Price: $1,999.00

Length: 2 Days
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5G NR Training

As carriers roll out 5G technology across the U.S., it’s important to understand that the development of the 5G NR (5G New Radio) was the  key to enabling the 5G mobile communications system to work.

5G NR was developed from scratch by the standard’s organization 3GPP by taking the requirements and looking at the best technologies and techniques that would be available when 5G began to be deployed.

5G NR utilizes modulation, waveforms and access technologies that enable the system to meet the needs of high data rate services, those needing low latency and those needing small data rates and long battery lifetimes among others.

3GPP first made its presence known 20 years ago when it helped define worldwide standards for 3G cellular networks.

The 3GPP creates what are called Release Documents every few years that define some of the core capabilities of next generation wireless networks. The current release document is called Release 15, and it came out in June 2019 with many important new advances, including the full definition of the 5G NR (New Radio) standard, which forms the foundation of 5G service.

The next 3GPP document, Release 16, is expected to be released in June 2020. Chief among its additions is the completion of 5G specifications, as well as enhancements to many early capabilities for 5G standalone mode, including URLLC (Ultra-Reliable and Low Latency Communication), V2X Phase 3 for automotive applications and more.

There’s even a Release 17 on the drawing board, which will likely incorporate enhancements for the Internet of Things (IoT) and many of the other more advanced, non-smartphone applications that have been discussed for 5G.

Release 17 could be released in 2021.

Besides setting standards, 3GPP has been instrumental in bridging the gaps between older and newer technologies. For example, The accelerated transition from LTE to 5G NR has been enabled by the dual mode capability of mobile devices that connect to both LTE networks and 5G base stations, enabling the use of 4G/5G devices.

3GPP defines three broad areas of use for 5G NR:

  1. Enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) for intensive applications like HD streaming video, gaming and other streaming uses.
  2. Ultra-reliable and low-latency communications (uRLLC) for critical applications like command and control functions in autonomous vehicles and remote control in healthcare and manufacturing services.
  3. Massive machine type communications (mMTC) supporting massive IoT, connecting millions of new, low-powered devices at a huge scale.

5G NR’s Release 15 outlines several groups of new spectrum specifically for NR deployments. These range in frequency from 2.5 GHz to 40 GHz. Two bands being targeted for more immediate deployment are in the regions of 3.3 GHz to 3.8 GHz and 4.4 GHz to 5.0 GHz.

The 5G NR specifications were fast tracked to meet the rapid evolution of 5G the idea to 5G the reality.

5G utilizes OFDM (orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing), a waveform modulation technique also used by both LTE and IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi).

The technology gives 5G enhanced flexibility for a multitude of use cases, enabling it to support diverse spectrum bands, including mmWave bands with far higher available bandwidth, through the use of specialized technologies like scalable subcarrier spacing and massive MIMO, absolutely necessary for the implementation of radio beam steering and forming to mitigate propagation challenges in mmWave communications.

The waveform principle of OFDM is a digital multi-carrier modulation method in which a large number of closely spaced orthogonal sub-carrier signals are used to carry data on several parallel streams or channels. This means that information is transmitted across a number of parallel, narrow bands instead of a single wide band.

Another 5G NR basic, beamforming, is a technology that has become a reality in recent years and it offers to provide some significant advantages to 5G. Beamforming enables the beam from the base station to be directed toward the mobile. In this way the optimum signal can be transmitted to the mobile and received from it, whilst also cutting interference to other mobiles.

5G NR Training Course by Tonex

5G NR Training is a 2-day technical course covering all aspects of 5G New Radio (NR) air interface, protocols, operations and procedures. Participants will learn about the real 5G networks and 5G NR.

Learning Objectives

Upon completing this course, attendees will be able to:

  • Understand the basics of 5G NR (New Radio)
  • List basic 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 5G New Radio (NR) features and capabilities
  • List the relevant innovations and technologies for 5G NR
  • Compare and Contrast Non-standalone 5G NR and Standalone 5G NR specifications
  • List 5G NR air interface, protocols, operations and procedures
  • Explain the different deployment scenarios for 5G NR
  • Describe the underlying technologies and protocols related to 5G NR
  • Compare and contrast 3GPP and Verizon 5G TF (Verizon 5th Generation Radio Access)
  • Explain the future technology and application trends in 5G NR

Course Outline

5G NR (New Radio)

  • Foundation of next generation cellular networks
  • 5G device-types, services, deployments and spectrum
  • 5G New Radio (NR)
  • 5G NR specification called 5G Phase 1
  • 3GPP specifications of 5G New Radio
  • Phase One Non StandAlone (NSA) mode
  • 5G radio service “anchored” in the LTE Evolved Packet Core
  • Second phase StandAlone mode
  • 5G radio networks anchored by new 5G cores
  • User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception
  • Non-Standalone 5G NR operation
  • Range 1 Standalone
  • Range 2 Standalone
  • Range 1 and Range 2 Interworking operation with other radios
  • 5G NR Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception
  • 5G NR Requirements for support of radio resource management
  • Mobile broadband utilizing millimeter-wave (mmWave) bands above 24 GHz.
  • Massive MIMO and advanced antenna technologies
  • 3D beamforming to enhance coverage and capacity
  • Advanced coding
  • Grant-free transmissions
  • Resource Spread Multiple Access (RSMA)
  • Non-orthogonal waveforms (NOMA)
  • Non-terrestrial networks
  • Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V)
  • Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X)
  • Integrated Backhaul Access (IAB)

Radio Access Architecture and Interfaces

  • Radio access technology Physical layer aspects
  • Separation of NR Control Plane (CP) and User Plane (UP) for split option 2
  • Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) for NR
  • 5G NR bands
  • Low bands below 1 GHz: longer range for e.g. mobile broadband and massive IoT
  • 600 MHz, 700 MHz, 850/900 MHz
  • Mid bands 1 GHz to 6 GHz: wider bandwidths for e.g., eMBB and mission-critical
  • New frequency range for NR (3.3-4.2 GHz)
  • New frequency range for NR (4.4-4.99 GHz)
  • High bands above 24 GHz (mmWave): extreme bandwidths
  • New frequency range for NR (24.25-29.5 GHz)
  • Channel model for frequencies from 0.5 to 100 GHz

5G NR: NG-RAN Architecture Description            

  • NG general aspects and principles
  • NG layer 1
  • NG signaling transport
  • NG Application Protocol (NGAP)
  • NG data transport
  • Xn general aspects and principles
  • Xn layer 1
  • Xn signaling transport
  • Xn Application Protocol (XnAP)
  • Xn data transport
  • NR user plane protocol
  • NR Positioning Protocol A
  • E1 general aspects and principles
  • E1 layer 1
  • E1 signaling transport
  • E1 Application Protocol (E1AP)
  • F1 general aspects and principles
  • F1 layer 1
  • F1 signaling transport
  • F1 Application Protocol (F1AP)
  • F1 data transport
  • F1 interface user plane protocol

5G NR Physical Layer General Description           

  • Services provided by the physical layer
  • Physical channels and modulation
  • Multiplexing and channel coding
  • Physical layer procedures for control
  • Physical layer procedures for data
  • Physical layer measurements

5G NR Physical Layer Details

  • General description of Layer 1
  • General protocol architecture
  • Multiple access
  • Physical channels and modulation
  • Channel coding
  • Physical layer procedures
  • Physical layer measurements
  • structure of physical layer specification
  • Physical layer; General description
  • Physical layer services provided by the physical layer
  • Physical channels and modulation
  • Multiplexing and channel coding
  • Physical layer procedures for control
  • Physical layer procedures for data
  • Physical layer measurements

User Equipment (UE) Radio Transmission and Reception

  • Part 1: Range Standalone
  • Operating bands and channel arrangement
  • UE channel bandwidth
  • Channel Arrangement
  • Transmitter characteristics
  • Transmitter power
  • UE maximum output power
  • Part 2: Range 2 Standalone
  • Operating bands
  • Channel bandwidth Channel arrangement
  • Transmitter characteristics
  • Transmitter power
  • Output power dynamics
  • Transmit signal quality
  • Output RF spectrum emissions
  • Receiver characteristics
  • Diversity characteristics
  • Reference sensitivity power level
  • Adjacent Channel Selectivity
  • Blocking characteristics
  • Spurious response

5G NR L2 and L3 Protocols

  • User Equipment (UE) procedures in idle mode and in RRC Inactive state
  • NG Radio Access Network (NG-RAN)
  • Functional specification of User Equipment (UE) positioning in NG-RAN
  • User Equipment (UE) radio access capabilities
  • Requirements on User Equipment (UEs) supporting a release-independent frequency band
  • Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification
  • Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol specification
  • Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) specification
  • Radio Resource Control (RRC); Protocol specification

User Equipment (UE) Conformance Specification

  • Common test environment
  • User Equipment (UE) conformance specification
  • Common Implementation Conformance Statement (ICS) proforma
  • 5G NR UE Radio transmission and reception Part 1: Range 1 Standalone
  • 5G NR UE Radio transmission and reception Part 1: Range 2 Standalone
  • 5G NR UE Radio transmission and reception Part 3: NR interworking between NR range1 and NR range2; and between NR and LTE
  • 5G NR UE Radio transmission and reception; Part 4: Performance
  • NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Applicability of RF and RRM test cases
  • Implementation Conformance Statement (ICS) proforma specification
  • UE conformance specification Test Suites
  • 5G NR UE Radio Resource Management (RRM)

3GPP vs Verizon 5GTF

  • Verizon 5G Technical Forum (5GTF),
  • Mass adoption of mmWave technologies
  • 28GHz millimeter wave (mmWave) setups for fixed wireless
  • Non-line of sight (NLOS) connections over mmWave
  • Verizon 5GTF standard for initial 5G fixed wireless service
  • AWS-3 spectrum for 4G and refarming PCS spectrum for 4G use
  • Verizon sub-carrier spacing of 75 kHz
  • 3GPP’s subcarrier spacing for 5G New Radio (NR): 15 kHz, 30 kHz, 60 kHz, 120 kHz
  • Verizon 5GTF multi-user MIMO
  • Full bandwidth and real-time processing of eight component carriers at 28 GHz.
  • Phased-array antenna technology and hybrid beamforming

Workshop and Deep Dive Activities coverage

Physical Layer Procedures

  • Channel sounding, Beam Sweeping, Beamforming configuration vs port, MIMO spatial multiplexing, Transmit diversity, CDD
  • Physical layer channels, modulation, multiplexing, channel coding, spreading
  • Physical Layer configuration modes: Frequency carrier (cm wave, mm wave band), type of antenna (active, passive, hybrid beamforming), type of covered area (Macro vs Micro cell), and CSI codebook

5G NR Validation

  • Active array antenna product designs in the 26 GHz band
  • Phased arrays at mmWave frequencies over-the-air (OTA) testing
  • Spatial beam measurements: Sidelobe levels, dynamic beam characteristics, and spatial variations of EVM and ACPR
  • Nokia and Qualcomm wrap up 5G NR foundation testing: Nokia AirScale base station and Qualcomm’s 5G NR UE prototypes


5G NR Training

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