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Advanced Radar Course, Advanced Radar Systems

A radar is an electronic system used to detect, range (determine the distance of), and map various types of targets.

Radar is an “active” sensing device in that it has its own source of illumination (a transmitter) for locating targets. It typically operates in the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum—measured in hertz (cycles per second), at frequencies extending from about 400 megahertz (MHz) to 40 gigahertz (GHz).

Radar has also been used at lower frequencies for long-range applications (frequencies as low as several megahertz, which is the high-frequency, or shortwave, band) and at optical and infrared frequencies (those of laser radar, or lidar).

The circuit components and other hardware of radar systems vary with the frequency used, and systems range in size from those small enough to fit in the palm of the hand to those so enormous that they would fill several football fields.

Recent breakthroughs in radar technology combined with the demand for compact, affordable and high precision radar for military and commercial applications, has led to a Renaissance in the methods and use of radar.

Many of the upcoming sectors of technology growth, namely autonomous vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and various commercial/civilian applications, rely upon solid-state radar and new methods of fabrication and programming.

This resurgence is a byproduct of escalating advancements in radar, stealth and jamming technologies for defense that is driving conventional radar solutions into obsolescence.

Even after a century of research and study in the field, radar systems with enhanced features are in high demand for surveillance, tracking and imaging applications, required for both civilian and military contexts.

Advanced radar technologies are needed to face the problem of complex environments, with changing electromagnetic properties of targets, such as vehicles, ships, buildings and terrain, for different frequencies, polarimetric modes and configurations.

For the last few decades radar imaging and sensing technology has made major scientific and technical progress. The first applications of this technology were devoted mostly to military uses. Nowadays, radar imaging and sensing techniques are widely used in many civilian applications, ranging from medicine, though security, to safety assistance sensors widely used in transportation, including cars, trains and airplanes, among others.

In fact, these technologies are beginning to be present all around us.

With the fast development of new hardware platforms with advanced computational resources that are widely available on the market, novel signal processing techniques—enabling enhanced functionalities of radar systems—have been implemented.

This, in turn, makes it possible to apply new technology in radar imaging such as, for example, passive radar sensing. Just a few years ago this type of sensing was at a very low technical readiness level, and today it has become a mature technology that will be probably offered on the market within the next few years.

Moreover, the ever wider bandwidth of the currently available receivers allow the creation of very high resolution radar images utilizing both active and passive radar technology.

IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization for the advancement of technology, reports advances in signal processing for radar systems involving a wide range of applications, including health care, archeology and weather forecasting, to mention a few.

Advanced Radar Course, Advanced Radar Systems Course by Tonex

Advanced Radar Course, Advanced Radar Systems is a 3-day advanced course covers advanced concepts behind modern radar systems including radar design, advanced functions, phased array radar system design, pulse doppler radar system design and implementation, search and track functions, target detection, signal processing, architecture, critical components, electronic attack and protection, transmitter/receiver, and antenna.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the participants can:

  • Explain how radar works a
  • Describe radar system functionality, design, and configurations
  • Examine Radar Concept of Operation (ConOps), functional architecture, system requirement, system design, architecture, operation and maintenance, and troubleshooting
  • Examine the architecture, major functions, and applications of a modern radar system
  • Discuss the evolution of radar technologies
  • Describe theory of operation of a simple radar
  • Explain radar range equation, waveform design, doppler effect, resolution, coverage and multipath
  • Discuss principles, procedures, techniques and evolution of RADAR technology
  • Discuss advanced detection theory as applies to radar
  • Determine target probability of detection and probability of false alarm.
  • Learn advanced radar techniques and signal processing principles
  • Learn about doppler effect
  • Discuss applications and technologies behind phased array radars and pulse doppler radar systems

Who Should Attend?

This advanced course is designed for software and hardware engineers, system engineers, analysts, scientists, and specialists.

Course Outlines

Modern Radar Systems

  • Radar principles
  • Review of radar operating environment
  • Operating principle of a primary radar set
  • Radar equation and its parameters

Radar Systems and Concepts

  • Radar Equation
  • Propagation Effects
  • Target radar cross section
  • Detection of signals
  • Radar transmitters, receivers, and antennas
  • Clutter and Chaff
  • Signal Processing
  • Tracking
  • Parameter estimation
  • Range-Doppler techniques
  • Clutter and noise

Block Diagram of a Primary Radar

  • Radar design and application
  • Principles of short duration high-power RF pulses of energy
  • Traditional plan position indicator (PPI)
  • Indicator

Development and Design of a Modern Radar System

  • Radar systems and applications
  • Radar system parameters
  • Radar system architecture elements
  • Scattering mechanisms
  • Radar range equation
  • Signal processing
  • Antennas
  • Principle of measurement in Radars
  • Radar cross section and stealth
  • Radar timing performance
  • Radar frequency bands
  • Radar coverage
  • Radar and Electronic Warfare

Modern Radar System Classification and Evolution

  • Classification of radar systems
  • Imaging radar
  • Non-Imaging radar
  • Primary radar
  • Pulse radar
  • Pulse radar using Pulse Compression
  • Pulse-Doppler radar
  • Phased array radar systems

Pulse Doppler Radar Systems

  • Basic principles
  • Tracking uses
  • Radar clutter
  • PRF tradeoffs
  • FM ranging
  • Moving Target Indicator (MTI)
  • Doppler detection
  • Doppler effect
  • Doppler frequency shifting
  • Pulse frequency spectrum
  • Doppler ambiguities
  • Signal processing
  • Pulse repetition frequency
  • Angular measurement
  • Diffraction
  • Differentiation
  • Phase comparison
  • Range resolution
  • Velocity resolution and limitation
  • Radial velocity discrimination

Testing, Evaluation and Operation of Modern RADAR Systems

  • Antennas, receivers, transmitters.
  • Radar testing requirements
  • Verification and validation of radar systems
  • Roles and organizations
  • Testing procedures
  • Evaluation procedures
  • Acceptance procedures
  • Calibration overview
  • Radar system test platforms and tools

Advanced Radar Course, Advanced Radar Systems

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