Length: 3 Days
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Introduction to Electronic Warfare

Electronic warfare (EW) is any action involving the use of the Electro-Magnetic (EM) spectrum or directing energy to control or attack an enemy or impede enemy use of EM spectrum.

The purpose of EW is to deny the opponent the advantage of and ensure friendly unimpeded access to the EM spectrum. EW can be applied from air, sea, land, and space by manned and unmanned systems, and can target humans, communications, radar or other assets, military and civilian.

The Department of Defense has confirmed that electronic warfare is once again a priority because there’s a need for today’s military to sense deeper and to assess more of that data that it’s now collecting through deeper sensing.

Analysts contend that electronic warfare and radar systems are on the verge of rapid innovation toward new capabilities, longer ranges, and improved performance. So many underlying technologies, from advances FPGAs to MIMO antennas, are overcoming limitations in existing systems.

In fact, modern warfare has made impressive strides in the areas of communications, radar and surveillance. Military Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) platforms are trying to cover the spectrum from HF to Ka band, sometimes over an enormous dynamic range. While cognitive EW is a work in progress, the miniaturization and density of electronics components continue to increase. If cooling technology keeps up, this will drive Radio Frequency (RF) system functional consolidation and enhance sensor performance.

Additionally, ongoing digital transformation is having a dramatic effect throughout the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). Adversaries use the EMS to plan and execute their operations while friendly forces look to maintain dominance across the joint, all-domain environment.

The result is increased investment in EW cyber operations in order to control the virtual battlefield. This involves the integration of capabilities from the realms of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), cyber techniques and effects, electronic warfare (EW), and information operations (IO).

Experts in the EW field predict that the future will see multi-spectral, multi-mode and multifunction capability. Active Electronically Scanned Arrays (AESAs) are already multi-mode but over a narrow band. The aim is to build large or small totally digital arrays, where the electronics behind every element in the array, is digital and can be controlled in every aspect at the element level.

A decade from now may bring all-digital, precisely controlled arrays that are multi-function, multi-mode and capable of learning to be cooperative or disruptive as required. These systems are expected to be highly flexible, capable of SIGINT, Electronic Support Measures (ESM), Electronic Attack (EA), Radar positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) and communications, all from one array and one box, cognitively and adaptively controlled.

EW systems will also become a lot smarter with more complex data sets, including in the context of signals.

Introduction to Electronic Warfare Training by Tonex

Introduction to Electronic Warfare Training covers the basics of Electronic Warfare (EW) foundation designed for analysts, engineers, electrical engineers, project managers, electronic warfare technical professionals.

Introduction to Electronic Warfare provides the foundation for

understanding the basic concepts underlying electronic warfare (EW). This course uses a practical building-block approach to facilitate student comprehension of the essential subject matter associated with the combat applications of EW.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of Introduction to Electronic Warfare Training, the attendees are able to:

  • List basis of Electronic Warfare (EW) concepts, keywords, architecture and technologies
  • Relate to the application of electronic warfare concepts to ground, airborne and naval surface warfare
  • Describe the key concepts of electromagnetic field theory
  • Describe prorogation models, communication intercept and jamming performance prediction
  • Learn the basics of radars and radar cross section
  • List the functional and operational susceptibilities of weapon systems to electronic warfare

Who Should Attend?

  • Technical personnel
  • Electronic warfare or radar system planning, design, development, operations and maintenance
  • Electrical engineers
  • Software engineers
  • System engineers
  • System analysts
  • Cyber security professionals
  • Verification and validation personnel
  • Project managers
  • Program managers

Course Outline

Introduction to Electronic Warfare (EW)

  • Electronic Warfare principles
  • Overview of signals such as radio, infrared or radar
  • Electronic Warfare architecture
  • Naval EW
  • Ground EW
  • Airborne EW
  • Cyber EW
  • RF electronic warfare
  • Infrared Countermeasures

Overview of Electronic Warfare (EW) Key Concepts

  • Electromagnetic Environment (EME)
  • Electronic Order of Battle (EOB)
  • EW subdivisions:
  • Electronic Attack (EA)
  • Electronic Protection (EP)
  • Electronic Warfare Support (ES)
  • EM energy or anti-radiation weapons
  • Electronic Counter Measures (ECM)
  • Jamming and chaff
  • Defensive ECM (DECM)
  • Electronic counter-counter measures (ECCM)
  • Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)
  • Jammers and EW transmitters
  • Signal Intelligence (SIGINT)
  • Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)
  • Communications Intelligence (COMINT)
  • Electronic Warfare Support Measures (ESM)
  • Mission effectiveness and warfighter survivability
  • Integrated electronic warfare
  • Digital Electronic Warfare System

Principles of Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Applied in EW

  • Electronic Warfare ISR Processes
  • Overview of  Intelligence, Surveillance , and Reconnaissance
  • Threat simulation
  • Measurement and Signatures Intelligence (MASINT)
  • Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)
  • Human Intelligence (HUMINT)
  • Imagery Intelligence (IMINT)
  • Signals Intelligence (SIGINT)

Key Technology Enablers of Modern and Emerging Radar Systems

  • Radar, EW and ELINT signal simulation Radar
  • Threat Simulation
  • Target Applications
  • Radar systems
  • EW systems
  • IED defeat systems
  • Pulse Timing Pattern Parameters Pulse Repetition Interval Patterns

Electronic Warfare Functions and Capabilities

  • Ability to use the electromagnetic spectrum
  • Key concepts to sense, protect, and communicate
  • Overview of Electronic Warfare major areas and function
  • Electronic Attack
  • Disrupting signals
  • Electronic Protection
  • Preventing a receiver from being jammed
  • Electronic Support
  • Producing the data necessary to disrupt the electromagnetic spectrum Listening
  • Collecting radio signals
  • Sensing the radar of an incoming missile
  • Weapon systems
  • Radar systems
  • Radar cross section
  • Search radars
  • Tracking radars
  • Electronic support measures
  • Electromagnetic countermeasures
  • Off-board self-protection electromagnetic countermeasures

Characteristics Of Electromagnetic Radiation  

  • Frequency and Wavelength
  • Polarization
  • Doppler Effect
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • RF Propagation
  • Radar Signal Characteristics
  • Pulse Width (PW)
  • Pulse Recurrence Time (PRT)
  • Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF)
  • Radar Receiver Characteristics
  • Duty Cycle
  • Peak Power
  • Average Power
  • Modulation
  • Radar System Components
  • Pulse Radar System
  • Continuous Wave (Cw) Radar
  • Pulse Doppler Radar
  • Monopulse Radar
  • Modern Radars
  • Phased Array Radars

Radar Principles

  • Radar Range
  • Azimuth Determination
  • Elevation Determination
  • Radar Resolution Cell
  • Pulse Doppler Velocity Determination 5
  • Basic Radar Equation 5
  • Radar Cross Section (RCS)
  • Antenna Characteristics and Scans
  • Parabolic Antenna
  • Cassegrain Antenna
  • Phased Array Antenna
  • Antenna Gain
  • Power Density
  • Circular Scan
  • Target Tracking
  • Radar Missile Guidance Techniques
  • Radar Jamming Types
  • Deception Jamming
  • Radar Electronic Protection (EP) Techniques
  • Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) Basic Operations and Geolocation Techniques

Decoys and Chaffs

  • Saturation Decoys
  • Towed Decoys
  • Expendable Active Decoys
  • Chaff Employment
  • Chaff Characteristics
  • Chaff Operational Employment

EO/IR Fundamentals

  • Basic EO/IR Theory
  • IR Signature Sources
  • EO/IR Seeker Characteristics
  • IR Seeker Types
  • Missile Flare Rejection
  • EO/IR Countermeasures

Radar EW Simulation and Analysis

  • Antenna Pattern Properties and Definitions
  • Bore-Sight
  • Bearing Angle
  • Beam width
  • Side Lobe Level

EW Workshop Topics

  • Advanced RF Electronic Warfare Discussions
  • EW Systems Test Evaluation
  • EW System Integration
  • Analysis of Threat Radar Systems
  • Advanced Modeling and Simulation
  • Software-Defined Radio (SDR) Applied
  • Millimeter Signal Measurements:
  • Photonics in EW Application
  • EW Best Practices
  • Special coverage on Jamming Techniques and Electronic Protection
  • Working with Spectrum Analyzers and Basic Radar Systems

 

Introduction to Electronic Warfare

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