Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Root Cause Analysis Training
Root cause analysis (RCA) is now commonly used in almost all industries as an efficient and reliable path to find out the underlying cause of a problem. It an important methodology because it can improve a product or service by providing the way to implement corrective and preventative actions.
The pharmaceutical industry has been particularly active in using RCA in recent years. For the pharmaceutical industry, corrective and preventative actions have become more important than ever since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) demands effective corrective and preventative actions (CAPA) via the Quality System Regulation and the Quality Systems Approach to Pharmaceutical Current Good Manufacturing Practice Regulations guidelines.
One of the biggest challenges for pharmaceutical companies is to complete investigations and actions in a timely manner as specified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Often, incorrect assumptions are made that everything is an isolated incident. In other instances, problems are not corrected and everything is blamed on a single employee or a simple laboratory error or the system fails to ensure that a problem does not extend to other lots and the incident recurs.
The ultimate criterion for adequate correction is to ensure that it doesn’t happen again. This is where following correct RCA procedures can resolve issues permanently.
Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Root Cause Analysis Training Courses by Tonex
Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Root Cause Analysis Training is a 2-day workshop style, hands-on training course designed for professionals in clinical trials, biotech and pharmaceutical industries.
Tonex’s Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Root Cause Analysis Training workshop ensures professionals involved in conducting investigations learn more about the RCA tools and gain practical knowledge to drill down to the root cause(s) of an event.
Participants learn about structured techniques such as brainstorming, 5 whys, 6 Ms, 6 Ss, Fishbone Diagram, (Ishikawa)/Cause & Effect Diagram along with other concepts and tools commonly used to assess risk and performing Corrective and Preventive Action.
Using use of cases, case studies, and group hands-on exercises, the training workshop provides tools and techniques to investigate, conduct in-depth analysis, generate investigation reports and correct the issues.
Who Should Attend?
- Biotech, pharmaceutical, biologists and medical device specialists and professionals
- Pharmacovigilance & Drug Safety Specialist
- Directors and Project Managers
- Operations/Support Manager
- Quality assurance and control, safety, risk, safety, manufacturing and packaging professionals
- R&D team
- Production managers
- Clinical trial professional
- Product engineers and designers
- Anyone responsible for the failure and deviation investigation process in a GMP environment
- This course will be practical in its application and particularly valuable to those newer to this field or those who wish to refresh their knowledge of root cause analysis and investigative techniques.
Upon the completion of Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Root Cause Analysis Training, the participants are able to:
- Learn the basic theory of root cause analysis and how it is applied to Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical industry
- Define problem statement in an unambiguous way
- Use appropriate methods for gathering data
- Explain all the steps of root cause analysis
- Apply brainstorming, process mapping and regulatory resources, tools and techniques to determine all possible causes
- Use brainstorming tools to produce ideas for solutions
- Discuss all the benefits and drawbacks of each solution to figure out the best and the most efficient one
- Watch the implemented solution(s) to assess its effectiveness
- Derive an efficient action plan
- Identify high-risk situations and perform possible preventive actions
- Derive a successful preventive plan
- Recognize common limitations of root cause analysis and find approaches to remove those barriers
- Search through the possible root causes of a failure and not just a quick fix
Training Workshop and Course Agenda
Introduction to Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Regulatory
- Deviations in clinical trials
- Most optimal Standard operating procedures (SOPs) for deviation investigations
- FDA (21 CFR and Guidance Documents)
- EU (Eudralex, Volume 4)
- FDA 483s and Warning Letters
- Landmark case
What is Root Cause Analysis (RCA)?
- Identifying the underlying key causes behind review findings
- Why is RCA important?
- How RCA might be performed?
- Who should perform the root cause analysis?
- When should root cause analysis be performed?
- Methodology of root cause analysis
- Defining the deviation
- Risk management
- Internal control
- Investigation process steps
- Investigations and data gathering
- Skills and tools of an effective investigator
Overview of Common Root Cause Analysis Tools and Frameworks
- “Is/Is Not” technique
- 5 Whys/Five whys
- 8D methodology
- Affinity diagrams
- Awareness and problem definition
- Barrier analysis
- Brain storming
- Brainstorming tools
- Cause and effect diagrams
- Corrective Actions and Preventive Actions (CAPA)
- Define, measure, analyze, improve, control (DMAIC)
- Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA)/Process FMEA/Design FMEA
- Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
- Flow diagrams
- Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP)
- Impact assessment
- Ishikawa diagrams (Fishbone)
- Mind mapping
- Pareto charts
- Pivot tables
- Process mapping
- Relations Diagram
- Risk tree
- Root-cause Analysis Tools and Methodologies.
- Run charts
- Statistical methods and sampling
- Statistical process capability analysis
- Statistical process control
- The interview
- Trend analysis
Case Study 1
- Root Cause Analysis with Examples
- Identifying Root Cause
- Corrective and Preventive Actions (CAPA)
- Common barriers and solutions
- Management of the investigation
- Organizational Culture
- Policy and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)
- Problem statement
- Risk assessment
- Data analysis
- Objective risk assessment and scoring
- Outcomes/Benefits to Client (ROI)
Workshop 1: Performing A Root Cause Analysis Project
- Gather and Manage Evidence
- Who was involved, what roles did they play, and who else is knowledgeable about the event? Procedures & Documentation
- What procedures were involved?
- Were they formal or informal?
- Were procedures followed?
- Were they accurate and complete?
- What systems were involved?
- What was their purpose and what role did they play in the event?
- What was the work environment during the audit?
- Was there schedule pressure?
- Was the client collaborative?
- Was there cohesion on the audit team?
- Did the team feel supported at each step?
- Write the Problem Statement:
- Analyze Cause and Effect
- What caused the effect?
Workshop 2: Working with Root Cause Analysis Frameworks
- Root Cause Analysis for Drugmakers and Pharmaceutical
- Root Cause Analysis for Clinical trials
- Kepner-Tregoe Problem Solving and Decision Making
- Corrective and Preventive Action (CAPA)
- Tracking and Trending
- Key Elements of the Investigation Report
- Analysis Techniques
- Building a Sample Causal Factor Tree
- Example Causal Factor Chart
- Determining Potential Product Impact
- The effectiveness of the CAPA
Clinical Trials and Pharmaceutical Root Cause Analysis Training