Course Number: 2232
Length: 4 Days
NERC Certification Exam Preparation Training Program
NERC Certification Exam Preparation Training Program cover all four exams of System Operator Certification:
- Reliability examination;
- Balancing, Interchange, and Transmission examination;
- Transmission examination; and
- Balancing examination.
The NERC System Operator Certification Program prepares you for the exams including exam questions based on updated content outlines and the most current NERC Reliability Standards.
Training Topics include:
- Preparing For The Exam
- Exam Test Taking Key Points
- Electric Utility Fundamentals
- NERC Compliance Fundamentals
- Grid Reliability Fundamentals
- Understanding Key Elements of Balancing, Interchange and Transmission
- Resource & Demand Balancing
- SCADA, EMS, Communications and Data
- Protection and Contingency Analysis and Reliability
- Emergency Preparedness
- Emergency Response Strategies and Peperation
|Examination Content Outline||Total Scored Questions||Cut Score|
|Balancing and Interchange||100||74|
|NERC Continent-wide Term||Acronym||Definition|
|Actual Frequency (FA)||The Interconnection frequency measured in Hertz (Hz).|
Actual Net Interchange (NIA)
The algebraic sum of actual megawatt transfers across all Tie Lines, including Pseudo-Ties, to and from all Adjacent Balancing Authority areas within the same Interconnection. Actual megawatt transfers on asynchronous DC tie lines that are directly connected to another Interconnection are excluded from Actual Net Interchange.
|The ability of the electric system to supply the aggregate electrical demand and energy|
requirements of the end-use customers at all times, taking into account scheduled and reasonably expected unscheduled outages of system elements.
|Adjacent Balancing Authority||A Balancing Authority whose Balancing Authority Area is interconnected with another Balancing Authority Area either directly or via a multi-party agreement or transmission tariff.|
Adverse Reliability Impact
|The impact of an event that results in frequency-related instability; unplanned tripping of load|
or generation; or uncontrolled separation or cascading outages that affects a widespread area of the Interconnection.
|After the Fact||ATF||A time classification assigned to an RFI when the submittal time is greater than one hour after the start time of the RFI.|
A contract or arrangement, either written or verbal and sometimes enforceable by law.
|Alternative Interpersonal Communication||Any Interpersonal Communication that is able to serve as a substitute for, and does not utilize the same infrastructure (medium) as, Interpersonal Communication used for day-to-day|
Altitude Correction Factor
|A multiplier applied to specify distances, which adjusts the distances to account for the change in relative air density (RAD) due to altitude from the RAD used to determine the specified distance. Altitude correction factors apply to both minimum worker approach distances and to minimum vegetation clearance distances.|
|Those services that are necessary to support the transmission of capacity and energy from resources to loads while maintaining reliable operation of the Transmission Service Provider’s transmission system in accordance with good utility practice. (From FERC order 888-A. )|
|An analog filter installed at a metering point to remove the high frequency components of the signal over the AGC sample period.|
Area Control Error
|The instantaneous difference between a Balancing Authority’s net actual and scheduled interchange, taking into account the effects of Frequency Bias, correction for meter error, and Automatic Time Error Correction (ATEC), if operating in the ATEC mode. ATEC is only applicable to Balancing Authorities in the Western Interconnection.|