Price: \$1,699.00

Length: 2 Days

## Fundamentals Of Synchronous Machines Training

Description For Fundamentals Of Synchronous Machines Training Course

Fundamentals of synchronous machines training course will teach you the fundamental operation and modeling of synchronous machines as one of the most interesting types of AC machines. This course will briefly introduce the topics related to magnetic circuit theory and moves to the advanced materials related to synchronous machines, mathematical models and derivations, application, parameter calculations and finally principles of synchronous generators and synchronous motors. Fundamentals of synchronous machines training course simply teaches you the necessary information related to magnetic materials such as: inductance, reluctance, energy concepts, permanent magnets and AC induction. To prepare you for the synchronous machines operation and modeling, this training will briefly overview the introduction to synchronous machines and the idea behind synchronous machines. Topics such as: main elements of synchronous machines, distribution of windings, eddy currents, mmf definition, effect of round or salient poles, saturation, losses and synchronous operation will be covered in this training.

By taking this course, you will understand the operation and modeling of synchronous machines including the detailed mathematical representation of stator windings, rotor windings, stator and rotor fluxes/voltages, transformation from abc to dqo reference frame, effect of damping windings in modeling, and phasor representation of synchronous machine equations. The training course will then focus on the synchronous generators as the main part of power generation units in traditional power systems. Detailed information of synchronous machines will be taught to help you understand the equivalent circuit for synchronous machines, concept of leading/lagging power factors in synchronous generator, armature reaction, calculation of powers, and operation of single generator connected to an infinite bus (SMIB). The audience in fundamentals of synchronous machines training course will also learn about:

• Rotor angle definition
• Magnetic saturation in core
• Mechanics of motion
• Swing equations
• Inertia constant
• Frequency response of the synchronous machines
• Parameter calculation in induction machines
• Per unit representation of synchronous machine equations
• Air gap mmf
• Effect of multiple poles in synchronous machines
• Structures of armature and field
• Rotating mmf in synchronous machines
• Machines with permanent magnets
• Magnetizing reactance of synchronous generators
• Short circuit ratio in synchronous generators
• Voltage regulation
• Complex power in synchronous generators
• Friction and core losses
• Power angle characteristics
• Parallel operation of synchronous generators

Finally, the fundamentals of synchronous machines training course will introduce the synchronous motors, equivalent circuits, torque and power for synchronous motors, efficiency, power factor, V-curves and applications of synchronous motors to complete the topic.

Audience

Fundamentals of synchronous machines training is a 2-day course designed for:

• All individuals who need to understand the concept of AC machines.
• Power utility engineers working with different machines
• Test engineers working in power industry
• Engineers seeking Ph.D. and graduate studies focused on electrical machinery
• Independent system operator personnel.
• Faculty members from academic institutes who want to teach the electrical machinery course.
• Investors and contractors who plan to make investments in power system industry.
• Professionals in other energy industries.
• Marketing people who need to know the background of the products they sell.
• Electric utility personnel who recently started career in power systems or having new job responsibilities.
• Technicians, operators, and maintenance personnel who are or will be working on power system related projects or power plants
• Managers, accountants, and executives of power system industry.
• Scientist or non-electrical engineers involved in power system related projects or proposals.

Training Objectives

Upon completion of fundamentals of synchronous machines training course, the attendees are able to:

• Understand the fundamentals of magnetic materials
• Describe the operation of synchronous machines
• Explain the different applications of synchronous machines
• Differentiate the operation of synchronous motor and generator
• Derive the mathematical equations related to synchronous machines
• Study the dynamics of synchronous machines
• Model the generators in complicated power systems
• Understand the synchronous generator equivalent models and applications
• Describe the synchronous motors and their applications
• Calculate the efficiency in synchronous machines
• Test the synchronous machines to find the parameters related
• Implement a dynamic models for synchronous machines
• Study the advanced courses related to electrical machines

Training Outline

Fundamentals of synchronous machines training course consists of the following lessons, which can be revised and tailored to the client’s need:

Introduction to Magnetic Circuits

• Introduction to magnetic materials
• Flux linkage, inductance, reluctance and energy
• Properties of magnetic material
• Excitation of voltage
• Magnetic materials with permanent magnets
• Applications of permanent magnet materials

Introduction to Synchronous Machines

• Basic concepts
• Introduction to AC machines
• The idea behind synchronous machines
• Concept of fixed voltage and frequency provided by a synchronous machine
• Concept of rotor, stator, armature and field
• Effect of distributed windings in synchronous generators
• Eddy currents
• Magneto Motive Force (MMF) in synchronous machines
• Magnetic fields in synchronous machines
• Rotating MMF waves in synchronous machines
• Generated voltage
• Round rotor and salient rotor
• Effect of salient and non-salient machines
• Concept of poles
• Synchronous speed
• Torques in synchronous machines
• Magnetic saturation
• Leakage fluxes
• Core losses
• Synchronous frequency
• Field windings in rotor
• Concept of round per minutes
• Rotor angular speed
• Main components of a synchronous machines
• Introduction of two types of synchronous machines
• Synchronous generators
• Synchronous motors

Operation and Modeling for Synchronous Machines

• Armature and field structures
• Machines with multiple poles
• Airgap MMFs in synchronous machines
• Direct and quadrature reference axes
• Mathematical representation of synchronous machines
• Magnetic circuit equations
• General equations of synchronous machines
• Transformation from abc frame to dqo
• Per unit representation of synchronous machines
• Per unit equations for stator of synchronous machines
• Per unit equations for rotor of synchronous machines
• Per unit voltage equations in rotor and stator
• Power and torque equations
• Equivalent circuits for direct and quadrature axes (dq)
• Voltage, current and flux linkage
• Phasor representation
• Concept of rotor angle
• Magnetic saturation in core
• Equations of motion
• Mechanics of motion
• Swing equations in synchronous machines
• Inertia constant
• Frequency response
• Parameters of synchronous machines

Synchronous Generator

• Equivalent circuit for round rotor synchronous generators
• Phasor diagrams
• Leading and lagging power factors
• Unity power factor concept
• Internal voltage for synchronous generators
• Armature reaction
• Magnetizing reactance
• Synchronous impedance
• Synchronous generator tests
• Resistance test
• Open circuit test
• Short circuit test
• Short circuit ratio in synchronous generator
• Voltage regulation in synchronous generators
• Zero power factor characteristic
• Power flow equations for a synchronous generator
• Effect of coupling transmission line in power flow
• Active and reactive power outputs
• Mechanical and shaft powers
• Efficiency and output power
• Complex power output of a generator
• Stator, rotor, friction and core losses
• Salient pole generators
• Phasor diagrams for salient pole synchronous generators
• Power angle characteristic
• Parallel operation of synchronous generators
• Synchronizing the generators
• Single generator connected to an infinite bus

Synchronous Motor

• Operation of synchronous motors
• Characteristics of synchronous motors
• Equivalent circuit
• Torque and power representation for synchronous motors
• Efficiency and losses in synchronous motors
• Phasor diagrams
• Power factor in synchronous motors
• Different types of synchronous motors
• Variable speed motors
• V-curves in synchronous motors
• Starting torque and breakaway torque
• Accelerating torque
• Synchronous torque
• Application of synchronous motors
• Voltage regulation in synchronous motors

Hands On, Workshops, and Group Activities

• Labs
• Workshops
• Group Activities

Sample Workshops and Labs for Fundamentals of Synchronous Machines Training

• Synchronous Machine Modeling Case in Simulink
• Synchronous Generator Modeling in Matlab
• Synchronous Motor Operation
• Unbalanced Synchronous Motor Operation
• Power System Case Study
• Sub-Synchronous Resonance in Synchronous Machines
• Voltage Control by Generators Case

Frequency Control and Droop Characteristics of Synchronous Machines

Fundamentals Of Synchronous Machines Training