Power and Energy Program by TONEX
Power and energy courses provide a broad range of skills and knowledge applicable to power generation, transmission, distribution, smart grids, microgrids, renewable energy sources and other related grid technologies. Our program includes variety of different courses each covers a different aspect in power system engineering. A brief introduction to each course is included in the following:
- Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Engineering Training:
Electric power transmission and distribution engineering training is designed for engineers and professionals with detailed understanding of systems engineering and its application to planning, designing, implantation and optimization of power systems.
You will learn about step by step systems engineering procedure applied to power and energy projects and incorporation of the combined structure into organization’s business processes and planning.
By taking electric power transmission and distribution engineering training, you will understand systems engineering planning, management, functional definitions, system design/validation & verification applied to power and energy systems. Moreover, you will obtain a practical experience to the engineering of system requirements and the conceptual design of complex power and energy systems.
- Electricity Distribution Network Design:
Electricity distribution network design training helps you with general aspects of transmission and modern distribution system planning. If you need to learn about design and planning of modern distribution systems with computer planning and reliability, this course is the best choice.
Learn about distribution system design and planning process including requirements, project management, technical skills, design procedures, economic dispatch considerations and service agreement.
Learn about power systems, principles of power system planning, distribution system design, network planning, main concepts in power circuit analysis, single-phase, three-phase and different connections available for three phase systems, concepts of loss, low voltage, power system economics, and finally optimization network planning.
- Fundamentals of Synchronous Machines
Fundamentals of synchronous machines training provides you detailed information about synchronous machine modeling and operation in power systems. If you are a professional and need to improve your knowledge of synchronous machine operation, our training is the best choice.
Learn about magnetic field generation out of DC current in rotors, voltage induction into stator windings, detailed synchronous machine models, concept of synchronous speed, transformation from abc frame to dqo and voltage/current phasor relationship in synchronous machines.
Learn about the difference between salient and round rotor synchronous machine, short circuit and open circuit test to find the synchronous generator parameters, difference between synchronous generator and synchronous motor operation modes, concept of power factor and rotor angle or voltage regulation in synchronous machines.
- Introduction to Power System Operation
Introduction to power system operation helps you to understand the power system generation process in power systems starting from power generation in power plants and power transmission through transmission lines and distribution networks.
Detailed generator models are included in the design and different control approaches for generators such as power system stabilizers, or frequency droop controllers named primary/secondary frequency control are also covered.
You will also learn about the power flow formulation in power systems, how to implement a power flow algorithm in real-world applications and what the purposes of power flow analysis are in power systems. Moreover, economic dispatch in power systems is included to introduce you with the concept of loss and benefit in power system operation. You will be able to formulate an economic dispatch problem to minimize the total loss in power systems.
- Microgrid Certification Training
Microgrid certification training is designed to cover all the topics related to recently grown microgrid systems. This certificate is divided into three main categories: 1- In the first category, you will be introduced to the concept of microgrids. You will learn about the main components of microgrids, background of renewable energy sources, advantages of microgrid over traditional power systems, concept of per unit in microgrid, basics of solar panels, wind farms and energy storage systems.
2- In the second category, microgrid operation and control will be covered. You will learn about grid connected or islanded operation mode of microgrids, power electronic converter control, operation principles of wind farms, solar panels and energy storage systems. Different control approaches in microgrid in case of voltage dips, active power control, voltage/frequency support by microgrid, low voltage ride through capability and hierarchical control of microgrid is covered in the second category.
3- In the third category, you will learn about energy management systems (EMS) in microgrids. Topics such as data forecasting, DG scheduling, load dispatch, photovoltaic effect in EMS, fuel cell effects in EMS, and optimization platforms in microgrids are covered in this category. Moreover, you will be introduced to centralized and decentralized energy management systems, optimizing the power flow, EMS policies and voltage/frequency control in short term EMS are covered in the third category.
- Microgrid Training Crash Course
Microgrid training crash course will provide you a detailed training on microgrid operation and application. You will learn about essential elements of future microgrid technologies and energy management system approach for microgrids. Topics such as microgrid components, solar panels in microgrids, photovoltaic in microgrid, and energy storage in microgrid with different types of power electronic converter control are included in the training.
- Mobile Network Power Systems
Mobile network power system introduces the basics power systems in mobile networks and how to prevent the failure in mobile network based power systems. By taking this course, you will be able to understand basics of power systems, backup systems for mobile networks, power disturbances, uninterruptable power supplies (UPS), diesel generators as a backup to mobile networks, automatic transfer switch (ATS) and systematic troubleshooting and maintenance of power systems.
- Offshore Wind Farm Training
Offshore wind farm training will teach you the basic concept behind offshore wind farm generation unit and operation principles of offshore wind farms. The attendees will be able to understand the basics of wind farms, different types of wind farms, wind farm control approaches such as rotor side converter (RSC) and grid side converter (GSC), high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission used in offshore wind farms, HVDC control approaches for offshore wind farms and effect of weak ac grid on offshore wind farms.
- Power Grid Operation Training
Power grid operation training introduces the main topics in power grid operation, principles of voltage generation in power systems, concepts of active/reactive power, main components of power systems, transformers and their modeling, different types of loads in power systems, synchronous generator models, induction machine operation, power flow solutions, Gauss Siedel power flow, Newton Raphson power flow, economic dispatch and concept of reserve in power systems.
- Power System Dynamic Analysis and Symmetrical Components
Power system dynamic analysis and symmetrical component training teaches you the basics of power systems, main concepts used in power system analysis, per unit analysis, concept of complex power, power system component modeling, power flow analysis, fault analysis and symmetrical component calculations in power system dynamics.
- Power System Engineering Training
Power system engineering training is for all professionals and individuals who want to learn basics of power systems, transient and state analysis in power systems, main components of power system including generators, transformers, transmission lines, loads, high voltage direct current systems, active/reactive/complex powers, Kirchhoff’s voltage/current law, power energy, nodal or mesh analysis, power system operation and applied power system engineering.
- Power System Fundamentals for Engineers
Power system fundamentals for engineers is a detailed training for engineers having a job in power system career or looking for a successful career in power engineering. This course covers variety of topics in power system such as: basic theory of circuit analysis, synchronous generators, transmission lines, loads, operation of governors, boilers, cooling towers and turbines in power plants, simplified dynamic equations of synchronous machines, transformer models, HVDC transmission, reliability challenges, customer demands and power delivery topics.
- Power System Certificate
Power system certificate is a comprehensive 4 days training which lays the basic foundation of power system studies for you and moves you forward to advanced power systems including smart and micro grid as well as advanced control architecture used in today’s power systems. This certificate training is divided into five main parts, power system modeling and analysis; where you can learn about modeling techniques and dynamic models of power system components. Power quality and design; will help you to understand the power quality issues in power system and design your system to be more efficient and harmonic free. Power system standards; introduces the main important standards used in power systems. Advanced power systems; introduces the concept of microgrids, smart grids, SCADA systems and energy management systems in smart grids. Power system control; gives you more information about basic control approaches in power systems such as frequency and voltage control and moves you forward to advanced control such as hierarchical control, MIMO analysis of power system controllers and Nyquist stability criteria applied to power system components.
- Power System for Non-Engineers
If you are a non-engineer who recently started or willing to start a career in power system, this training is the best for you. Power system for non-engineers teaches you the basic foundation of power systems, power system architecture, power system components, products and integrations. Moreover, you will learn about voltage/angle stability, generator control, frequency regulations, effect of stakeholders in power systems, system operators, energy conversion in power systems, modern power systems, power generation units, alternative energy sources, transmission lines, transformers, substations, power distribution, power consumption, power system quality/protection, and telecommunication in power systems.
- Reactive Power Compensation and Voltage Control
Reactive power compensation and voltage control training helps you to understand the physical meaning of reactive power in power systems, fundamentals of reactive power compensation, solutions for reactive power compensation, series capacitors, power electronic based reactive power compensation, concept of harmonics, voltage stability, power factor correction (PFC), shunt compensation, series compensations and synchronous condenser compensation.
- Smart Grid Training for Non-Engineers
Smart grid for non-engineers training is designed for non-engineers in order to address the fundamentals of smart grids for non-engineers who want to start a career in smart grid technology. Topics such as smart grid concepts, smart grid functions, smart grid planning, smart grid design criteria, and smart grid standards are included in this training. Moreover, you will learn about smart grid communications, smart grid security, advanced smart grids for distribution system operators, demand response in smart grids, and energy management systems in smart grids.
- Smart Grid Training, Smart Grid Course
This course is designed for all engineers and smart grid professionals in order to understand the concept of smart grids, main components of a smart grid such as loads, distribution networks, transformers, power electronic based devices and SCADA systems. Moreover, it will provide you a step by step introduction to energy management systems (EMS) and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA), distribution operators and market structures in smart grids.
Power system is a combination of power generation units which generate electricity in different manners and are trying to support any type of customer/load in uninterruptable manner. Therefore, it is very critical for any generation unit to supply electricity to the customers without any failure. Power generation units can be classified into traditional and advanced power generation units which are mentioned in the following:
- Power Plants
Power plants are traditional types of power generation units where massive synchronous generators are located to generate the electricity. Each synchronous generator has a rotating part named rotor which is driven by a prime mover, or turbine and a fixed part named stator which is in charge of voltage generation. By rotating the rotor at the synchronous speed, and supporting the rotor windings by a dc current, a rotating magnetic field will be produced in the air gap between rotor and stator. This magnetic flux in the air gap which is also rotating in synchronous speed will induce a voltage in stator windings and power is generated if the generator is connected to a load in the receiving end terminal. Relationship between electrical frequency and mechanical speed of the rotor is given as:
Where,n is the mechanical speed of the rotor in RPM and is the electrical frequency of the output voltage in Hz. For example, for a 60 Hz, 2-pole synchronous generator, the mechanical speed should be 3600 round per minutes (RPM).
- Renewable Energy Sources
Renewable energy sources such as wind farms or photovoltaic (PV) generation modules are advanced power electronic based renewable energy generation units where a DC/AC conversion process aligned with filtering stage will generate an ac output from wind or sun irradiance. Considering the CO2 emission by fossil fuels and limited availability of fossil fuels, renewable energy based power generation is very common these days and it laid the concept of smart and micro grids down.
Power System Operation:
Operation of a power system is to combine all the generation units together and dispatch the generated power between customers in a way that total benefit from energy production is positive. Due to the fact that each generation company is willing to sell its production by different price to customers, power calculations must be applied to define the production level and price for each generation unit. Depends on the distance between the generation unit and customers, this price may differ. For example, it is reasonable for a far located generation unit to sell its energy cheaper than the closely located power plant. Therefore, there should be a detailed analysis and training in order to understand the power to be dispatched to each customer which makes the highest benefit for energy production utilities. Power flow studies are used in this case to calculate the power dispatch for each generation units and economic dispatch training is dedicated to maximize the benefit in energy generation or minimize the losses.
Power System Control:
Power system control can be divided into traditional power control and advanced power control. In traditional power grid control approaches, the main control is to control the generated power/voltage in traditional power generation units. These types of control can be mentioned as frequency control in synchronous generators, droop control in synchronous generators, flux control in induction machines, power system stabilizers in synchronous machines, excitation systems in synchronous machines or reactive power compensation in traditional power grids. In contrast with traditional control approaches which mainly are supplemented to mechanical inputs and have slow dynamics, modern control architectures are based on power electronic devices with fast dynamics due to the fast switching capabilities. Advanced control is done by converters/inverters implemented in power electronic based renewable energy sources. Control in power electronic converters is divided into three levels:
- Primary control
- Secondary control
- Tertiary control
Primary control loops are in charge of controlling the inner loops or droop active/reactive power sharing loops. Secondary control in islanded mode is in charge of restoring voltage and frequency, however, in grid connected mode, it synchronizes the converter with the grid. Tertiary control is in charge of power flow in the converter where the reference generating power will be imported or exported from/to the grid.
Want to Learn More?
Our training in power system is a comprehensive with a variety of courses supplemented with a lot of hands on trainings and in class discussions. No matter if you are an individual who recently started a career in power system, or you are a professional in power system need to improve your knowledge in different aspects, you will find our trainings very useful and you can prepare yourself for the real-world power system challenges during your career.
Power and Energy