commercial Space Environmental Workshop2 days
Commercial Space Launch Site Safety Assessments2 days
Commercial Space Legislation & Policies2 days
Commercial Space Lessons Learned Training2 days
Commercial Space Licenses, Permits and Approvals2 days
Commercial Space Operations Training2 days
Commercial Space Safety Compliance Workshop2 days
Commercial Space Safety Workshop2 days
Commercial Space Systems Engineering Training2 days
Commercial Space Transportation Safety Workshop2 days
Commercial Space Transportation Systems Engineering Training2 days
Commercial Space Workshop2 days
Communications Discipline 101 Training2 days
Cybersecurity in Aviation Workshop2 days
Environmental Assessments (EAs) Workshop2 days
Experimental Aircraft Accident Investigation Workshop2 days
FAA System Safety Workshop2 days
Flight Safety Analysis Course2 days
Flight Safety Systems Engineering Workshop2 days
Flight Termination System Basics for Inspectors: FTS 1012 days
Handling Batteries Safety Workshop2 days
Introduction to Space Law2 days
Mishap Analysis Workshop: Case Studies2 days
Mission Readiness Reviews Workshop2 days
Neighboring Operations Personnel (NOP) Risk Waiver Training2 days
Overview of Aerospace Design and Testing Requirements2 days
Overview of Airport Ground Operations for Safety Inspectors2 days
Overview of Commercial Space Launch Act and Amendments2 days
Overview of Commuter and on Demand Operations (FAA Part 135)2 days
Overview of Domestic, Flag, and Supplemental Operations (FAA Part 121)2 days
Overview of Effects of Shock, Vibration, and Thermal2 days
Overview of Environmental Testing2 days
Overview of Explosives Safety2 days
Overview of FAA General Operations (FAA Part 91)2 days
Overview of FAA Notification Procedures2 days
Overview of FAA Part 101 Regulations2 days
Overview of FAA Part 440 Financial Responsibility Regulatory Training2 days
Overview of FAA Part 450 regulatory Training2 days
Overview of FAA Part 460 Human Spaceflight Requirements Training2 days
Overview of FAA Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules2 days
Overview of FAA Parts 414, 415, 417, 420, 431, 435, 437 Regulations2 days
Overview of Foreign Air Carrier Operations in the United States (FAA Part 129)2 days
Overview of Hazardous Materials For Personnel - Space Launch Vehicles & Complexes2 days
Overview of Launch License Terms and Conditions2 days
Overview of National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Training2 days
Overview of Policy Briefing2 days
Overview of Repair Station Operators (FAA Part 145)2 days
Overview of Rotorcraft External Load Operators (FAA Part 133)2 days
Overview of Safety Management Systems2 days
Overview of Safety of the Safety Inspector2 days
Overview of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) or Drones2 days
Qualification, Installation and Testing of Flight Safety System2 days
Range Safety and Site Safety Overview Training2 days
Regulations Overview Training2 days
Rocket Operations Concepts 1012 days
Root Cause Analysis 1012 days
Safety Critical Operator Training2 days
Safety Inspection Report Writing Workshop2 days
Safety Inspector Credential Training2 days
Space Computing System Safety2 days
System Safety Analysis course2 days
Writing Plain, Technical and Clearer Workshop2 days


Overview of FAA General Operations (FAA Part 91)

The aviation sector is experiencing a significant transformative shift.

Driven by technological advancements that are propelling it into a new era of efficiency, safety, and sustainability, every aspect of the aviation industry is being reshaped by technology.

One of the most significant technological advances in aviation is the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly aircraft.

Modern materials such as carbon fiber composites are replacing traditional aluminum, resulting in lighter and more fuel-efficient planes. These materials, coupled with advancements in aerodynamics and engine design, have led to significant reductions in fuel consumption and emissions.

The Boeing 787 Dreamliner and the Airbus A350 are prime examples of how new technologies are making air travel more sustainable.

Along those same lines, automation and artificial intelligence (AI) are revolutionizing flight operations and maintenance. Advanced avionics systems, automated pilot assistance, and predictive maintenance are enhancing flight safety and operational efficiency.

AI algorithms can predict potential equipment failures before they happen, allowing for proactive maintenance and reducing downtime. This not only ensures higher safety standards but also optimizes operational costs.

Technological advancements are also transforming the passenger experience. In-flight entertainment systems have evolved to offer high-speed internet, live TV, and a plethora of on-demand content. Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are being introduced to provide immersive experiences and enhanced navigation within airports.

Additionally, biometric technology is streamlining the boarding process, reducing wait times, and enhancing security through facial recognition and fingerprint scanning.

The push toward sustainability has led to the development of sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs). These fuels, derived from renewable resources, significantly reduce the carbon footprint of air travel. Major airlines and aircraft manufacturers are investing heavily in SAF research and development, aiming to make air travel more eco-friendly.

The use of SAFs, combined with electric and hybrid-electric propulsion systems, holds the promise of a greener future for aviation.

The air transport industry is expanding and the future of aviation is a bright one with predicted net profits of $25.7 billion in 2024.

In a little over a century, the aviation industry has gone from learning to fly, to learning to fly faster, learning to fly further, learning to fly heavier planes, and now to having 100,000 plus commercial flights occurring around the world each and every day – representing over 400 departures per hour.

Aviation has truly been at the forefront of innovation to become one of the safest and most reliable modes of transportation in the world today.

But the aviation industry is much larger than passenger air transport. The aviation sector covers a lot of territory, from commercial passenger/cargo/space operations to safety and cybersecurity concerns as well as FAA and international compliances.


Much of the activity and compliance in the aviation sector originates with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Since 1958, the FAA has served the U.S. as the principal steward of safety in the National Airspace System (NAS) and as a leader in promoting aviation safety abroad.

The FAA’s continuing public service mission is to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world. For example, just recently the FAA introduced new rules to combat air traffic controller fatigue by requiring air traffic controllers to have a minimum of 10 hour off between shifts (12 hours for midnight shifts).

Much of the FAA’s air traffic safety upgrades incorporate advanced technologies like collision avoidance systems, improved weather forecasting tools, and runway safety enhancements.

Another new safety project launched by the FAA at air traffic control towers across the nation is a surface safety tool called Approach Runway Verification (ARV). The technology of ARV provides controllers with visual and audible alerts if an approaching aircraft is lined up to land on the wrong airport surface, or even the wrong airport.

The FAA is also about to implement the Surface Awareness Initiative (SAI) system. These new airfield surveillance systems are expected to reduce the risk of runway incursions by improving air traffic controllers’ situational awareness.

FAA-guided training also plays a vital role in enhancing aviation safety by equipping professionals with the necessary skills and knowledge to respond effectively to operational challenges.

Additionally, regular safety audits, both internal and external, assess compliance with safety regulations and identify areas for improvement.

The FAA also oversees the burgeoning commercial space industry. Space tourism, in simple terms, is travel beyond Earth’s atmosphere for recreational purposes. It signifies the next evolution of travel, offering private citizens the unique opportunity to view Earth from an entirely new perspective and experience the thrill of weightlessness and space exploration.

This nascent industry is facilitating not only transportation to space but also space accommodation in orbital hotels; a symbol of technological advancements and scientific discovery.

The commercial space industry is rapidly growing as private companies transport cargo, satellites and people to space. The FAA is working with industry as it prepares to potentially expand its oversight of operations with people on board.

The FAA requires commercial launch operators to obtain a license before conducting any operation within U.S. borders—whether they carry humans or payloads, such as satellites.

Recent estimates suggest an extraordinary economic potential for the commercial space travel industry, with significant growth expected over the next decade. A report by UBS indicates that the market for space tourism could reach

$4 billion annually by 2030.

More Commercial Spaceflight

As NASA sets its sights on the next lunar landing and long-duration space flights, commercial companies are rising to meet the growing opportunities in outer space. In fact, The commercial space industry, led by Elon Musk’s SpaceX, is expected to blast off with 41% growth over the next five years.

The commercial space industry is expected to take off as commercial companies invest in low-Earth orbit (LEO) satellites, outer space data analysis, manufacturing and energy production.

NASA has partnered with multiple commercial space companies to advance the space industry – two of which include SpaceX and Blue Origin – to build landing pads for the moon’s surface as part of its Artemis program, which aims to establish a long-term presence on the moon.

Expanding launch sites is one key indicator of the incredible growth to be realized in the commercial space industry.

A spaceport or cosmodrome is a site for launching or receiving spacecraft. While the majority of NASA launches take place at Florida’s Cape Canaveral Space Force Station or Kennedy Space Center, commercial space venture spaceports are more spread out.

For example, SpaceX operates four launch facilities: Cape Canaveral Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40), Vandenberg Space Force Base Space Launch Complex 4E (SLC-4E), Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A), and Brownsville South Texas Launch Site (Starbase).

Aviation and Cybersecurity

It’s no secret that the aviation sector has been focusing on effective cybersecurity.

The reason is this: Technology and digitization bring many advantages to aviation, but at the same time, create challenges in managing cyber vulnerabilities in this complex environment.

The reality is that the airline industry is an attractive target for cyber threat actors with a multitude of motivations, ranging from stealing value in data or money to causing disruptions and harm.

One of the recommendations from cybersecurity professionals is to immediately leverage advanced cybersecurity technologies to stay ahead of cybersecurity threats. This includes utilizing machine learning algorithms to monitor and analyze network traffic for unusual patterns that could indicate a cyber-attack.

Case studies, such as the use of AI in detecting anomalies in real-time flight data transmissions, can provide practical insights.

AI also has a future in air traffic management.

Predictive analytics powered by AI enables controllers to foresee traffic patterns and potential congestion, allowing proactive route optimization to reduce delays and save fuel. Moreover, AI-driven collision avoidance systems, like the TCAS, constantly monitor aircraft positions, issuing alerts to prevent midair collisions in crowded airspace.

Weather forecasting is also improved through AI, offering more accurate and timely information for route planning and avoiding severe weather conditions. AI optimizes flight routes in real time, considering factors like wind patterns and traffic volume, leading to fuel savings, reduced emissions, and lower airline operational costs.

Technology and Aviation

AI and machine learning are not the only technological catalysts impacting the aviation industry.

While the flying public may be currently wary of self-flying planes, experts in this field predict autonomous aircraft are on the way.

The U.S. military has been flying autonomous planes for decades, of course, but always in a segregated airspace. Now it’s becoming increasingly clear that self-flying planes are coming to commercial aviation.

The introduction of autonomous aircraft into the civil aviation mix will begin with small cargo planes, led by companies like Xwing, a Northern California-based startup. Until the technology is certified by the FAA, however, there will need to be a safety pilot on board.

In the near term, the greatest challenge regarding self-flying planes may be to get the public to accept them.

Space Law

Space law is another rising industry that will need significant investment in the coming years. Space isn’t governed by any overarching laws, and the U.S. isn’t the only country interested in developing a space industry.

As part of the Artemis program, 27 countries have signed the Artemis Accords to provide guiding principles for cooperating in space.

Principles that need clarification include transparency, sharing data, not interfering with each other and ensuring space is available to all.

Aviation Courses by Tonex

Tonex offers four dozen courses in Aviation-related courses that cover a myriad topics, such as:

  • Accident investigation
  • Flight safety systems
  • Space law
  • Communications
  • Rocket operations
  • Environmental testing
  • Commuter and on demand operations

Some of our popular Aviation courses include:

Overview of Airport Ground Operations for Safety Inspectors

Advanced Aircraft Accident Investigation Workshop

FAA System Safety Workshop 

Introduction to Space Law

System Safety Analysis 

For more information, questions, comments, contact us.

Overview of Foreign Air Carrier Operations in the United States (FAA Part 129)