Price: $1,699.00

Course Number: 402
Length: 2 Days
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SONET, SDH and DWDM Training Course

SONET, SDH and DWDM Training course provides an overview of the SONET/SDH and DWDM networking elements, and their technologies, required to build evolving transport networks. It provides you with a comprehensive business and technical foundation in optical networks, services and applications development.

Who Should Attend

This course is designed to provide a general overview for strategic or technical managers, consultants, communications professionals, software engineers, system engineers, network professionals, marketing and sales professional, IT professionals, and others who plan on using, evaluating, designing or working with SONET/SDH, D/WDM and optical networks

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the attendees will be able to:

  • Understand SONET/SDH Technology
  • Understand SONET/SDH Transmission Hierarchy
  • Explore SONET/SDH Architectures & Services
  • Understand Digital Signal Synchronization
  • Understand SONET/SDH Network Elements
  • Develope SONEt/SDH network architecture and configuration using Terminal Multiplexe, Regenerator, Add/Drop Multiplexer (ADMs), Digital Cross-Connects and Digital Loop Carrier
  • Understand Protection Switching

Outline

Executive Summary

  • Broadband Networks
  • B-ISDN, ATM, and SONET/SDH
  • Optical Networks
  • Fiber Optic Fundamentals
  • Access, metro, long hual networks
  • SONET/SDH Overview
  • Overview, Architectures and Services
  • SONET/SDH in Cable Television & Broadcast Networks
  • SONET/SDH in Enterprise Networks & LANs
  • Convergence of Services
  • Overview of SONET/SDH Structure & Formats
  • Overview of SONET/SDH Products & Features
  • Overview of SONET/SDH Networking
  • Introduction to Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM)

Overview of Fiber Optics Communications

  • Fiber optic transmission
  • Optical fibres structure
  • Optical amplifiers
  • Light sources and transmitters
  • Photodiodes and receivers
  • Optical communication systems
  • Optical components

SONET/SDH Architectures & Services

  • Evolving CPE/ILEC/IXCsInfrastructure & Services
  • Inter-Office & Core Networking with SONET/SDH
  • SONET/SDH in the Feeder Section
  • Loop Section & the Last Mile
  • ADSL (Twisted Pair)
  • HFC (Coax)
  • FITL/FTTC/FTTH/FTTD (Fiber)
  • Strategies for DWDM & SONET/SDH in the 21st Century

What are the Benefits of SONET/SDH?

  • Pointers, MUX/ DEMUX
  • Reduced Back-to-Back Multiplexing
  • Optical Interconnect
  • Multipoint Configurations
  • Convergence, ATM, Video, and SONE/SDH
  • Grooming
  • Reduced Cabling and Elimination of DSX Panels
  • Enhanced OAM&P
  • Enhanced Performance Monitoring

SONET Frame Format Structure

  • STS-1 Building Block
  • STS-1 Frame Structure
  • STS-1 Envelope Capacity
  • Synchronous Payload Envelope (SPE)
  • STS-1 SPE in Interior of STS-1 Frames
  • STS-N Frame Structure
  • Overheads
  • Section Overhead Line Overhead
  • STS Path Overhead
  • VT Path Overhead
  • SONET Alarm Structure
  • Pointers
  • VT Mappings
  • Concatenated Payloads
  • Payload Pointers
  • Positive Stuffing
  • Negative Stuffing
  • Virtual Tributaries
  • STS-1 VT1.5 SPE Columns
  • DS1 Visibility
  • VT Superframe and Envelope Capacity
  • VT SPE and Payload Capacity
  • SONET Multiplexing

SONET/SDH Payloads

  • Digital and Analog Transmission Standards
  • Digital Hierarchy
  • Origin of SONET/SDH
  • Why SONET/SDH? Why DWDM and WDM?
  • SONET/SDH Signal Format
  • STS/OC
  • STS-1 Frame
  • SONET Payload Pointers
  • STS-3 SPE
  • STS-48 SPE
  • Virtual Tributaries

SONET Synchronization and Timing

  • Straturn Clock
  • Plesiochronous Clock
  • Overview of BITS

SONET/SDH Network Architecture

  • Technical Advantages
  • Redundancy
  • Layers & Functions
  • Network path, line, and section
  • Multiplexing Frame Structures/Formats
  • Ring Configurations (terminals, drops, inserts)
  • Network Synchronization (timing, modes, pointers, issues)
  • Applications & Services

SONET/SDH Network Elements

  • Terminal Multiplexer
  • Regenerator
  • Add/Drop Multiplexer
  • Digital Cross-Connects
  • Digital Loop Carrier
  • Protection and Survivability
  • SONET Rings
  • Element Managers

SONET/SDH Network Toplogies and Configurations

  • Point-to-Point
  • Point-to-Multipoint
  • Hub Architecture
  • Ring Architecture

Span Engineering

  • Engineering a SONET/SDH and DWDM link
  • What are the factors?
  • Amplifier power
  • Amplifier spacing
  • Fiber types
  • Channel count and bit rate
  • Channel Bit Rate
  • Dispersion and polarization
  • Non-linear effects

Managing SONET/SDH Networks and Services

  • Customer and Carrier Advantages
  • OAM&P
  • Multi-vendor Interoperability and Management
  • Routing
  • Event Management
  • Performance Management
  • Integrated SONET/SDH Management
  • Standards for Network and Service Management
  • SONET Rings
  • SONET/SDH Services

Introduction to DWDM

  • Optical Networking and DWDM
  • Optical Network Breakthroughs
  • Special Fibers
  • S, C and L Bands
  • Optical Components
  • Optical Spectral Filters and Gratings
  • Optical Demultiplexers
  • The Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA)
  • The Tunable Laser Diode Operating at 1550 nm
  • In-Fiber Bragg Grating
  • Light Sources
  • Optical Cross-Connects
  • Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers
  • DWDM and SONET

DWDM Components and Architecture

  • DWDM Anatomy
  • DWDM Impairments
  • DWDM Optical Amplifiers
  • DWDM Filter Modules
  • Wavelength Converters
  • Integrated DWDM Modules
  • Modal Effects
  • Scattering Effects
  • Miscellaneous Effects

SONET/SDH, IP, ATM, WDM and DWDM Integration

  • Interworking Issues and Challenges
  • Protection and Restoration
  • Network Management and Service Delivery
  • Mapping IP on SONET
  • MPLS/GMPLS
  • QoS

SYNCHRONOUS DIGITAL HIERARCHY (SDH) (Optional)

  • Basic Rates
  • Frame Structure
  • Overhead Bytes
  • STM-4, STM-16 and STM-64
  • Tributary Units (TUs)
  • SONET and SDH Compatibility

SDH Overhead

  • Regenerator Section Overhead
  • Multiplex Section Overhead
  • Higher-Order Path Overhead (VC-4/VC-3)
  • Lower-Order Path Overhead (VC-2/VC-1)
  • SDH Anomalies, Defects, Failures, and Alarms
  • SDH Error Performance Monitoring
  • SDH Pointers
  • Payload Pointers
  • Positive Pointer Justification
  • Negative Pointer Justification
  • SDH Multiplexing
  • SDH Tributary Multiplexing
  • Tributary Unit Group
  • TU Multiframe
  • TU Payload Pointer
  • Automatic Protection Switching
  • Multiplex Section Protection, K1/K2 Bytes
  • 1+1 Protection
  • 1:N Protection

Who Should Attend

This course is designed to provide a general overview for strategic or technical managers, consultants, communications professionals, software engineers, system engineers, network professionals, marketing and sales professional, IT professionals, and others who plan on using, evaluating, designing or working with SONET/SDH, D/WDM and optical networks

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the attendees will be able to:

  • Understand SONET/SDH Technology
  • Understand SONET/SDH Transmission Hierarchy
  • Explore SONET/SDH Architectures & Services
  • Understand Digital Signal Synchronization
  • Understand SONET/SDH Network Elements
  • Develope SONEt/SDH network architecture and configuration using Terminal Multiplexe, Regenerator, Add/Drop Multiplexer (ADMs), Digital Cross-Connects and Digital Loop Carrier
  • Understand Protection Switching

Outline

Executive Summary

  • Broadband Networks
  • B-ISDN, ATM, and SONET/SDH
  • Optical Networks
  • Fiber Optic Fundamentals
  • Access, metro, long hual networks
  • SONET/SDH Overview
  • Overview, Architectures and Services
  • SONET/SDH in Cable Television & Broadcast Networks
  • SONET/SDH in Enterprise Networks & LANs
  • Convergence of Services
  • Overview of SONET/SDH Structure & Formats
  • Overview of SONET/SDH Products & Features
  • Overview of SONET/SDH Networking
  • Introduction to Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM)

Overview of Fiber Optics Communications

  • Fiber optic transmission
  • Optical fibres structure
  • Optical amplifiers
  • Light sources and transmitters
  • Photodiodes and receivers
  • Optical communication systems
  • Optical components

SONET/SDH Architectures & Services

  • Evolving CPE/ILEC/IXCsInfrastructure & Services
  • Inter-Office & Core Networking with SONET/SDH
  • SONET/SDH in the Feeder Section
  • Loop Section & the Last Mile
  • ADSL (Twisted Pair)
  • HFC (Coax)
  • FITL/FTTC/FTTH/FTTD (Fiber)
  • Strategies for DWDM & SONET/SDH in the 21st Century

What are the Benefits of SONET/SDH?

  • Pointers, MUX/ DEMUX
  • Reduced Back-to-Back Multiplexing
  • Optical Interconnect
  • Multipoint Configurations
  • Convergence, ATM, Video, and SONE/SDH
  • Grooming
  • Reduced Cabling and Elimination of DSX Panels
  • Enhanced OAM&P
  • Enhanced Performance Monitoring

SONET Frame Format Structure

  • STS-1 Building Block
  • STS-1 Frame Structure
  • STS-1 Envelope Capacity
  • Synchronous Payload Envelope (SPE)
  • STS-1 SPE in Interior of STS-1 Frames
  • STS-N Frame Structure
  • Overheads
  • Section Overhead Line Overhead
  • STS Path Overhead
  • VT Path Overhead
  • SONET Alarm Structure
  • Pointers
  • VT Mappings
  • Concatenated Payloads
  • Payload Pointers
  • Positive Stuffing
  • Negative Stuffing
  • Virtual Tributaries
  • STS-1 VT1.5 SPE Columns
  • DS1 Visibility
  • VT Superframe and Envelope Capacity
  • VT SPE and Payload Capacity
  • SONET Multiplexing

SONET/SDH Payloads

  • Digital and Analog Transmission Standards
  • Digital Hierarchy
  • Origin of SONET/SDH
  • Why SONET/SDH? Why DWDM and WDM?
  • SONET/SDH Signal Format
  • STS/OC
  • STS-1 Frame
  • SONET Payload Pointers
  • STS-3 SPE
  • STS-48 SPE
  • Virtual Tributaries

SONET Synchronization and Timing

  • Straturn Clock
  • Plesiochronous Clock
  • Overview of BITS

SONET/SDH Network Architecture

  • Technical Advantages
  • Redundancy
  • Layers & Functions
  • Network path, line, and section
  • Multiplexing Frame Structures/Formats
  • Ring Configurations (terminals, drops, inserts)
  • Network Synchronization (timing, modes, pointers, issues)
  • Applications & Services

SONET/SDH Network Elements

  • Terminal Multiplexer
  • Regenerator
  • Add/Drop Multiplexer
  • Digital Cross-Connects
  • Digital Loop Carrier
  • Protection and Survivability
  • SONET Rings
  • Element Managers

SONET/SDH Network Toplogies and Configurations

  • Point-to-Point
  • Point-to-Multipoint
  • Hub Architecture
  • Ring Architecture

Span Engineering

  • Engineering a SONET/SDH and DWDM link
  • What are the factors?
  • Amplifier power
  • Amplifier spacing
  • Fiber types
  • Channel count and bit rate
  • Channel Bit Rate
  • Dispersion and polarization
  • Non-linear effects

Managing SONET/SDH Networks and Services

  • Customer and Carrier Advantages
  • OAM&P
  • Multi-vendor Interoperability and Management
  • Routing
  • Event Management
  • Performance Management
  • Integrated SONET/SDH Management
  • Standards for Network and Service Management
  • SONET Rings
  • SONET/SDH Services

Introduction to DWDM

  • Optical Networking and DWDM
  • Optical Network Breakthroughs
  • Special Fibers
  • S, C and L Bands
  • Optical Components
  • Optical Spectral Filters and Gratings
  • Optical Demultiplexers
  • The Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA)
  • The Tunable Laser Diode Operating at 1550 nm
  • In-Fiber Bragg Grating
  • Light Sources
  • Optical Cross-Connects
  • Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers
  • DWDM and SONET

DWDM Components and Architecture

  • DWDM Anatomy
  • DWDM Impairments
  • DWDM Optical Amplifiers
  • DWDM Filter Modules
  • Wavelength Converters
  • Integrated DWDM Modules
  • Modal Effects
  • Scattering Effects
  • Miscellaneous Effects

SONET/SDH, IP, ATM, WDM and DWDM Integration

  • Interworking Issues and Challenges
  • Protection and Restoration
  • Network Management and Service Delivery
  • Mapping IP on SONET
  • MPLS/GMPLS
  • QoS

SYNCHRONOUS DIGITAL HIERARCHY (SDH) (Optional)

  • Basic Rates
  • Frame Structure
  • Overhead Bytes
  • STM-4, STM-16 and STM-64
  • Tributary Units (TUs)
  • SONET and SDH Compatibility

SDH Overhead

  • Regenerator Section Overhead
  • Multiplex Section Overhead
  • Higher-Order Path Overhead (VC-4/VC-3)
  • Lower-Order Path Overhead (VC-2/VC-1)
  • SDH Anomalies, Defects, Failures, and Alarms
  • SDH Error Performance Monitoring
  • SDH Pointers
  • Payload Pointers
  • Positive Pointer Justification
  • Negative Pointer Justification
  • SDH Multiplexing
  • SDH Tributary Multiplexing
  • Tributary Unit Group
  • TU Multiframe
  • TU Payload Pointer
  • Automatic Protection Switching
  • Multiplex Section Protection, K1/K2 Bytes
  • 1+1 Protection
  • 1:N Protection

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