Price: $3,999.00

Length: 4 Days
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Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course

The electric systems used on spacecraft, artificial satellites and aircraft are called avionics.

Communications, navigation and the display/management of multiple systems make up avionics. This also includes the dozens of systems fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions such as a police helicopter searchlight.

Avionics in most aircraft will be upgraded several times during the life of the airframe. This makes avionics one of the most important sectors in the aerospace industry.

The goal of avionic systems is multipronged, including:

  • Increase safety
  • Reduce fuel consumption
  • Improve aircraft performance and control
  • Reduce maintenance costs
  • Excel in all weather conditions
  • Meet air traffic control requirements

An avionic systems engineer is an amalgam of skill and responsibility.

The skill set is substantial because avionic systems include diverse technologies such as communications, navigation, display and management of multiple systems and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions.

These systems can range in complexity from a police helicopter searchlight to the tactical system for an airborne early warning platform.

Ongoing training is also essential for avionic systems engineers because of the evolutionary nature of avionics. For example, maintenance is one of the major contributors to aircraft operating costs. Flight delays and cancellations from unplanned maintenance cost airlines billions of dollars every year.

This is why airlines have turned to avionics systems engineers to find ways to cut down on maintenance costs, including the inordinate amount of time necessary to do maintenance work.

One solution has been to incorporate artificial intelligence (AI) into predictive maintenance.

Also trending is the use of drones in predictive maintenance. Typical visual inspections of commercial aircraft can take up to six hours. Drones have the potential to cut this time dramatically while offering greater accuracy of checks — freeing up engineer time, reducing maintenance costs and improving safety.

Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course

Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course covers a comprehensive training of theories, technical, certification requirements, and the technologies applied in the current and future avionic systems. By taking this training course, you will fully understand all the systems involved in avionic technology, plus you will be introduced to DO-178C and DO-254.

Tonex Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course is fun and dynamic. Lectures are delivered in the format of interactive presentations. Once the theoretical part of the training is finished, you will practice the taught concepts and theories with real-world examples to ensure you have completely learned all the topics.


Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course is a 4-day course designed for:

  • Design engineers
  • Manufacture engineers and managers
  • Support engineers
  • Application engineers
  • Systems engineers
  • Safety engineers
  • Software/hardware engineers
  • Quality assurance or certification personnel
  • All other professional engineers and managers involved in avionic systems onto air-vehicles

Participants are required to have an engineering or science background.

Training Objectives

Upon the completion of Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course, attendees are able to:

  • Understand and explain how avionic systems and its components work
  • Describe and evaluate the basic performance requirements and essential components of all the main avionic systems to be found in modern civil and military air-vehicles
  • Understand the criteria for and derive the functionality of avionic system elements within the fully integrated “systems of systems”
  • Formulate and incorporate avionic systems from requirements definition, through concept development to final execution within their operating role
  • Understand and use the architectural rules and the design process to be used to certificate safe and reliable avionic systems
  • Explain avionic certifications
  • Advanced systems
  • System design and development
  • Understand and implement DO-178C, DO-254 requirements
  • Understand various data bus systems

Course Outline

Overview of Avionic Systems and Systems Engineering Processes

  • What is avionic systems engineering?
  • Terminologies
  • Background
  • Applications
  • Guidance and standards
  • Systems integration
  • Systems interaction
  • Flight control systems
  • Engine control systems
  • Fuel systems
  • Hydraulic systems
  • Electrical systems
  • Pneumatic Systems
  • Environmental condition systems
  • Emergency systems
  • Rotary wing systems
  • Military radar systems
  • DO-178b/c
  • Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification
  • Software certification standard for airborne systems on commercial aircraft
  • Various software life cycle processes
  • DO-254
  • DO-254 Design Assurance Guidance for Airborne Electronic Hardware
  • Aircraft electronic systems assurance of electronic airborne equipment safely
  • Line replaceable units
  • Circuit board assemblies
  • Application specific integrated circuits (ASICs)
  • Programmable logic devices

Flight Control Systems

  • Principles of flight control
  • Flight control surfaces
  • Primary flight control
  • Secondary flight control
  • Commercial aircraft
    • Primary flight control
    • Secondary flight control
  • Flight control linkage systems
    • Push-pull control rod system
    • Cable and pulley system
  • High lift control systems
  • Trim and feel
  • Flight control actuation
    • Simple mechanical/hydraulic actuation
    • Mechanical actuation with electrical signaling
    • Multiple redundancy actuation
    • Mechanical screwjack actuator
    • Integrated Actuator Package (IAP)
    • Advanced actuation implementations
  • Civil system implementations
    • Top-level comparison
    • Airbus implementation
  • Fly-By-Wire control laws
  • A380 flight control actuation
  • Boeing 777 implementation
  • Boeing 787 Implementation
  • Military Aircraft Implementation
  • Interrelationship of flight control, guidance and flight management

Engine Control Systems

  • Engine/airframe interfaces
  • Engine technology and principles of operation
  • The control problem
  • Engine indications
  • Engine oil systems
  • Engine off takes
  • Reverse thrust
  • Engine control on modern civil aircraft

Fuel Systems

  • Characteristics of fuel systems
  • Description of fuel system components
  • Fuel quantity measurement
  • Fuel system operating modes
  • Integrated civil aircraft systems
  • Fuel tank safety
  • Polar operations – cold fuel management

Hydraulic Systems

  • Hydraulic circuit design
  • Hydraulic actuation
  • Hydraulic fluid
  • Fluid pressure
  • Fluid temperature
  • Fluid flow rate
  • Hydraulic piping
  • Hydraulic pumps
  • Fluid conditioning
  • Hydraulic reservoir
  • Warnings and status
  • Emergency power sources
  • Proof of design
  • Aircraft system applications
  • Civil transport comparison
    • Airbus A320
    • Boeing
  • Landing gear systems

Electrical Systems

  • Electrical power evolution
  • Aircraft electrical system
  • Power generation
  • Primary power distribution
  • Power conversion and energy storage
  • Secondary power distribution
  • Typical aircraft dc system
  • Typical civil transport electrical system
  • Electrical loads
  • Emergency power generation
  • Recent systems developments
    • Electrical Load Management System (ELMS)
    • Variable Speed Constant Frequency (VSCF)
    • VDC Systems
    • More-Electric Aircraft (MEA) 227
  • Recent electrical system developments
  • Electrical systems displays
  • MIL-STD-1553
  • MIL-STD-1760
  • MIL-STD-1773

Pneumatic Systems

  • Use of bleed air
  • Engine bleed air control
  • Bleed air system indications
  • Bleed air system users
  • Pitot static systems

Environmental Control Systems

  • The need for a controlled environment
  • The International Standard Atmosphere (ISA)
  • Environmental control system design
  • Cooling systems
  • Humidity control
  • The inefficiency of present systems
  • Air distribution systems
  • Cabin noise
  • Cabin pressurization
  • g tolerance
  • Rain dispersal
  • Anti-misting and de-misting
  • Aircraft icing

Emergency Systems

  • Warning systems
  • Fire detection and suppression
  • Emergency power sources
  • Explosion suppression
  • Emergency oxygen
  • Passenger evacuation
  • Crew escape
  • Computer-controlled seats
  • Ejection system timing
  • High speed escape
  • Crash recorder
  • Crash switch
  • Emergency landing
  • Emergency system testing

Rotary Wing Systems

  • Special requirements of helicopters
  • Principles of helicopter flight
  • Helicopter flight control
  • Primary flight control actuation
  • Key helicopter systems
  • Helicopter auto-flight control
  • Active control technology
  • Advanced battlefield helicopter
  • Tilt rotor systems

Advanced Systems

  • STOL Manoeuvre Technology Demonstrator (SMTD)
  • Vehicle Management Systems (VMS)
  • More-electric aircraft
  • More-electric engine
  • Stealth
    • Joint Strike Fighter (JSF)
    • Integrated Flight and Propulsion Control (IFPC)
  • Vehicle management system
  • More-electric aircraft
  • More-electric actuation
  • More-electric engine
  • Impact of stealth design
  • Technology developments/demonstrators

System Design and Development

  • SEMP and ConOps
  • Systems analysis and  design
  • Development processes
  • System design
    • Key agencies and documentation
    • Design guidelines and certification
    • Techniques
    • Key elements of the development process
  • Major safety processes
    • Functional Hazard Analysis (FHA)
    • Preliminary System Safety Analysis (PSSA)
    • System Safety Analysis (SSA)
    • Common Cause Analysis (CCA)
  • Requirements capture
    • Top-down approach
    • Bottom-up approach
  • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
  • Dependency diagram
  • Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
  • DFMEA and PFMEA applied
  • FMECA and FTA
  • Component reliability
    • Analytical methods
    • In-service data
  • Dispatch reliability
  • Markov analysis
  • Reliability and safety engineering
  • Development processes
    • The product life cycle
    • Concept phase
  • Definition phase
    • Design phase
    • Build phase
    • Test phase (qualification phase)
    • Operate phase
    • Disposal or refurbish
    • Development program
    • ‘V’ diagram
  • Extended Operations (ETOPS)

Avionics Technology

  • The nature of microelectronic devices
    • Processors
    • Memory devices
    • Digital data buses
    • A 429 data bus
    • MIL-STD-1553B
    • ARINC 629 data bus
    • COTS data buses
  • Data bus integration of aircraft systems
    • COTS data buses – IEEE 1394 468
  • Fiber optic buses
  • Avionics packaging standards
  • Typical LRU architecture
  • Integrated modular avionics

Military Avionics

  • Military communications
  • Radar
  • Sonar
  • Electro-Optics
  • Aircraft networks

Avionics Protocols in Military

  • Aircraft Data Network (ADN): Ethernet derivative for Commercial Aircraft
  • Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX): Specific implementation of ARINC 664 (ADN) for Commercial Aircraft
  • ARINC 429: Generic Medium-Speed Data Sharing for Private and Commercial Aircraft
  • ARINC 664: See ADN above
  • ARINC 629: Commercial Aircraft (Boeing 777)
  • ARINC 708: Weather Radar for Commercial Aircraft
  • ARINC 717: Flight Data Recorder for Commercial Aircraft
  • IEEE 1394b: Military Aircraft
  • MIL-STD-1553: Military Aircraft
  • MIL-STD-1760: Military Aircraft
  • TTP – Time-Triggered Protocol: Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Airbus A380, Fly-By-Wire Actuation Platforms from Parker Aerospace
  • TTEthernet – Time-Triggered Ethernet: NASA Orion Spacecraft

Fundamentals of DO-178C

  • Introduction to DO-178B and Do-178C
  • DO-178B vs. DO-178C
  • DO-178/DO-254 certification process
  • DO-178/DO-254 project planning and management
  • DO-178/DO-254 master plan
  • DO-178/DO-254 need analysis and requirements
  • Software life cycle processes
  • Software life cycle definition
  • Transition criteria between processes
  • Software development plan
  • Software life cycle environment planning
  • Software development standards
  • Review of the software planning process software considerations in System life cycle processes
  • System considerations in software life cycle processes
  • Software plan development and certification
  • Software development, design, coding and testing techniques
  • DO-178C criticality levels
  • Software design, testing, verification and validation processes
  • Software planning process objectives
  • Software planning process activities
  • Software plans
  • Plan for Software Aspects of Certification (PSAC)
  • Software Quality Assurance Planning (SQAP)
  • Software Configuration Management Planning (SCMP)
  • Software Development Planning (SDP)
  • Requirements, design, code, and integration
  • Software Verification Planning (SVP)
  • Reviews, tests, and analysis
  • Programmable hardware plan development and certification
  • Software and programmable hardware verification and validation
  • Recommended templates and recommendations
  • Hardware design life cycle
  • Tool qualification
  • Cost estimation and metrics
  • Software aspects of certification
  • Compliance determination

Fundamentals of DO-254

  • DO-254 compliance
  • System safety and Design Assurance Level (DAL)
  • Application of DO-254 by EASA and FAA
  • DO-254 hardware design life cycle objectives and data
  • Integral/supporting processes
  • Validation and verification
  • Configuration management
  • Process assurance
  • Tool qualification
  • COTs cores and IPs
  • Single event upset and SRAM parts
  • Functional Failure Path (FFP)
  • Elemental analysis
  • Advanced verification techniques
  • Plan for Hardware Aspects of Certification (PHAC)
  • Requirements capture
  • Conceptual design
  • Detailed design
  • Implementation and production transition

 Avionic Systems Engineering Crash Course

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