Price: $2,999.00
Length: 3 Days
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LTE Location Based Services Training

LTE Location Based Services Training course covers Location Based Services (LBS) defined for 3GPP LTE. Learn how to use the location of the UE for commercial applications, public safety, emergency services (E911,) and infotainment such as map services or local advertising/information.

Assisted Global Positioning System (AGPS)  assists GPS-enabled LTE UE to improve the performance of their GPS receivers by providing it with assistance information providing the highest accuracy method and technique. AGPS method lacks reliability in indoors, dense urban or high-rise building. In a hybrid method, AGPS can be supplemented with other available techniques such as Observed Time Difference of Arrival (OTDOA) or Enhanced Cell ID (ECID) described below.

In LTE networks, a UE  can  typically be localized to its serving eNode B (eNB) to the specific cell or sector within the eNB. This method has the lowest accuracy but easy to implement, highly scalable, reliable and available.

If the UE position is localized to a finer level compared to CID, additional radio-related measurements have to be used. The eCID method has low accuracies depending on the size of the cell and area, but an easy method is easy to implement.

LTE Observed Time Difference of Arrival (OTDOA) method in the other hand uses the measured timing of downlink signals received from multiple eNBs to locate the UE according to the neighboring eNBs. OTDOA can be supplement AGPS in dense urban and indoor areas where UE can detect position reference signals (PRS) from three or more eNBs.

Uplink time difference-of-arrival (UTDOA) is a newer method and technique offering minimal impact on air interface resources.

Upon completion of LTE Location Based Services Training course, the attendees  will be able to:

  • Describe what Location Based Services are
  • List the 3GPP Location Based Services requirements and capabilities
  • List the requirements of Location Based Services in LTE
  • Illustrate the network architecture of LTE Location Based Services
  • Explore LTE architecture enhancements to support Location Based Services (LBS)
  • Describe similarities and differences between A-GNSS, Downlink (OTDOA), Enhanced Cell ID (eCID) and Uplink (UTDOA)

LTE Location Based Services is designed for analysts, planners and  engineers and non-engineers.

TONEX LTE Location Based Services Training course covers many location technologies for LTE including:

  • 3GPP Location Based Services (LBS)
  • LTE Location Based Services Principles
  • LTE LBS System Operation
  • Node and network elements in LTE Location Based Services
  • Satellite Based Positioning
  • Assisted Global Positioning System (AGPS)
  • Autonomous and Assisted Global Navigation Satellite Systems (A-GNSS)
  • GPS and GLONASS
  • UE assistance information
  • Reference time
  • Visible satellite list
  • Reference position
  • Satellite ephemeris
  • Cell ID (CID)
  • enhanced Cell ID (eCID)
  • Hybrid Methods
  • Hybrid-GNSS
  • GNSS + Mobile Radio Cellular Positioning like OTDOA
  • Reliability for indoors, dense urban and  high-rise building environments
  • AGPS with OTDOA or eCID
  • UE and Mobile Radio Cellular Positioning
  • Observed Time Difference of Arrival (OTDOA)
  • Control Plane (C-Plane) and User Plane (U-Plane) session handling
  • LPP, SUPL 2.0
  • Timing Advance (TDAV)
  • Round Trip Time (RTT)
  • Reference Signal Time Difference (RSTD) measurement
  • TDOA measurement based on hyperbolas
  • Reference Signal Time Difference (RSTD)
  • Positioning Reference Signals (PRS)

Introduction to Location Based Services

  • What are Location Based Services (LBS)?
  • General Description of Location Based Services
  • Public Safety Services
  • Emergency Services
  • Commercial Services
  • Accuracy requirements
  • UE Positioning for Location Based Services
  • 3GPP Location Service (LCS)
  • Traditional methods
  • Global Positioning System
  • Received Signal Strength
  • Timing Advance
  • Angle of Arrival
  • Time of Arrival
  • Observed Time Difference
  • Generic LCS Logical Architecture
  • 3GPP LCS Network Architecture in GERAN, UTRAN and LTE

LTE  Location-Based Services (LBS)

  • LTE System Architecture
  • LTE Protocols
  • General aspects of LTE positioning
  • Principles of LTE Location Based Services
  • Global Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Assisted Global Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Issues with A-GNSS
  • General aspects of LTE
  • E-UTRA positioning network architecture
  • Location Service Client (LCS)
  • LCS Server (LS)
  • LCS Target
  • Supported positioning methods in LTE
  • A-GNSS
  • Downlink (OTDOA)
  • Enhanced Cell ID
  • Uplink (UTDOA)
  • RF Pattern Matching
  • UE-based Method
  • UE-assisted Method
  • eNB-assisted Method
  • OTDOA (Observed Time Difference of Arrival )
  • Reference Signal Time Difference (RSTD) measurement
  • Positioning Reference Signals (PRS)
  • eCID – Enhanced Cell ID
  • Timing Advance (TDAV), Round Trip Time (RTT)
  • Angle-of-Arrival (AoA) measurement

LTE Positioning Technologies

  • Cell ID and Enhanced Cell ID
  • Assisted Global Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Observed Time Difference of Arrival
  • Positioning Architecture in LTE Networks
  • LTE Positioning Protocol
  • Control Plane Positioning
  • User Plane Positioning
  • Area Event Triggering
  • Emergency Positioning
  • Support for Multi-Location Technologies

3GPP Location Services Categories

  • Main concepts
  • Timing Advance (TA)
  • Time of Arrival (TOA) positioning mechanism
  • Enhanced Observed Time Difference (E-OTD) positioning mechanism
  • 45 Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning mechanism
  • Positioning methods
  • Standard LCS Methods in UTRAN
  • Standard LCS Methods in GERAN
  • Standard LCS Methods in E-UTRAN

Overview of LTE Positioning Terminology

  • A-GPS (Assisted GPS)
  • CID or Cell-ID (positioning method)
  • CID or Cell-ID (positioning method)
  • E-CID or Enhanced Cell-ID (positioning method)
  • E-CID or Enhanced Cell-ID (positioning method)
  • Enhanced Observed Time Difference (E-OTD)
  • Enhanced Observed Time Difference (E-OTD)
  • LCS Application Protocol (LCS-AP)
  • LCS-AP (LCS Application Protocol)
  • LP (LTE Positioning Protocol)
  • MO-LR (Mobile Originated Location Request)
  • MT-LR (Mobile Terminated Location Request)
  • NI-LR (Network Induced Location Request)
  • OTDOA (Observed Time Difference of Arrival)
  • OTDOA (Observed Time Difference Of Arrival)
  • PMD (Pseudonym mediation device functionality)
  • PPR (Privacy Profile Register)
  • R-GMLC (Requesting-Gateway Mobile Location Centre)
  • SUPL (Secure User Plane Location)
  • TA (Timing Advanced)
  • U-TDOA (Uplink Time Difference Of Arrival)
  • UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator)
  • WGS (World Geodetic System)

LTE Positioning System Nodes

  • Supported positioning methods in LTE
  • E-UTRAN (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network)
  • MLC (Mobile Location Center)
  • E-SMLC (Evolved Serving Mobile Location Centre)
  • GML (Gateway Mobile Location Center)
  • GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)
  • H-GMLC (Home-Gateway Mobile Location Centre)
  • LCS (Location Services)
  • MLC (Mobile Location Center)
  • MLP (Mobile Location Protocol)
  • MPC (Mobile Positioning Center)
  • Role of Mobile Management Entity (MME)
  • SET (SUPL Enabled Terminal)
  • SLP (SUPL Location Platform)
  • V-GMLC (Visited-Gateway Mobile Location Centre)

Location Services (LCS) architecture

  • LCS access interfaces
  • LCS Functional diagram, high level functions
  • LCS Client functional group
  • External Location Client Function (LCF)
  • LCS Server functional group
  • Client handling component
  • Location Client Control Function (LCCF)
  • Location Client Authorization Function (LCAF)
  • Access Subfunction
  • Subscription Subfunction
  • Location Client Co-ordinate Transformation Function (LCCTF)
  • Location Client Zone Transformation Function (LCZTF)
  • System handling component
  • Location System Control Function(LSCF)
  • Location System Billing Function (LSBF)
  • Location System Operations Function (LSOF)
  • Location System Broadcast Function (LSBcF)
  • Location System Co-ordinate Transformation Function (LSCTF)
  • Location IMS – Interworking Function (LIMS-IWF)
  • Subscriber handling Component
  • Location Subscriber Authorization Function (LSAF)
  • Location Subscriber Translation Function (LSTF)
  • Location Subscriber Privacy Function (LSPF)
  • Positioning components
  • Information Flows between Client and Server
  • Location Service Request
  • Location Service Response
  • Information Flows between LCS Servers
  • Location Service Request
  • Location Service Response
  • Optimized Lgd Procedure
  • Schematic functional description of LCS operations
  • Allocation of LCS functions to network elements
  • Functional description of LCS per network element
  • Access Network
  • LCS Clients, LCS applications and Requestors
  • Gateway Mobile Location Centre, GMLC
  • Location Retrieval Function, LRF
  • LCS support in the UE
  • Privacy Profile Register, PPR
  • Pseudonym Mediation Device, PMD
  • Mobility Management Entity, MME
  • Evolved Serving Mobile Location Centre, E-SMLC
  • Addressing the target UE for LCS purposes
  • Verinyms for the target UE
  • Pseudonyms for the target UE
  • Non-dialable callback numbers
  • Quality of Service Information
  • LCS QoS Class
  • Best Effort Class
  • Assured Class

LTE Positioning Protocols

  • LPP ( Location Positioning Protocol)
  • C-Plane LPP
  • U-Place RRLP/LPP
  • LPP messages and information
  • UE positioning capability information transfer to the E-SMLC
  • Positioning assistance data delivery from the E-SMLC to the UE
  • Location information transfer
  • Session management
  • Error handling and abort functions
  • LLP over C-Plane
  • MO-LR
  • Mobile Originated Location Request
  • MT-LR
  • Mobile Terminated Location Request
  • NI-LR
  • Network Induced Location Request
  • SUPL (Secure User Plane)
  • Secure User Plane Location (SUPL)
  • Secure: Encrypted IP connection
  • SSL (TLS1.0 or 1.1) with pre-shared certificates
  • User Plane:
  • IP communication via SUPL Enabled Terminal (SET)
  • SUPL Location Platform (SLP)
  • MT-SMS
  • WAP-Push
  • UDP Push
  • SIP Push Location: position calculation, A-GNSS

LTE Positioning Protocols

  • C-Plane
  • Positioning reference signals (PRS).
  • LCS-AP Message Transport
  • LCS-AP Timers
  • Timers of LCS-AP
  • Protocol Layering
  • SCTP Associations
  • LCS-AP Procedures
  • LCS-AP Procedures
  • Location Service Request
  • Successful Operation
  • Unsuccessful Operation
  • Abnormal Conditions
  • Location Information Exchange
  • Connection Oriented Information Transfer
  • Connectionless Information Transfer
  • Exception Procedures
  • Location Abort
  • Error Handling
  • Functions
  • Control Place GMLC and E-SMLC
  • Location Methods
  • Cell
  • AoA + TD
  • OTDOA
  • A-GPS/A-GNSS
  • GMLC Interfaces
  • LTE: SLg, SLh, Sh, Ro and Rf
  • Diameter Support for LTE (SLg + SLh)

Signaling and Interfaces

  • LCS signaling between Access and Core Networks for GERAN and UTRAN access networks
  • Core network Location Request
  • Location Report
  • LCS signaling between Access and Core Networks for E-UTRAN access networks
  • Core network Measurement Request
  • Location Measurement Report
  • Um, Uu and Uu-LTE Interfaces
  • MAP Interfaces
  • Lpp interface
  • LCS Authorisation Request
  • LCS Authorisation Response
  • LCS Privacy Profile Update notification
  • LCS Privacy Profile Update notification ack
  • Lid interface
  • LCS Identity Request
  • LCS Identity Response
  • IMS related Interfaces
  • Dh Interface
  • Sh Interface
  • Ml Interface
  • SLg Interface
  • SLs Interface
  • SLh Interface
  • SLm Interface
  • Lgd Interface

LTE Location Protocol (LPP)

  • Functionality of Protocol
  • LPP Configuration
  • LPP Sessions and Transactions
  • LPP Position Methods
  • LPP Messages
  • Common LPP Session Procedure
  • LPP Transport
  • Transport Layer Requirements
  • LPP Duplicate Detection
  • LPP Acknowledgement
  • LPP Retransmission
  • LPP Procedures
  • Procedures related to capability transfer
  • Procedures related to Assistance Data Transfer
  • Procedures related to Location Information Transfer
  • Error Handling Procedures
  • LPP Error Detection
  • Abort Procedure

LTE Positioning Information Elements

  • Message Types
  • Location Type
  • E-CGI
  • LCS Client Type
  • LCS Priority
  • LCS QoS
  • UE Positioning Capability
  • Include Velocity
  • IMSI and IMEI
  • Geographic Area
  • Positioning Data
  • Velocity Estimate
  • Accuracy Fulfillment Indicator
  • LCS Cause
  • Payload Type
  • APDU
  • Network Element
  • Return Error Request
  • Return Error Cause
  • Altitude and direction
  • Geographical Coordinates
  • Uncertainty Ellipse
  • Horizontal Speed and Bearing
  • Vertical Velocity
  • PLMN Identity
  • Correlation ID
  • eNB ID
  • LCS Service Type ID
  • Cell Portion ID

Types of Location Request

  • Immediate Location Request
  • Deferred Location Request
  • Types of event
  • Concurrent Location Requests

 

 

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