Length: 3 Days
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Microgrid Certificate: Planning, Design, and Implementation


The Microgrid Certificate: Planning, Design, and Implementation is a three-day hands-on workshop that offers a leading-edge certification relevant to current trends in the energy industry. The curriculum provides participants with a comprehensive understanding of microgrids, including their planning, design, and implementation.

A microgrid is a localized power generation system that can operate independently of or be connected to a main utility grid. It may include both renewable and traditional generation sources and can incorporate energy storage to offset the variability of renewable sources. Microgrid technology is an advanced technology that has become a critical competence of traditional power networks with reliable and efficient operation across various industries.

The ability to deliver technical information of smart grids to the right audience at the right time is a valuable skill, particularly for professionals working in the field of power systems. The Microgrid Planning, Design, and Implementation Training provides comprehensive knowledge of microgrid operations and control, as well as energy management principles applied to microgrids.

Learning Objectives

Upon completing the Microgrid Planning, Design, and Implementation Training course, attendees will have gained a comprehensive understanding of microgrid technology, including planning, design, and implementation strategies. They will also have acquired the skills needed to operate and control microgrids, as well as manage energy sources and storage systems. Attendees will be able to apply this knowledge to real-world scenarios and challenges, enabling them to design and implement microgrid solutions for a wide range of industries:

  • Learn the basics of Microgrid principles, objectives, architecture, and components
  • Learn about Microgrid planning and design Understand the concept of microgrids with its main components
  • Describe the main power electronic converter types implemented in microgrids
  • Understand the hierarchical control of microgrids and microgrid controllers
  • Describe the differences between islanded mode and grid connected mode operation of microgrids
  • Explain the droop control methods implemented in microgrids
  • Understand the voltage and frequency control algorithms in microgrids
  • Describe the power control methods in islanded or grid connected mode operation
  • Understand the energy management systems (EMS) in microgrids
  • Tackle different challenges related to microgrid EMS and SCADA
  • Understand the EMS in centralized or decentralized microgrids
  • Explain the effect of data forecasting in microgrid EMS
  • Understand the operation of battery energy storage systems
  • Describe the main parts and operation principle of wind farms
  • Explain the operation and control of solar PV modules

Course Agenda and Topics

Introduction To Microgrids

  • Microgrid overview
  • Advantages of microgrids
  • Common terms
  • DC and AC microgrids
  • AC-DC hybrid microgrids
  • Different types of loads in microgrids
  • Microgrid architecture
  • Typical structure of microgrids
  • Microgrid configurations
  • Component of a microgrids
  • Redundancy, modularity, security, resiliency and fault tolerance
  • Efficiency in microgrids
  • Grid connected microgrids
  • Islanded mode operation of microgrids
  • Synchronization of AC sources in microgrids
  • Stability assessment of microgrids
  • Microgrid protection

Microgrid Planning, Design, Control and Operations

  • Microgrid planning, design, Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and construction
  • Engineering design
  • Construction and testing
  • Laboratory/factory testing
  • Site acceptance testing (non-energized)
  • Testing lessons learned
  • Startup and commissioning
  • Operations and maintenance
  • Advancements in the power generation and distribution technologies
  • Utility power & loads
  • Substation for utility power supply
  • Backup & peak demand generator power
  • Indoor generator applications
  • Outdoor generator applications
  • Green power generation
  • Wind power
  • Solar
  • Backup battery banks
  • Control station

Basics of Microgrid Control

  • Types of operation of microgrids
  • Control in grid connected mode
  • Control in islanded mode
  • Power electronic based equipment in microgrids
  • Power electronic converters
  • Power electronic switches
  • Classification of power electronic converters implemented in microgrids
  • Voltage source converters in microgrids

Islanded Mode Operation of Microgrids

  • Islanded mode operation basics
  • Effect of long-term voltage dips or faults
  • Importing and exporting the active and reactive power
  • Controlling the current and voltage in converters
  • Supporting the frequency and voltage
  • Virtual synchronous generator effect
  • Blackouts by main grids
  • Voltage and frequency management in islanded mode operation
  • Supply and demand balancing effect
  • Power quality in islanded mode operation
  • Hierarchy of loads in islanded mode
  • Concept of point of common coupling
  • Voltage control loop
  • Effect of inner current loop in islanded mode
  • Parallel converters in islanded mode operation
  • Effect of master/slave control in islanded mode
  • Frequency droop control in parallel operation
  • Voltage droop control in parallel operation

Grid Connected Mode Operation of Microgrids

  • Basics of grid connected operation
  • Control of a single converter in grid connected mode
  • Effect of parallel converters in control
  • Concept of master and slave control
  • Inner current loop and voltage control in grid connected mode
  • Droop control strategy of grid connected converters
  • Active power sharing among converters through droop
  • Reactive power sharing droop
  • Concept of inertia in microgrids
  • Effect of synchronization through an inverter

Hierarchical Control of Microgrids

  • Primary control loop
  • Secondary control in microgrids
  • Tertiary control
  • Centralized control of microgrids
  • Decentralized control of microgrids
  • Primary control in wind energy systems
  • Primary control in PV systems
  • Primary control in energy storages
  • Secondary control in wind energy systems
  • Secondary control in PV systems
  • Secondary control in energy storages
  • Calculating power flow for tertiary control

Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) and Microgrids

  • Concept of energy storage systems
  • Emerging needs for energy storages
  • Effect of energy storages in utility, customers, and generations
  • Classifications of energy storage systems
  • Mechanical storage systems
  • Electromechanical storage systems
  • Chemical energy storages
  • Thermal storage systems
  • Battery Chemistry Types
  • Lead–Acid (PbA) Battery
  • Nickel–Cadmium (Ni–Cd) Battery
  • Nickel–Metal Hydride (Ni–MH) Battery
  • Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) Battery
  • Sodium–Sulfur (Na–S) Battery
  • Redox Flow Battery (RFB)
  • Grid modernization
  • Reactive support and voltage control
  • Renewables integration
  • Supplement renewables
  • Ancillary services
  • Frequency regulation
  • Spinning reserve
  • Peak shaving
  • Energy arbitrage
  • Black start
  • Peak shaving
  • Load leveling
  • Uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
  • Resiliency

Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) Architecture

  • Battery system
  • Battery management system (BMS)
  • Power conversion system (PCS)
  • Energy management system (EMS)
  • Battery management system (BMS)
  • Power conversion system (PCS)
  • State-of-charge (SOC)
  • State-of-health (SOH)
  • Energy management system (EMS)
  • Programable logic controller (PLC)
  • Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
  • Monitors & Control
  • Local Microgrid Controller
  • Temperature Control
  • Environment Sensor & Control System
  • Fire Suppression System
  • Breaker, Switch & Transformer
  • Enclosure
  • Storage
  • Mono-Cell & Cells
  • Module
  • Battery Pack
  • Battery System

Microgrid Design Workshops

Workshop 1: Microgrid reliability, resiliency, and readiness

  • Microgrids for energy resilience
  • Scoping and planning
  • Data collection
  • Conceptual design
  • Project development
  • Hardware-in-the-Loop testing
  • Implementation
  • Lessons learned
  • Protection and control modernization programs
  • Distribution automation and management
  • Renewable energy integration
  • Wide-area protection, monitoring, and control
  • Cybersecurity
  • Safety enhancements

Workshop 2: Microgrid Resiliency Assessment Approach  

  • Project Scoping and Planning
  • Developing a Project Team
  • Reviewing Background Information
  • Consulting with Stakeholders
  • Identifying Priority Missions and Loads
  • Identifying Risks
  • Microgrid and RMF (risk management framework)
  • SAIDI (system average interruption duration index)
  • SAIFI (system average interruption frequency index)
  • SAT (site acceptance testing)

Workshop 3: Design and Implementation

  • Load data collection and analysis
  • Electrical infrastructure
  • Conceptual design
  • Definition of microgrid boundaries
  • Power requirements
  • Generation analysis
  • Existing prime power dispatchable generation and variable generation
  • Paralleling existing standby generators
  • New generation sources
  • New dispatchable generation assets
  • Renewable generation assets
  • Energy storage
  • Matching generation and load
  • Electrical modeling and studies
  • Interconnection application and studies
  • Protective relaying and selective coordination
  • Microgrid controls
  • Communications and cybersecurity
  • Additional design requirements and system integration

Workshop 4: Microgrid design and testing with MATLAB and Simulink

  • Design, analyze, and simulate microgrid control systems
  • Matlab and Simulink library of functions, algorithms, and apps
  • Design a microgrid control network with energy sources such as traditional generation, renewable energy, and energy storage.
  • Model inverter-based resources.
  • Develop microgrid control algorithms and energy management systems.
  • Assess interoperability with a utility grid.
  • Analyze and forecast load to reduce operational uncertainty.
  • Match the level of model fidelity to the engineering question being addressed, from early-stage feasibility through in-service operation.
  • Implement microgrid control algorithms and models to embedded targets, real-time systems, and cloud platforms.
  • Systems-Level Microgrid Simulation from Simple One-Line Diagram
  • Microgrid Dynamic Operation
  • SPS model of a microgrid consisting of a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) and a Solar Plant
  • Systems-Level Microgrid Simulation from Simple One-Line Diagram
  • Microgrid Hybrid PV/ Wind / Battery Management System

Workshop 5: Simulating grid-connected/islanded Microgrids with Renewable DERs and utility-scale Energy Storage Systems

  • Designing and validating EMS supervisory logic for all operating conditions and testing grid codes and standards such as IEEE 1547
  • Leveraging controller hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) to test industrial EMS hardware with an emulated version of the microgrid prior to final integration
  • P&Q control, droop control, imbalance compensation, and energy curtailment testing
  • Droop control in decentralized inverter-based AC microgrid.
  • Perform system feasibility and grid integration studies using prebuilt functions and apps
  • Acquire and analyze large data sets in real time
  • Develop optimization algorithms using machine learning and deep learning techniques
  • Develop energy trading and risk management (ETRM)
  • Deploy developed code directly to real-time and embedded systems
  • Simulink Real-time for hardware-in-the-loop testing.

Workshop 6: Design, Analyze, and Implement Microgrid Control

  • Microgrid power stability
  • Grid-connected mode) or independently of the utility grid (standalone or islanded mode)
  • Microgrid control modes to ensure stable and secure operation
  • Grid Synchronization
  • Grid Forming
  • Grid Following
  • Curtailment

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