Price: $3,999.00

Course Number: 9012
Length: 4 Days
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 Telecom Traffic Engineering Training

Telecom Traffic Engineering Training Bootcamp. What will you learn at the TONEX Traffic Engineering Training Boot Camp?

This Innovative Traffic Engineering Training Bootcamp provides a thorough coverage of the principles behind Traffic Engineering for voice, data, video and next generation networks including IP, VoIP, International Voice and Telephony, LTE, LTE Advanced, Voice over LTE (VoLTE), Voice of 5G NR (VoNR), MPLS, GMPLS, virtualized networks, SDN./NFV and other types of networks.

Telecom Traffic Engineering Training is a hands-on class with many problem solving scenarios. We also teach you how to work with QoS, performance KPIs and SLA. Using real-life examples and interactive exercises, we teach practical ways to maintain your valuable customer base, win repeat business, and measure your organization’s ability to meet customer expectations.

TONEX Traffic Engineering Training Boot Camps is an intensive learning experience that cover the essential elements of Traffic Engineering applied to traditional PSTN, Wireless, Mobile and Cellular Networks, Packet Switching, IP and MPLS, Carrier Ethernet, IMS, legacy GSM/GPRS/EDGE/CDMA/UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+, LTE, LTE Advance, LTE-Advance Pro, 5G, SATCOM, VSAT,and other networks and systems.

Traffic Engineering Training Bootcamp is ideal for busy professionals who want to stay current in the traffic engineering field but have limited time to be away from the office.

The objective of traffic engineering (TE) in telecommunication including legacy PSTN, Packet Switching, IP, MPLS , Mobile networks, Satellite Networks is to maximize the profit, i.e. the difference between revenue from user charges and the total network cost. Service guarantees, Resource management policy and Traffic models are discussed.

The constraints of TE include requirements on service performance: Quality of Service (QoS), Quality of Experience (QoE) and Grade of Service (GoS). TE relies on a relationship between models including traffic models, network models, and performance models.

Traffic Engineering involves capacity planning, capacity  management and traffic management. Capacity management can include capacity planning, routing control, and resource management. Traffic management includes traffic control functions, traffic shaping, traffic grooming, traffic policy, traffic conditioning, queue management, scheduling, and  other functions that regulate traffic flow through the network or that arbitrate access to network resources.

Tradeoff between effectiveness and simplicity TE is concerned with finding an efficient tradeoff between effectiveness (in terms of proximity to optimality) and simplicity (in terms of time and space complexity) for the TE solution.

A highly effective TE solution is desired since it means that fewer call requests needs to be rejected leading to increased revenue. Moreover, expansion of the network capacity is driven by the increase in network demand.

An effective TE solution allows longer time periods between capacity upgrades which means longer time periods for the depreciation of the capital expenditures.

Traffic Engineering Training Program combine presentations, workshops, case studies, working with a real project and discussions on real-life traffic engineering situations.

Traffic Engineering Training boot camp includes:

Experienced instructors including senior technology leaders, project managers, technical authors, engineers, educators, consultants, course developers, and CTOs.

  • Real life examples and practices.
  • Small class size.
  • Personalized instructor mentoring.
  • Pre-training discussions
  • Ongoing post-training support via e-mail, phone and WebEx.


Upon completion of this course, the participant will:

  • Have a technical understanding on the state of the telecommunications industry, the new and emerging technologies, and the direction of the industry.
  • Have a thorough understanding of the telecom traffic engineering
  • List the relevant topics associated to telecom traffic engineering including voice and IP Networking/NGN
  • Explore the management of traffic through telecommunications networks
  • Review the acronyms and jargon associated with traffic engineering
  • List the knowledge necessary to evaluate telecommunications network traffic solutions
  • Have an understanding of network design associated with traffic engineering
  • Explore traditional PSTN, and IP traffic engineering concepts for voice, data, video and other modern services 
  • Traffic Engineering Techniques in Telecom
  • Traffic Distribution and Trunk Provisioning
  • Understand Busy Hour Traffic (BHT) Measurement
  • Understand Erlang B Calculation and Erlang C Calculation
  • Understand Engest Calculation and Poisson Calculation
  • Understand Binomial Calculation Traffic Engineering With IP Routing Protocols
  • Understand VoIP Traffic Calculation
  • Have an understanding of Cable TV systems and head-end trunking
  • Have an understanding Traffic Engineering for and LTE and 5G Networks
  • Have an understanding Traffic Engineering for Modern Networks including IoT, A/VR and Smart Communities
  • Have an understanding Traffic Engineering for WiFi Networks
  • Understand what MPLS TE is
  • Explore IP Traffic Management Applications
  • Understand Measurement, Analysis, and Optimization of IP Traffic
  • IP Traffic Engineering Before MPLS
  • MPLS Traffic Engineering


Part I

Telephony, the Reform Act, PSTN, IP, NGN and Current Trends

  • Current state of telephony, mobile and IP networks
  • Trends driving the Telecommunications industry
  • The impact of Telecommunication Reform Act of 1996
  • Evolution of PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network)
  • IP and Next Generation Networks (NGN)

Traffic Engineering (TE) Principles

  • A Discussion on Traffic Engineering
  • Modeling of telecommunication systems
  • System structure
  • The operational strategy
  • Statistical properties of traffic
  • TE Models
  • TE in the telephone network
  • TE in data networks
  • LANs/WANs/MANs
  • Mobile Networks
  • TE for NGN, VoIP, IPTV, MPLS, IPv6, HSPA/HSPA+ and LTE networks
  • Traffic Engineering Standards
  • Traffic demand characterization
  • Grade of Service (GoS)
  • Traffic controls and dimensioning
  • Performance monitoring
  • Carried Traffic
  • Offered Traffic
  • Actual Offered Traffic:
  • Idle Offered Traffic
  • Traffic Assumptions
  • Traffic Engineering
  • How many sources of traffic are there?
  • What are the arrival characteristics of the traffic?
  • How are lost calls (calls that can't be serviced) handled?
  • How does the switch handle trunk allocation?
  • What is an Erlang?
  • The telecommunications unit Erlang, and it's application in teletraffic theory
  • How is Erlang B useful for trunk dimensioning?
  • How do you work out the Busy Hour Traffic?
  • Traffic System Design
  • Erlang traffic tables and explanations of various models including Erlang B, Erlang C, Engset and Poisson (Molina)
  • Dimensioning trunk groups
  • Traffic carried by that trunk group
  • Methods of optimizing the number of lines in a trunk group

Taxonomy of Traffic Engineering Systems

  • Time-Dependent Versus State-Dependent
  • Offline Versus Online
  • Centralized Versus Distributed
  • Local Versus Global
  • Prescriptive Versus Descriptive
  • Open-Loop Versus Closed-Loop
  • Tactical vs. Strategic

Types of Traffic Measurements

  • Traffic Parameters
  • Grade of Service
  • End-to-End Service Parameters
  • Traffic Intensity
  • Mean Opinion Score (MOS)
  • Queuing theory
  • Tables used to design trunk networks
  • Problems on traffic design and trunk group efficiency.
  • Fundamentals and applications of intelligent networks
  • Advanced intelligent networks
  • Wireless networks and how they differ from facility-based networks

Transmission, Cellular, IP, NGN and Voice Applications

  • Transmission systems fundamentals
  • Components and capacity
  • Analog and digital transmission principles
  • Multiplexing
  • T1 & T3 formats and applications
  • Data communications
  • The Internet
  • TCP/IP fundamentals
  • xDSL and Cable Modems fundamentals
  • Frame Relay fundamentals
  • ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) fundamentals
  • Fiber Optic networks
  • SONET standards, ring architecture and network survivability
  • DWDM fundamentals
  • VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol)
  • VToA (Voice Technology over ATM)
  • Video technology
  • Worldwide TV standards
  • Cable TV systems and head-end trunking
  • Traffic Engineering for GSM/GPRS/EDGE, UMTS and LTE Networks
  • Traffic Engineering for 5G Networks

IP Network Traffic Engineering

  • What is IP Traffic Engineering?
  • Context of Internet Traffic Engineering
  • Network Context
  • Problem Context
  • Congestion and its Ramifications
  • Solution Context
  • Combating the Congestion Problem
  • Implementation and Operational Context
  • Management of IP traffic to ensure effective and efficient use of resources
  • IP networks and various routing protocols
  • Effective and stable network operation
  • The concepts of Autonomous Systems as well as BGP4 and OSPF operation
  • Effective establishment of VPN (Virtual Private Networks)
  • Overheads such as security effects on typical IP operationTraffic Engineering Process Model
  • Components of the Traffic Engineering Process Model
  • Measurement
  • Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation
  • Optimization
  • Collecting the existing voice traffic data
  • Categorizing the traffic by groups
  • Determining the number of physical trunks required to meet the traffic
  • Determining the proper mix of trunks
  • Converting the number of erlangs of traffic to packets or cells per second
  • Peg counts for calls offered, calls abandoned, and all trunks busy
  • Grade of Service (GoS) rating for trunk groups
  • Handling Lost VoIP Calls
  • VoIP and IPTV Traffic Engineering
  • MPLS Traffic Engineering

Overview of Other IETF Projects Related to Traffic Engineering

  • Integrated Services
  • RSVP
  • Differentiated Services
  • MPLS
  • IP Performance Metrics
  • Flow Measurement
  • Endpoint Congestion Management
  • Overview of ITU Activities Related to Traffic Engineering
  • Content Distribution

MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE)

  • What is MPLS?
  • Label Distribution
  • Explicit Routes
  • Constrained Routes
  • Resource Reservation
  • Traffic Engineering
  • Service Level Contracts
  • Virtual Private Networks
  • Meeting the Needs of the Modern Network
  • Basic Introduction To CR-LDP
  • Basic Introduction To Labels Extensions To RSVP
  • Comparative Analysis
  • Availability of Transport Protocol
  • Traffic Control
  • Policy Control
  • QoS and Diff-Serv
  • Analysis of the similarities and differences between the two primary MPLS label distribution protocols:
  • RSVP and CR-LDP

Part II Probability Theory and Statistics

  • Distribution functions
  • Characterization of distributions
  • Residual lifetime
  • Forward recurrence time
  • Combination of random variables
  • Random variables in series
  • Random variables in parallel
  • Stochastic sum

Time Interval Distributions

  • Exponential distribution
  • Steep distributions
  • Flat distributions
  • Cox distributions
  • Other time distributions
  • Heavy-tailed distributions
  • Observations of life time distribution

Arrival Processes

  • Description of point processes
  • Characteristics of point process
  • Little's theorem

The Poisson process

  • Characteristics of the Poisson process
  • Distributions of the Poisson process
  • Properties of the Poisson process
  • Generalization of the stationary Poisson process
  • Erlang's loss system and B-formula
  • Poisson distribution
  • Truncated Poisson distribution
  • Standard procedures for state transition diagrams
  • Principles of dimensioning

Loss systems with full accessibility

  • Binomial Distribution
  • Engset distribution
  • Evaluation of Engset's formula
  • Relationships between E, B, and C
  • Pascal Distribution (Negative Binomial)
  • Truncated Pascal distribution

Overflow theory

  • Wilkinson-Bretschneider's equivalence method
  • Parcel blocking probabilities
  • Fredericks & Hayward's equivalence method
  • Other methods based on state space
  • Generalized arrival processes

Dimensioning of telecommunication and IP networks

  • Traffic matrices
  • Topologies
  • Routing principles
  • Approximate end-to-end calculations methods
  • Exact end-to-end calculation methods
  • Load control and service protection
  • Moe's principle

Delay Systems

  • Erlang's delay system
  • Traffic characteristics of delay systems
  • Erlang's C-formula
  • Mean queue lengths
  • Mean waiting times
  • Moe's principle for delay systems
  • Palm's machine repair model
  • Optimizing the machine-repair model

Applied Queuing Theory

  • Classification of queuing models
  • General results in the queuing theory
  • Pollaczek-Khintchine's formula for M/G/1
  • Priority queuing systems: M/G/1
  • Queuing systems with constant holding times
  • General results

Networks of Queues

  • Introduction to queuing networks
  • Symmetric queuing systems
  • Jackson's theorem
  • Single chain queuing networks
  • BCMP queuing networks
  • Multidimensional queuing networks
  • Closed queuing networks with multiple chains
  • Other algorithms for queuing networks
  • Complexity
  • Optimal capacity allocation

Traffic Measurements

  • Measuring principles and methods
  • Continuous measurements
  • Discrete measurements
  • Theory of sampling
  • Continuous measurements in an unlimited period
  • Scanning method in an unlimited time period
  • Numerical example

Practical IP Traffic Engineering Management

  • IP Traffic Engineering for Carrier Networks
  • IP Traffic Engineering Configuration
  • The DiffServ and Inteserv Architectures
  • DiffServ and IP Packets
  • DiffServ-Aware Traffic Engineering (DS-TE)
  • Resource-Reservation Protocol (RSVP)
  • MPLS Traffic Engineering
  • IP Traffic Engineering Before MPLS
  • Path Calculation and Setup
  • Forwarding Traffic Down Tunnels
  • Quality of Service with MPLS TE
  • The DiffServ Architecture
  • Traffic Engineering (DS-TE)
  • Protection and Restoration
  • MPLS TE Management
  • Network Design with MPLS TE
  • DiffServ and IP Packets
  • DiffServ and MPLS Packets
  • Label Stack Treatment
  • Tunnel Modes
  • Forwarding DS-TE Traffic Down a Tunnel

Part III - WORKSHOP (Hands-on Traffic Engineering Labs)

  • Lab 1: Voice - Erlang B Calculator The Erlang B Calculator can be used to work out how many lines you need for a trunk group if you know the Busy Hour Traffic which the trunk group is offered.
  • Lab 2: Lines to IP Bandwidth Calculator The Lines and IP Bandwidth Calculator can be used to estimate the bandwidth required through an IP based network for a fixed number of voice paths.
  • Lab 3: Call Center Calculator Our Call Centre Calculator, which can be used to estimate how many call center agents you require for each hour of an eight hour day, and how many trunks you need.
  • Lab 4: Call Minutes Calculator The Call Minutes Calculator uses the number of minutes of traffic a trunk group is offered in one day to work out the number of required lines.
  • Lab 5: Erlangs to VoIP Bandwidth Calculator The Erlangs and Bandwidth Calculator can be used to estimate the bandwidth which must be provided through an IP based to satisfactorily transport a given busy hour traffic level.
  • Lab 6: Extended Erlang B Calculator The Extended Erlang B Calculator is similar to the Erlang B Calculator but takes retries into account. It can be applied to trunk groups from which no overflow facilities exist.
  • Lab 7: Erlang C Calculator The Erlang C Calculator can be used to estimate how many agents are required in a call centre, if the quantity and length of incoming calls are known.
  • Lab 8: Engset Calculator The Engset Calculator can be used to work out how many lines you need for a trunk group if you know the Busy Hour Traffic which the trunk group is offered. It should be used instead of the Erlang B Calculator when the number of traffic sources is finite (less than ten times the number of lines).
  • Lab 9: IP Bandwidth Calculato rThe IP Bandwidth Calculator can be used to estimate the bandwidth required for data through an IP based network.
  • Lab 10: IP based TV and Video Bandwidth Calculator The Video Bandwidth Calculator can be used to estimate the bandwidth required for video and TV services through an IP based network.
  • Lab 11: LTE and 5G Traffic Engineering Calculation: The Voice, Data, Video and Advanced IoT, AR/VR, 8K TV over 5G, Autonomous Driving Bandwidth Calculator can be used to estimate the bandwidth required for video and TV services through an IP based network.
  • Lab 12: Video Traffic Calculations: Cable, DSL and 5G Mobile Apps, FaceTime, WhatsApp Traffic Calculations

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