Price: $1,999.00
Length: 2 Days
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Electro-Optical/Infrared (EO/IR) Sensors, Theory of Operations and Performance Evaluation

Electro-Optical/Infrared (EO/IR) Sensors is a 2-day technical training designed to cover the foundation of Electro-Optical/Infrared (EO/IR) Sensors, theory of operations, modeling, simulation, performance evaluation, test procedures, and test result interpretations.

 EO/IR systems cover a wide range of distinct technologies based on the targets and the mission to be accomplished. The target phenomenology may dominate the choice of spectral band. For example, missile launch detection depends on the very hot missile exhaust, which produces the majority of radiation in the UV. The band choice is also influenced by the vagaries of the atmosphere (transmission and scattering).

Performance of an EO/IR sensor depends on many factors including the optics, detector, and display, the optics modulation transfer function (MTF) and all the factors affecting image quality interact; hence we recommend the use of modeling and detailed system analysis to interpret potential sensor performance.      

Who Should Attend

Target Audience:  The intended audience for this training are professionals who want to know more about EO/IR: Electro-Optical and Infrared Sensors. 

Engineers, scientists, testers, system engineers and managers interested in procedures, methods, applications and techniques associated with electro-optical and infrared (EO/IR) system analysis design, testing, evaluation and analysis. 

Method of Learning

The class consists of pedagogical elements that are interwoven to maximize the use of individual, group and class time. These elements include lectures, in-class activities, group assignments, and problem scenarios to role play and find solutions.   

Courses Material, Tools and Guides:

  • Course Student Guide
  • Exercises and Workshops Guide
  • Training Resources: Best Practices, Lessons Learned, Guides, Handbooks, Templates, Examples, and Tools
  • Cheat Sheets

Learning Objectives:

After completing this course, the student will be able to:

  • Learn the underlying principles behind sensors and associated technologies
  • Learn basics of electro-optic and infrared (EO/IR) sensors and the theory of operation
  • Explain the basis and operation of EO-IR-based sensor systems and their data processors
  • Explore the importance of EO/IR technology and system applications
  • Review and list the underlying principles of EO-IR systems
  • List the major components and technologies of EO-IR sensor systems.
  • Explain basics of EO/IR sensor modeling, simulation, testing and evaluation processes
  • Derive requirements for EO/IR system models, ISR applications, EO-IR Sensors, weapons, Electronic Warfare (EW) Systems and data fusion 
  • List major system design and performance parameters and issues
  • Explain the verification and validation process for EO/IR sensors, applications and data processors
  • Evaluate and select the best EO/IR sensor solutions for any given operational scenario
  • List the key impact of environmental processes affecting EO-IR system operation
  • Explain technology and operational trends in EO-IR systems
  • Appreciate the likely future advances in the EO/IR technologies

Course Schedule/Outline:

Introduction to EO/IR Sensors

  • Basic Concepts
  • Techniques, processes and technologies to detect, classify/identify, and localize/geolocate air, sea-surface, and ground targets
  • 21st Century’s Networked Digital, Data-heavy Battlespace
  • The Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • Systems operating in visible and infrared spectral bands
  • EO/IR systems  range of distinct technologies
  • Targets and mission to be accomplished
  • Target and the choice of spectral band
  • Missile launch detection operation in ultraviolet (UV) spectral region
  • Vagaries of atmospheric transmission and scattering
  • Point targets
  • Fully imaged targets (images of tanks)
  • EO/IR sensors and scanning sensors
  • Remote Sensing Theory
  • Exploiting multiple modalities associated with electromagnetic waves
  • Spectral, polarimetric, temporal,  and quantum signatures
  • EO/IR missions with point targets and fully imaged targets
  • The resolution of a sensor and the ability to determine fine detail
  • Measures of resolution depend on the precise task
  • Role of EO/IR Sensors and their Data Processors
  • Radiation Physics
  • Target & Background Signatures
  • Visible Light Systems
  • Optical Materials
  • Atmospheric Considerations
  • Photonic Detectors
  • Infrared Systems

EO/IR Sensors Theory of Operation

  • Introduction EO/IR Systems and Missions                
  • Expendables and Decoys
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum                
  • CCD EO-IRCM Techniques
  • Black Body Radiation 
  • Non-Imaging EO/IR Systems (Point Targets)
  • Theoretical background necessary to understand remote sensing of ultraviolet, visible, and IR electromagnetic energy
  • Applications in airborne military applications
  • Target detection, target acquisition, target tracking, reconnaissance, ground mapping, airfield damage assessment, navigation, communications
  • Countermeasures, and weapons delivery
  • Imaging EO/IR Systems (Extended Targets)
  • Tracking
  • Latest Trends in EO/IR System Development
  • Aliasing
  • Issues in Bayer Color Cameras
  • Emerging Technologies: LADAR
  • Infrared Systems Fundamentals
  • Laser Systems Fundamentals
  • EO/IR Sensor Test and Evaluation
  • EO/IR Sensor Performance Evaluation

EO-IR Sensor and System Engineering and High Level Design/Architecture 

  • System engineering principles
  • EO-IR system overview and components
  • System performance metrics
  • Environmental effects on EO-IR
  • Optical design elements
  • Detector technologies
  • Data and image analysis
  • Test and evaluation principles
  • Application survey
  • Technology trends

EO/IR Sensor ConOps, Requirements, and System Design Principals

  • EO/IR ConOps
  • EO/IR Requirements
  • Thermal Radiation Contrast
  • Radiometry
  • Atmospheric Transmission
  • Picture Forming Process
  • Parallel Scan Systems
  • Scanners, Coolers, & Accessories Serial Scan Systems
  • Nonuniformity Correction (NUC)
  • Video Imagery
  • IR Imaging Systems  
  • IR Optical Design
  • Shading & Narcissus Control
  • Cold Shields & Cold Filters
  • Aberrations & Resolution Control
  • Scanning & Dither Techniques
  • Detection Mechanism Overview
  • Thermal & Quantum Detectors
  • Evaluation Tools
  • System Performance Analysis
  • Minimum Resolvable Temperature (MRT)
  • Contrast Threshold Function (CTF)
  • FLIRs
  • Ambient Light Imagers
  • 2D & 3D Imaging Laser Radars
  • Image Fusion & Advanced Concepts
  • Signature Generation Mechanisms
  • Target Characteristics
  • Properties of Scenes &Targets (completed)
  • Backgrounds & Clutter
  • Clutter Metrics
  • System Requirements Flowdown
  • Recent Developments in Modeling & Analysis
  • Overlooked or Incorrect Analytical Assumptions

EO/IR Sensor Evaluation 

  • Merit Functions
  • PC, PV, nBn, QWIP, & Superlattice Principles
  • Uncooled Microbolometer Principles
  • Focal Plane Array Fabrication, Operability, & Yield
  • Modulation Transfer Functions (MTF) Aperiodic Transfer Functions (ATF)
  • Typical System MTFs & Super Resolution
  • Cascading MTFs
  • Performance Prediction Models
  • Measures of EO/IR Performance
  • EO/IR Modeling & Simulation
  • Optical properties (resolution)
  • Sensitivity/noise
  • Digital artifacts
  • Detector properties
  • Processing
  • Mission parameters
  • Target characteristics
  • Platform characteristics
  • Automated systems (IRST)
  • Algorithms for detecting targets (high probability of detection with limited false alarms)
  • Observer-in-the-loop systems, and displays
  • ISR systems
  • Very high resolution (small instantaneous field of view, IFOV)
  • Good ground resolution from high altitudes
  • Field of view
  • Power calculations
  • Signature generation (solid and gaseous)
  • Contrast
  • Atmospheric effects
  • Detector type (thermal, photon, one- and two-dimensional arrays, fibre sensors)
  • Cooling requirements
  • Detector performance characteristics
  • Display options
  • Electro-optic and infrared seeker systems
  • Countermeasures (including stealth) and counter-countermeasures
  • Digital image processing
  • Time Lapse Thermal Imagery
  • Hyperspectral Discrimination
  • Polarization Discrimination
  • Adaptive Spatial Filters
  • Spectral Discrimination
  • Infrared Search & Track (IRST)
  • Tracker Performance Issues
  • Light Properties & Deflection
  • Infrared Windows & Signature Control
  • Ray Tracing & Terminology
  • Real System Configurations & Examples

 

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