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Introduction to 5G

The 5G landscape continues to evolve.

After its initial U.S. launch in 2019, 5G technology has steadily been making its way across America while offering improved services.

In 2022, 5G analysts believe businesses and consumers will begin to experience many of 5G advanced qualities from Standalone (SA) 5G. This includes improvements to latency and upload performance.

Expect to see upload performance enhancements driven by the implementation of carrier aggregation where it allows operators to migrate uplink and control channels to lower-frequency bands, thereby expanding the reach and capacity of 5G networks, as well as the introduction of 256QAM and MIMO for uplink connections.

But there’s much more than speed to the 5G evolution. Release 16 brings about additional capabilities in terms of latency and density. This year, 5G technology will go beyond pockets of high-speed mobile broadband to deliver low latency, high density, industry specific applications that make use of cloud and edge technologies to deliver widely available and immersive 5G consumer capabilities.

Additionally, 2022 is expected to see work start on defining 5G-Advanced (Release 18), while further spectrum will be assigned for 5G use, new networks rolled out (including private 5G) as well as testing and deployment of Open RAN, standalone (SA) 5G, mmWave, and use of the public cloud.

All of this investment stems from the fact that 5G has been deemed to be a transformative technology.

There has also been considerable attention given from vendors and operators as they look to optimize network energy use and this will continue to be a key focus point for 2022 and beyond.

While 5G itself is more efficient than 4G per unit of traffic (90% according to a joint study by Nokia & Telefonica), the sheer level of traffic it will support is projected to increase total network energy consumption by approximately 160% by 2030 according to ABI Research.

With energy costs at record highs globally and the environmental impact of related emissions rising (despite on-going moves to decarbonize energy grids), the need to make 5G networks more energy efficient is only increasing.

Introduction to 5G Course by Tonex

Introduction to 5G is a 2-day training course covering next-generation of mobile networks beyond the 4G LTE mobile networks. Gain a working knowledge of 5G networking and communications standard. In this course, discover all you need to know to effectively plan, develop or use 5G in your applications. Understand the important concepts and requirements set forth by the 5G.

What You Will Learn

Participants will learn about 5G technology defined by 3GPP. With coverage of use cases, architecture, interfaces, protocols including business cases for Enhanced Mobile broadband (eMBB), Ultra-reliable low latency Communications and Massive IoT.

The goal of this practical course is to give the participant a strong and intuitive understanding of what 5G including 5G NR, 5G Core (5GC), Cloud RAN, MEC, slicing, Service Based Architecture (SBA), HTTP2/JSON, REST API, security, QoS, charging and policy.

5G is the existing today. The vision of 5G is becoming clearer and most experts say 5G will feature network speeds that are blazingly fast at 20 Gbps or higher and have low latency at mere milliseconds. The entire 5G approach takes advantage of containers, virtualization, SDN and NFV.

Course Outline/Agenda

Introduction to Mobile Technology and 5G

  • Overview of Mobile Networks
  • Mobile Network Evolution: 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G
  • Overview of 4G LTE
  • 5G Use Cases and Applications
  • 5G vs 4G
  • 5G Network Architecture (RAN, Mobile Core and IP Connectivity)
  • 5G New Radio (NR)
  • 5G Bands
  • 5G Standards (3GPP)

Introduction to 5G Core Architecture

  • Overview of 5G Standalone (SA) and 5G Non-Stand Alone (5G NSA)
  • Overview of 5G Core Service Based Architecture (SBA)
  • Evolution of 4G LTE EPC
  • AMF, SMF, NSSF, AMF, NEF, AF, NRF, AUSF, UDR/UDM and PCF
  • Overview of Network Slicing
  • SDN and NFV in 5G
  • IMS integration
  • Multi-Operator Core Networks (MOCN)
  • Multi-Access Edge Computing (MEC)

Introduction to 5G New Radio (5G NR)

  • 5G RAN Architecture
  • 5G Frequency Bands defined by 3GPP
  • 5G New Radio Spectrums
  • SUB 1-GHz
  • 5G NR Midband
  • mmWaves (millimeter waves)
  • Sectors in New Radio
  • Beamforming
  • MIMO and Massive MIO
  • MU-MIMO

Overview of 5G Radio Access Network (RAN) Architecture

  • Evolution of eNodeB: Baseband Unit (BBU) and Remote Radio Head (RRH)
  • gNB (gNodeB)
  • 5G NR gNodeB Functional Split : CU DU Split
  • Control Unit (CU), Distributed Unit (DU) and Remote Unit (RU)
  • BBU/REC/RCC/C-RAN/V-RAN
  • RRH/RRU/RE/RU.
  • Front/mid Haul Architecture
  • Overview of Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI)
  • Centralized Radio Access Network (C-RAN)
  • Cloud-RAN
  • Using Unlicensed Spectrum
  • Integration with Wi-Fi
  • LTE-U and LAA
  • New Radio Unlicensed (NR-U)
  • Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS)
  • CBRS Frequency Bands
  • Private LTE and Private 5G Networks

Overview of 5G Protocol Stack

  • 5G Protocol Stack – User Plane/Control Plane
  • 5G NR Physical Layer
  • 5G NR MAC Layer
  • 5G NR RLC Layer
  • 5G NR PDCP Layer
  • HTTP/2
  • JSON

IoT and 5G Applications Scenarios

  • A Brief Overview of 5G and IoT
  • IoT Characteristics
  • IoT Application Characteristics
  • Massive IoT, Broadband IoT, Critical IoT, Industrial Automation IoT and Cellular IoT (CIoT)
  • Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC)
  • Characteristics and 5G IoT Solutions

5G Network Slice

  • Slice Architecture
  • Network Functions Virtualization (NFV)
  • Role of Software Defined Networking (SDN)
  • Core Slicing
  • RAN Slicing
  • O-RAN Architecture
  •  OpenRAN
  • vRAN

5G Business Case Studies

  • 5G Digital Platforms
  • Edge Computing
  • Private 5G
  • Communication Platform as a Service (CPaS)
  • Digital Services
  • IoT : NB IoT
  • IoT Analytics
  • Analytics (AI/ML)
  • Security As a Service
  • Cloud / Software as a Service

Introduction to 5G

 

 

 

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