Length: 2 Days
Power System Fundamentals for Engineers
Description for Power System Fundamentals for Engineers
Taking the Power System Fundamentals for Engineers training course will help you to understand the basic concepts of electricity generation, circuit analysis, power plants, generators, power delivery and power market.
Power System Fundamental training course simply teaches you the history behind the power generation and lays down the basic theory of the circuit analysis in AC/DC systems. Different components of a power system including the generation units (power plants), transmission level (transmission lines and substations) and customers (loads) will be discussed. Operation principle of governors, boilers, cooling towers, and turbines are discussed in the power system fundamental training course.
This course gives you a sufficient knowledge to understand the operation of synchronous generators as the main components in electricity generation by introducing the magnetic theory and simplified electrical models. Transformers as the second important devices in power plants will be introduced and analyzed in detail. Furthermore, power delivery topics including: transmission line modeling, HVDC transmission, reliability challenges in power delivery and customer demand are introduced in Power System Fundamental for engineers training course.
The audience will also learn about:
- RMS concept.
- Power factor correction.
- Kirchoff’s voltage and current law.
- Reactive compensation.
- Magnetic material.
- Circuit breakers.
- Dynamic loads.
- Induction machines.
- Concept of slip.
- Three-phase transformers.
- Reserve in power market.
- Black start definition.
Finally, the Power system fundamental for engineers training course will introduce the power system operation and market including: Energy concepts, Generation/Transmission operators, ancillary services, regulators and future markets.
The Power system fundamental for engineers training is a 3-day course designed for:
- All individuals who need to understand the power system from generation to consumption.
- Power traders to understand the power systems.
- Independent system operator personnel.
- Faculty members from academic institutes who want to teach the fundamentals of power systems course.
- Investors and contractors who plan to make investments in power industry.
- Professionals in other energy industries.
- Marketing people who need to know the background of the products they sell.
- Electric utility personnel who recently started career in power systems or having new job responsibilities.
- Technicians, operators, and maintenance personnel who are or will be working at power plants or power system generation companies.
- Managers, accountants, and executives of power system industry.
- Scientist or non-electrical engineers involved in power system related projects or proposals.
Upon completion of the Power system fundamental for engineers training course, the attendees are able to:
- Explain the basics of circuit analysis
- Understand the main elements of power plants
- Describe the electricity generation in generators
- Understand the transformer operation and modeling
- Differentiate different transmission lines
- Model and analyze transmission lines
- Understand the different types of loads and their performance
- Describe the operation of induction machines
- Understand the HVDC transmission systems
- Understand the concepts of power system operation and power market
- Explain the concept of profit in economic operation
- Understand the different terminologies in power market such as Ancillary services, concept of reserve and balance between generation and demand
The Power system fundamental for engineers training course consists of the following lessons, which can be revised and tailored to the client’s need:
Introduction to Power Systems
- History of the power generation
- AC and DC concepts
- AC circuits basics
- Sinusoidal functions
- Peak, RMS, and average values
- Root mean squared amplitude, angular velocity, and phase angle
- Time domain and phasor domain
- Voltage/current relationship in resistive, inductive and capacitive loads
- Kirchoff’s voltage and current law
- Circuit analysis using phasors
- Complex power, active power, reactive power
- Power factor
- Three phase circuits
- Y/D (star-delta) connections in three phase systems
- Concept of energy
Magnetic Fields and AC Circuits
- Introduction to magnetic circuits
- Flux linkage, inductance, reluctance and energy
- Properties of magnetic materials
- AC excitation
- Permanent magnets
Power System Components
- Power Plants
- Gas turbines
- Steam turbines
- Cooling towers
- Transmission lines
- Substations (switchgears)
- Low voltage
- Medium voltage
- High voltage
- Control room
- Circuit breakers
- Constant loads
- Dynamic loads
- Power electronic based loads
- Electric vehicle charging
- Induction Machines
- Introduction to poly phaser induction machines
- Current and fluxes in induction machines
- Induction motor equivalent circuit
- Analysis of equivalent circuit
- Effect of rotor resistance, wound and squirrel cage rotors
- Slip, Torque and power by Thevenin theorem
Fundamentals of Generation/Synchronous Machines (Generators)
- Basic operation principles of synchronous machines
- Rotor and stator definition
- Field and armature windings
- Magnetic flux in the airgap
- Voltage generation
- Simplified generator model
- Phasor diagrams
- Power-angle formulation
- Dynamic model of generators
- Mechanical dynamics
- Swing equation
- Single-phase transformers
- Magnetic circuit model, primary and secondary
- Voltage induction, leakage flux
- Turn ratio, output power
- Equivalent transformer model
- Three phase transformers
- Delta- Star
Concepts of Power Delivery
- Transmission Lines
- Common types of transmission lines
- Two-wire lines
- Parallel-plate lines
- Micro-strip lines
- Steady state analysis of transmission lines
- Transmission line parameters
- Lossless transmission lines
- Equivalent transmission line models
- Power flow in transmission lines
- HVDC transmission
- Reliability and challenges for power delivery
Power System Operation
- Historical Developments of power market
- Power System Operator
- Transmission system operator (TSO)
- Distribution system operator (DSO)
- Generation Company (Genco)
- Consumers (large and small)
- Market operator
- Capacity markets
- Ancillary services
- Primary reserves
- Secondary reserves
- Black start capability
- Manual reserve
- Short circuit power, reactive reserve
- Profit in market
- Future markets
- Day-ahead market
- Intra-day market
- Balancing market
- Uncertainty in markets
- SCADA systems
- Energy Management Systems (EMS)