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Automotive Requirements Writing, Engineering and Management

Automotive Requirements Engineering and Management has become essential as the complexity of the automotive industry increases.

While requirements documents are not new to the automotive industry, the rapid rate of change brought about by the introduction of sophisticated automated and electrified systems means that drawing up a requirements document is no longer a best-in-class practice.

Requirements are critical to ensuring the timeous delivery of a cost-effective product meeting customers’ expectations and safety and emissions requirements.

As the four ACES (Automated Driving, Connectivity, Electrification, and Shared mobility) change the face of the automotive industry, the complexity of electronic and electrical systems (E/E) is increasing exponentially.

In fact, about 40% of component-spend in high-end models can be ascribed to electric and electronic systems, with that cost set to continue to grow.

Simultaneously, customer demands for a heightened user experience (UX) have also impacted automotive requirements engineering and management.

Consequently, given an inconsistent global legislation, car manufacturers have been forced to engineer an increasing number of novel variations of the base specification. As a result, the complexity of compiling requirements documents outlining the specifications, processes, and procedures required to produce automotive components and systems continues to grow.

Needless to say, the challenges of writing automotive requirements have never been greater, especially in the functional safety realm.

Effective automotive requirements management brings benefits such as improvement of quality, decreasing risks, and enabling effective scope management.

Automotive safety is one of the driving forces behind the complexities of automotive requirements management. Safety requirements are defined for risk reduction. They are associated with additional required activities like additional traceability structure, safety attributes management.

Additionally, the automotive quality process requires a number of artifacts that need to be created and maintained in terms of automotive requirements engineering as well.

In general, automotive requirements engineers focus on three requirement areas:

  1. Concept Requirements — Here, product innovations are shaped. Starting point is often a vision. The vision is refined both from a user’s perspective and technological side possibilities. Prototypes play an important role also.
  2. System Requirements – Here, requirements are documented on a system-level describing the various system functions along with their allocation to the individual components. From the system specification requirements engineers are able to derive requirements packages that are handed over to the components area.
  3. Component Requirements — Most of the electronics are developed by suppliers. Therefore, an explicit requirements specification as part of the development contract is necessary. Besides the product requirements, this component specification also contains process requirements. When compiling the component requirements specification, the engineer in charge has to consolidate the handed over system requirements packages. Contradicting requirements from the different systems requires clarification and harmonization.

Automotive Requirements Writing, Engineering and Management Course by Tonex

Automotive Requirements Writing, Engineering and Management training discusses issues, problems, challenges and solutions of requirements writing, engineering and management applied to development of software-based automotive systems related to telematics, navigation, entertainment, electronics, sensors and control, communications and networking, ECU and CAN Bus, Ethernet, WiFi, 4G/5G, autonomous and functional safety, cyber security for vehicles, etc.

The ability to write and manage quality, concise and unambiguous customer, systems, functional and non-functional, design, verification and validation and maintenance requirements are the key skills for any high-functioning automotive engineer or technical staff in the automotive industry.

Automotive Requirements Automotive Requirements Writing Engineering is often trivialized as an activity performed by well-meaning automotive analysts, project management, product managers, software engineers before they start specifying a subsystem or component applied to critical processes and procedures. Requirements Engineering as part of an overall successful project.

Many automotive-related software projects fail due to poor requirements engineering, writing or management. Automotive stakeholder needs identified in the Concept of Operations are reviewed, analyzed, and transformed into verifiable requirements that define what the system will do but not how the system will do it. Working closely with stakeholders, the requirements are elicited, analyzed, validated, documented, and baselined.

Developing a validated set of system requirements that meet the stakeholders’ needs is a key success factor.

Through a combination of theory, practical examples, samples, discussions, interactive workshop activities, assignments, and group project, Automotive Requirements Engineering and Management training course delivers real-life technical requirements writing, engineering and management techniques and tools that can be immediately applied. Attendees discover the importance of knowing their audiences and how to communicate technical information in a “user-friendly” style.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this training, the participants will:

  • Describe the principles and key concepts of automotive software engineering
  • Learn the basics of automotive requirements writing, engineering, management and traceability
  • Describe application of automotive requirements applied to customers, systems, subsystems, components, software, processes and products
  • Link requirements customers, business cases, products, processes or services
  • Identify the roles and responsibilities of key stakeholders in the requirements engineering and management process
  • Highlights requirements engineering methods to assist automotive application and system analysis, design and implementation
  • Learn the principles of automotive requirements modeling and simulation
  • Apply test and evaluation (T&E) in automotive requirements verification and validation of vehicle systems and complex system of systems (SoS)
  • Illustrate automotive requirements development life cycle (SDLC) processes including ConOps, requirement analysis, design, V&V, operation, maintenance and disposal of systems
  • Compare and contrast automotive requirements development and management plans and methods
  • Apply the Requirements to Validation ad Verification processes
  • Describe the use of tools to support Requirements Writing, Engineering, and Management

Who Should Attend?

  • Automotive Analysts
  • Logistician
  • Business Professionals Design engineers
  • Automotive engineers and managers
  • Support engineers
  • Automotive application engineers and software developers
  • Automotive systems engineers
  • Automotive safety engineers
  • Automotive quality assurance or certification personnel
  • Anyone else interested in requirements writing, engineering and management

Course Outline

Automotive Requirements Engineering and Management

  • What a Requirement is Not
  • Requirements Gathering and Elicitation
  • Types of Requirement
  • Requirements Expression
  • Good and Bad Requirements
  • Requirements Decomposition and Relationships
  • Lifecycle Traceability & Analysis
  • Requirements linked to bugs/defects
  • Team Participation
  • Requirements Management in Maintenance
  • Requirements Reuse
  • Implementing Requirements Engineering
  • Six Typical Requirements Engineering Problems
  • Sources of Information
  • Concept of Operations (stakeholder needs)
  • Functional requirements, interfaces, and applicable automotive standards and architecture
  • Applicable statutes, regulations, and policies
  • Constraints (required legacy system interfaces, hardware/software platform, etc.)

    Introduction to Requirements Engineering and Management

  • Requirements Elicitation
  • Requirements Engineering Modeling Techniques
  • Documenting Your Requirements
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Validating Requirements
  • Requirements Management
  • Requirements Management
  • Changing Requirements
  • Change Management
  • Applying Agile Methods (Scrum)
  • Requirements Traceability
  • Engineering Drawing Requirements
  • Transitioning to the New Requirements
  • Validating Requirements and Improving Specifications
  • Requirements Engineering Project Management

Automotive Requirements Engineering and Management Key Activities

  • Elicit requirements
  • Analyze requirements
  • Document requirements
  • Validate requirements
  • Manage requirements
  • Create a System Verification Plan
  • Create a System Acceptance Plan
  • Process Results
  • System and Software Requirements Document
  • System and Software Verification Plan
  • System and Software Validation Plan
  • Traceability Matrix
  • System and Software Acceptance Plan
  • Software/Hardware Development and Testing
  • Integration and Verification

Writing Quality Automotive Requirements

  • Categorizing requirements
  • General automotive requirements, including customer, policy, systems and software
  • Functional Requirements
  • Non-functional Requirements
  • Verification and Validation Requirements
  • Stakeholders in the Requirements Process
  • Project Stakeholders
  • Business Requirements
  • External stakeholders
  • Regulation and Policy Makers Requirements
  • Requirements Elicitation
  • Eliciting Requirements from Stakeholders
  • Applying Elicitation Techniques
  • Selecting the best interview methodology
  • Requirements Engineering Modeling Techniques
  • Creating a Requirements Catalog
  • Writing a requirements description
  • Functional and Non-functional Requirements
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Writing Well-formed requirements
  • Validating Requirements
  • Reviews, walk-throughs and inspections

Framework for Automotive Requirements Engineering

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Automotive Transmission Terminology
  • Automotive Sensors-Design/Production
  • Automotive Stability Enhancement Systems
  • Automotive Telematics
  • Automotive Sensors
  • Automotive Ordnance
  • Automotive Safety
  • Automotive Embedded Software Requirements Engineering and Management

Automotive Application Areas

  • Entertainment and telematics
  • Telematics
  • Navigation
  • Entertainment
  • Electrical & Electronics
  • Sensors and Control
  • Communications and Networking
  • ECU and CAN Bus
  • Ethernet, WiFi, and Cellular
  • Autonomous and Functional Safety
  • Engineering
  • Safety
  • Powertrain Technology
  • Automotive IMUs
  • Automotive Blockchain
  • Defense Automotive Technologies
  • New Automotive Radars and LIDARs
  • Electrical Control Unit (ECU) and CAN Bus
  • Millimeter Wave 77-GHz Radar

Self-Driving Vehicles

  • Autonomous Functions
  • Robo-auto Functions
  • Driver Assistance and Safety Critical Systems
  • Automated Driving Systems (ADS)Cameras
  • RADADS
  • LIDARs
  • AI and Machine Learning
  • Navigation and Maps
  • Safety
  • ECU and CAN Bus Control
  • Cybersecurity
  • Advanced Safety Features
  • Cyber Security
  • Electronic Stability Control
  • Blind Spot Detection
  • Forward Collision Warning
  • Lane Departure Warning
  • Advanced Driver Assistance Features
  • Video Systems
  • Automatic Emergency Braking
  • Pedestrian Automatic Emergency Braking
  • Rear Automatic Emergency Braking
  • Rear Cross Traffic Alert
  • Lane Centering Assist
  • Lane keeping assist
  • Adaptive cruise control
  • Traffic jam assist
  • Self-park
  • Fully Automated Safety Features
  • Highway Autopilot

Standards and Models Related to Automotive Requirements

  • Requirements Engineering Process
  • Requirements Elicitation
  • Requirements Elicitation Techniques
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Requirements Specification Writing
  • Requirements Checklist
  • Testability
  • Requirements Testing
  • Writing Test Cases
  • Requirements Management
  • Types of Baselines
  • Sign-off
  • Traceability
  • Traceability Matrix
  • Requirements Change Management Procedures and Process
  • Configuration Control Procedures and Process
  • Requirements Metrics
  • Automotive Requirements within the System Life Cycle
  • Types of Requirements
  • The Quality of Requirements
  • Requirements Analysis Methodology
  • Requirements Specification Writing
  • Stakeholders and Requirements Management
  • Collecting Requirements
  • Requirements Decomposition
  • Verifying and Validating (V&V) Requirements

Case Studies, Workshops and Practical Exercises

  • Workshop 1: Writing Quality Automotive Requirements
  • Workshop 2: Customer, System, Software, Design and V&V Requirements
  • Workshop 3: Requirements Writing Practices

 

Automotive Requirements Writing, Engineering and Management

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