Length: 2 Days
Water Desalination and Purification Technology Training
Water Desalination and Purification Technology Training covers many aspects of water supply challenges facing the World, and areas of water desalination and purification technologies that may lead to technological solutions to these challenges.
Having access to drinking water is a global problem. In the US, California, Nevada, New Mexico and other desert states are facing sever drought, which makes drinking water scarce and precious. The situation is no better in other countries located in desert areas of the glob such as some parts of Middle East or Africa. Overall, more than 1 billion people in the world do not have access to clean potable water.
Water desalination technology converts the un-drinkable brackish water or seawater into drinkable water. However, it has to be done with minimum cost and energy use in order to be feasible and sustainable.
The water desalination and purification training course is designed to give you sufficient knowledge about desalination and filtration processes. It also teaches you the fundamental thermodynamics and transfer phenomena, which govern the production of water out of brackish or seawater.
The water desalination and purification training course discusses the characteristics of the seawater and brackish water. The course introduces you to thermal technologies, nano-filtration, osmosis, reverse-osmosis, electrodialysis, distillation, and desalination processes.
The water desalination and purification training course also discusses the associated costs of desalination and gives you a good perspective about the techniques and strategies could be applied to reduce the costs.
To sum up, the water desalination and purification training course gives you a good understanding in scientific, engineering, and management aspects of desalination, from the chemistry of water to the process and cost analysis of water purification.
The water desalination and purification training course is suitable for all the individuals willing to gain more detailed understanding of how desalination works and what is the science behind it. It also is useful for the developers and contractors looking for new methods in order to make the existing desalination plants sustainable and cost effective.
Upon completion of water desalination and purification training course, the attendees will be able to:
- Recognize the difference between the chemistry and characteristics of the seawater and fresh water.
- Understand different thermal technologies such as multistage flash, distillation, and vapor compression.
- Understand different membrane technologies such as osmosis, reverse-osmosis, electrodialysis, and nano-filtration.
- Design the desalination process.
- Anticipate and avoid potential problems can occur during the desalination process, such as corrosion, fouling, etc.
- Evaluate alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, and nuclear in order to make the plants sustainable.
- Recognize the environmental impacts of desalination.
- Evaluate the costs and economics of desalination systems.
Water desalination and purification training course consists of the following lessons, which can be revised and tailored to the client’s need:
- Introduction to water supplies
- Why desalination?
- Global drinking water shortage
- What is water salinity?
- Who are the potential users of the desalinated water?
- Some examples of the existing desalination processes
Characteristics of seawater and fresh water
- Salinity concentration
- Molality and molarity
Fundamental of thermodynamics of desalination
- Introduction to basic principals of thermodynamics
- Free energy
- Chemical potential
- Principals of phase transfer
- Fundamentals of separation process
- Gibbs energy
- Chemical activity
- Thermal desalination
- Multistage flash
- Multiple effect
- Vapor compression
Introduction to thermal desalination
- What is GOR?
- Basics of heat transfer
- Enthalpy diagrams
- Thermal process equations of MSF, MED, and VC
Electrodialysis: Concept, Designs, and Economics
- Fundamentals of electrodialysis
- Water-salts mass transfer equations
- Transfer mechanism and kinetics
- Design parameters and equations
- Pre- and post-treatment
- Potential problems
- Costs and economics
Sustainability of desalination plants
- Alternative energy sources: solar, wind, hydro
- Link to power plants
- Hybrid plants
Environmental impacts and economics of desalination plants
- Costs analysis and economics
- Environmental impacts