Price: $1,699.00

Length: 2 Days
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Offshore Wind Farm Training

Energy-producing organizations are turning to offshore wind farms because they are considered more efficient than onshore windfarms thanks to the higher speed of winds, greater consistency and lack of physical interference that the land or human-made objects can present.

Additionally, it’s important to keep in mind that offshore windfarms have many of the same benefits of their onshore cousins, including:

  • They provide renewable energy
  • They do not consume water
  • They provide a domestic energy source
  • They create jobs
  • They do not emit environmental pollutants or greenhouse gases

After hydropower, wind energy is the second-largest generator of electricity among renewables. While onshore windfarms are more plentiful currently than offshore windfarms, that situation is likely to change.

Offshore wind farms not only have the vast ocean for potential developments, but also face less resistance because they’re located off the coast, away from where people live.

But the big advantage of offshore windfarms over onshore wind production is that locating turbines offshore permits the generation of far more energy in the ocean.

Since wind is both stronger and more consistent off the coast than on land, the largest offshore wind turbines can produce between 14 to 15 megawatts (MW) of power, while the largest onshore turbine only can only reach about 4 to 5 MW.

Under conditions that foster offshore wind utilization, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory estimates that the technical resource potential for U.S. offshore wind is more than 4,200 gigawatts of capacity, or 13,500 terawatt-hours per year of generation.

Energy analysts have been predicting for some time now that the U.S. offshore wind industry is ready for takeoff.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) works collaboratively with industry and academia to address research challenges that are unique to U.S. offshore wind (like hurricanes), and to understand and address market barriers such as environmental impacts, logistical challenges, siting and permitting, and infrastructure development.

The DOE is also working to demonstrate advanced technologies.

With the development of the offshore wind industry, larger and larger offshore windfarms are being considered and installed further and further from the coast.

Much attention has recently been focused on so-called floating windfarms. One of the major cost benefits of floating wind systems is a lesser reliance on large and expensive installation vessels.

Floating windfarms work by mooring floating turbines to the seabed with multiple mooring lines and anchors, in much the same way as a floating oil platform. Floating wind turbine motion controllers stabilizes the turbine through regulating the turbine blades, optimizing power production and reducing stress on tower, substructure and moorings.

Contrary to fixed turbines which require heavy lift vessels to install the foundations, transport and assemble the parts on-site, and erect the turbine, floating turbine platforms are assembled in port and towed to site with the help of tugs and anchor handling vessels, which can bring about significant cost savings.

Offshore Wind Farm Training Course by Tonex

The Offshore Wind Farm Training course will help you to understand the technological developments of offshore wind farms, different types of wind turbines implemented for offshore projects, control of offshore wind farms, protection and reliability assessment of offshore wind technologies.

Offshore Wind Farm Training course teaches you the history of offshore wind farms and real world projects operating based on offshore wind farms nowadays. Moreover, you will be introduced to the recent wind turbine technologies and their architectures, transmission network used for offshore wind farms, reliability and stability issues related to offshore wind farms, reactive power and voltage support, and operation of offshore wind farms during different wind speed operating points. The course will then focus on the main type of wind turbine which is widely used in the power system industry which is the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine.

By taking the Offshore Wind Farm Training course, you will understand the main components of an offshore wind farm including: turbine and blades, substations, wind towers, foundations, transformers, helipads, switchgears, crane, backup generators, marine cables, and control room. This course will also help you to understand the basics of induction generators as the main components of wind farms, power electronic based wind turbine generators, protections implemented for different types of faults in offshore wind farms and effect of faults on the wind turbines. The audience in the offshore wind farm training course will also learn about:

  • Crowbars in DFIGs
  • Back to back converters in DFIGs
  • Gear box in offshore wind farms
  • Wind turbines
  • Modeling of DFIG in abc and dq frames
  • Unbalanced operation of offshore wind farms
  • Average modeling of wind farms
  • Considering the DC side dynamics in offshore wind farms
  • Active and reactive power control in offshore wind farms
  • Pitch angle control of wind turbines
  • Fault ride through capability of offshore wind farms
  • HVDC and HVAC transmission systems in offshore wind farms
  • VSC-HVDC transmission in offshore wind farms
  • Energy storage systems in offshore wind farms
  • Smart grids in offshore wind farms
  • Phasor measurement units for offshore wind farms

Finally, the Offshore Wind Farm Training course will introduce the protection and reliability assessment of offshore wind farm by including the topics such as: Wind turbine protections, Feeder protection, transmission protection, and earth faults in offshore wind farms.


The offshore wind farm training is a 2-day course designed for:

  • All individuals who need to understand the offshore wind farms from generation to consumption.
  • Renewable energy utility engineers
  • Test engineers
  • Engineers seeking Ph.D. and graduate studies focused on renewable energies and microgrids
  • Power traders to understand the offshore wind farm systems
  • Independent system operator personnel
  • Faculty members from academic institutes who want to teach the offshore wind farm course
  • Investors and contractors who plan to make investments in renewable energy industry.
  • Professionals in other energy industries
  • Marketing people who need to know the background of the products they sell
  • Electric utility personnel who recently started career in power systems or having new job responsibilities
  • Technicians, operators, and maintenance personnel who are or will be working on renewable energy related projects
  • Managers, accountants, and executives of power system industry
  • Scientist or non-electrical engineers involved in smart grid related projects or proposals

Training Objectives

Upon completion of the offshore wind farm training course, the attendees are able to:

  • Understand the history and background of offshore wind farms
  • Explain the different types of wind turbines in offshore wind farms
  • Describe the operation of offshore wind farms
  • Understand the different types of transmission systems in offshore wind farms
  • Explain the protections implemented for different parts of offshore wind farms
  • Understand the control of offshore wind farms
  • Design an offshore wind farm for a real world project
  • Tackle the problems related to unbalance and faults in offshore wind farms
  • Combine the concept of offshore wind farms into the microgrids.
  • Design the advanced control algorithms for offshore wind turbine projects

Training Outline

The offshore wind farm training course consists of the following lessons, which can be revised and tailored to the client’s need:


  • Development of offshore wind farms
  • Wind turbine
  • Installation and commissioning
  • Operations and maintenance
  • Offshore wind resource
  • GIS database
  • Database components
  • Wind resource estimates
  • Distance from shore

Introduction to Wind Energy Systems

  • Background and history
  • Wind turbine technology
  • Architectures of wind turbines
  • Offshore wind turbine architecture
  • Transmission network in offshore wind farm
  • Solution of High Voltage Direct current (HVDC)
  • Impact of offshore wind farms in power systems
  • Dynamic stability of offshore wind farms
  • Reactive power and voltage support
  • Power and frequency support
  • Inertial response of a wind turbines
  • Effect of wind speed in wind turbines
  • Different types of wind turbines
  • Doubly Fed Induction Generators (DFIG)

Main Components of An Offshore Wind Farm

  • Wind turbines
  • Substations
  • Towers
  • Foundations
  • Transformers
  • Helipad
  • Switchgear
  • Crane
  • Backup generator
  • Cable supports
  • Main structure
  • Control room

Wind Turbines Based On DFIG

  • Basics of induction generators
  • Principals of DFIGs
  • Effect of power electronic converters
  • Back to back converters in DFIG
  • Gearbox
  • Protection during faults
  • Crowbar implementation
  • Effect of three phase faults
  • Turbine
  • Modeling of DFIGs
  • DFIG modeling in abc reference frame
  • DFIG modeling in dg reference frame
  • Dynamic response
  • Modeling in unbalanced conditions
  • Mechanical system modeling
  • Converter modeling
  • Average modeling of converters
  • Modeling the dc circuit

Control Of Wind Turbines

  • Voltage source converters
  • Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
  • Rotor speed control
  • Reactive power control
  • Active power control
  • Rotor current control
  • DC voltage control
  • Grid side current control
  • Vector control in DFIG
  • Maximum power point controller
  • Pitch angle control
  • Fault ride through capability
  • Crowbar protection
  • Blade pitch angle control
  • Blade twist control
  • Variable diameter rotor
  • Active flow control

Transmission And Compensation In Offshore Wind Farm

  • Electrical collectors
  • Wind farm clusters
  • HVAC transmission
  • HVDC transmission
  • Current source and voltage source converters in HVDC
  • Multi-terminal HVDC systems
  • Reactive power compensation
  • Static VAR compensation
  • Static Compensator (STATCOM)
  • Underground cables
  • VSC-HVDC transmission systems
  • Point to point connection of offshore wind farms
  • Offshore wind farms using HVAC
  • Multi-terminal HVDC based offshore wind farms
  • Control of offshore wind farms based on HVDC transmission
  • Energy storage systems
  • Super capacitors
  • Flywheel storage system
  • Hydro storage
  • Phasor measurement units
  • Power electronic conditioning monitoring

Protection Of Offshore Wind Farms

  • Wind generation protection
  • Feeder protection
  • Busbar protection
  • High voltage transformer protection
  • Faults in transmission lines
  • DC connection protection in offshore wind farms
  • VSC-HVDC protection
  • Earth faults in offshore wind farm

Offshore Wind Farm Training

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