June 6, 2019 @ 9:00 am – June 7, 2019 @ 4:00 pm
Tonex Dallas
1400 Preston Rd.
Suite 400, Plano
TX 75093
Howard Gottlieb
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Requirements Writing Training Course, and Specifications Writing Training course addresses the techniques used to write, validate and verify requirements and convert them to technical design specifications. It gives attendees the basic tools necessary to write effective system design specifications. Requirements are the foundation for building systems and software. They determine WHAT the system must do and drive the system development. Requirements are used to determine [verify] if the project team built the system correctly. The requirements development process identifies the activities needed to produce a set of complete and verifiable requirements.

Participants will learn how to:

  • Write well-formed, validated requirements and specifications
  • Analyze, Verify and Validate requirements into a user requirements document
  • Create Project Plan/SEMP with  various plans, such as the review plans, configuration management plans, and risk plans. [Control the requirements development].
  • Establish Configuration management [CM] the process to control changes to the requirements and manage the baseline documentation.
  • Plan the Risk management to monitor, control, and mitigate high risk requirements.
  • Manage Technical reviews to identify defects, conflicts, missing, or unnecessary requirements.
  • Manage Stakeholder involvement which is  essential for validating the requirements. Are these the correct requirements?
  • Establish Elicitation techniques to enable the discovery and understanding of the needed requirements.
  • Manage Traceability of requirements to user needs & requirements, support documentation, and constraining policies [e.g., safety requirements].

Requirements Writing Training Requirements define the functions, performance, and environment of the system under development to a level that can be built: Does the system do WHAT it is supposed to do? – These are Functional requirements. How well does the system do its functions? – These are Performance requirements. TONEX Requirements Writing Training provides the foundation to produce requirements for the system and sub-systems with set of activities . The systems engineering standard [EIA 632] defines “requirement” as “something that governs what, how well, and under what conditions a product will achieve a given purpose.” This course gives PEs 13 PDH (Professional Development Hours) approved by PIE.


Learning Objectives:

Upon successful completion of the course, attendees will:

  • Describe the way the system is intended to operate from the user’s perspective
  • Describe Concept of Operations (ConOps) process where user needs, expectations, goals, and objectives are described
  • Understand how feasibility Study can produce the conceptual high-level design and requirements which can be used as a starting point for the project.
  • Demonstrate the ability to capture and validate requirements throughout the requirements analysis process.
  • Learn how to conduct technical reviews, manage stakeholder involvement, and elicit requirements
  • Understand traceability of requirements to user needs
  • Understand the relationships among all stages of the system life cycle.
  • Describe different levels of requirements
  • Learn how to develop requirements, write and document requirements, check completeness of requirements, analyze, refine, and decompose requirements, validate requirements and manage requirements
  • Describe communications techniques to elicit requirements
  • Classify requirements as functional or design
  • Demonstrate the ability to write functionally oriented and design oriented specifications
  • Understand how to convert requirements into valid design specifications
  • Learn how to separate System and Sub-system Requirements
  • Learn how to create a Verification Plan to verify each system requirement
  • Effectively produce design specification
  • Effectively perform Verification (Functional, Non-Functional, and Interface reqs.) and Validation (ConOps)

Course Topics


  • Definition of Common Terms
  • System Definition and Design
  • Design Methodologies
  • Master Plan Scope
  • Concept of Operations (ConOps)
  • Preliminary Engineering
  • Final Engineering
  • RFP vs. Consultant Design vs. Design-Build


  • Introduction to Requirements
  • The Quality of Requirements
  • Description of Requirements Writing (within the larger context of system development)
  • Overview of Requirements Development

Communication Techniques for Eliciting Requirements

  • Stakeholder involvement
  • Defining valid and meaningful needs
  • Technical reviews
  • Stakeholder feedback on the needs being collected
  • Prioritization of the needs
  • ConOps to System Requirements (generic)


  • Purpose of Requirements
  • Levels of Requirements
  • Understanding the different levels of requirements
  • Performance requirements
  • Conditions [e.g. environmental, reliability, and availability]
  • Environmental and Non-Functional requirements
  • System
  • Sub system
  • Component / task

Types of Requirements

  • Eight basic types
  • Differences between requirements for hardware, software, services
  • Functional
  • Non functional
  • Performance, etc.
  • Non-Requirements


  • Definition
  • Capabilities
  • Conditions
  • Constraints
  • Operational Policies & Constraints
  • Technical and Policy Constraints
  • Properties
  • Interface
  • Human
  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Communications
  • Functional analysis – needs analysis, operational analysis, use cases
  • Design requirements analysis
  • States & Modes analysis
  • Workshop – States and modes analysis
  • Requirements parsing
  • Writing requirements vs. defining a system proposed is critical


  • Development of requirements
  • Description of the current environment
  • Stakeholders
  • Feedback to Stakeholders
  • Facilitation skills and techniques
  • Transforming Requirements into Requirements Specifications
  • How requirements specifications relate to requirements
  • Requirements Flowdown in Specifications
  • Specification Types and Formats
  • Types of requirements specification
  • Specification Writing
  • Review of requirements quality
  • Requirement structural template

SYSTEM TESTS (Verification and Validation)

  • Test Plans
  • Test Procedures
  • User Acceptance Testing
  • Requirements Verification Matrix
  • Traceability to user requirements (Validation against ConOps)
  • Traceability to system requirements (Verification against System Specs.)
  • Verification (Functional, Non-Functional, and Interface reqs.)
  • Validation (ConOps)
  • System Integration
  • Standards and Policies


  • Workshop 1
  • Examples of good and poor requirements (group project)
  • Requirements constructs
  • Group presentations and discussions
  • Workshop 2- classifying requirements as functional or design
  • Workshop 3 – writing a functionally oriented specification vs. a design oriented specification
  • Analysis of Conops document
  • Analysis of Test plans/procedures

Who Should Attend

SMEs, project stakeholders, users, Project and program managers, directors, project sponsors and anyone else involved in planning and writing specifications requirements for projects.

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