Price: $4,999.00
Length: 4 Days
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Pipeline Leak Detection Training Course Description

Pipeline Leak Detection Course is a 4-day training boot camp covers all aspects of pipeline leak detection system, safety theft and illegal tapping. Pipeline leak detection systems can help minimize the liability of pipeline operating companies. The early identification and accurate location of a pipeline incident are essential for protecting a company’s reputation.

Leak detection is a good tool for quickly raising alarms for theft, identifying product loss due to wear and corrosion to the pipe, and/or preventing environmental events caused by spills. Whether driven by safety and production concerns or regulatory requirements, the method chosen for leak detection has a significant impact on its effectiveness.

Although moving crude oil, gas, liquid and hazardous materials in pipelines is the safest means of transport, a number of incidents have been associated with this method. Statistics from the Office of Pipeline Safety within the U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration show that over the twenty year period from 1991 to 2018 there were 8,636 significant incidents involving 378 fatalities, US$ 440,652,471 property damage and 7,566,699 gross barrels spilled in the USA alone.
Pipeline incidents incur liabilities to pipeline operators, pipeline shareholders and owner of the volume lost. Such liabilities can range from cleaning up cost and damage compensation to criminal offenses.

Major liabilities are usually associated with major leak events without a reliable pipeline leak detection system. Therefore investing in a proven and reliable leak detection system can help pipeline companies minimize the consequences of a pipeline incident.

To maintain the above performance standard, it is necessary for the pipeline operating companies and leak detection system to insure that:

  • The field instruments are working correctly.
  • The SCADA and telecommunication system are available.
  • The leak detection system is optimized to current operating and instrument conditions.
  • Alarms and anomalies are addressed timely.
  • Operators have confidence in the leak detection system at all times.

Learning Objectives

After completing this course, students will be able to:

  • Explain the basic architecture and components of a Pipeline and Pipeline Leak Detection System
  • (LDS)
  • Describe the component technologies behind an LDS system
  • Describe the component technologies behind a SCADA system
  • Apply potential benefits of LDS and SCADA applied to Pipeline owners and operators
  • Understand the base standards that apply to LDS
  • Understand the terms used in describing the technology
  • Discuss the technical aspects of LDS, SCADA and communications methods
  • Review LDS and SCADA System Design Considerations
  • Review integration of LDS with SCADA
  • Explain LDS and SCADA performance and Optimization considerations
  • Explore project planning process of LDS
  • Discuss successful and unsuccessful LDS deployments
  • Step through a practical process for managing LDS System
  • Mitigation techniques and tools to minimize theft and illegal taping
  • Mitigation techniques and tools to minimize spillages caused intentionally or maliciously
  • Explore the current and future LDS market trends

Topics Discussed

  • Pipeline Leak Detection techniques
  • Leak detection system optimizations to current operating and instrument conditions
  • Pipeline leak detection techniques by a SCADA system that controls and monitors the pipeline
  • Integrating leak detection into existing SCADA systems to provide alarm management of a leak
  • event as well as record keeping and trending before and after the event
  • Techniques to locating the leak with a precise location for quicker response and repairs
  • Techniques to mitigate against illegal tappings
  • Theft detection and tapping point location detection

Basic Fundamental and Concepts of Leak Detection

  • General Types of Energy Pipelines
  • Crude oil
  • Multi-products with varying batch sizes
  • Natural gas including wet gas
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
  • Hydrogen (H2), Ethylene, Chlorine, Propylene, LPG, and Water
  • Pipeline Components
  • Structural Design of Pipeline
  • Planning and Construction of Pipeline
  • Instrumentation and Pigging
  • Maintenance, Reliability and Failure Analysis
  • Pipe defects
  • Corrosion on Pipeline

Pipeline Rehabilitation and Repair Techniques

  • Flaws in Pipeline Leak Detection Systems
  • Leak Detection Systems (LDS)
  • Leak Detection and SCADA Systems
  • Integration of a LDS with SCADA
  • Multiphase pipeline leak detection
  • Pipeline Risk Assessment
  • Pipeline Maintenance and Repair
  • Classification of Leak Detection Technologies
  • Evaluation of Leak Detection Systems
  • Standards for Leak Detection Systems

Overview of Leak Detection Systems (LDS)

  • LDS technologies / methods
  • LDS technologies / methods
  • LDS components
  • Hydraulics theories pertaining to LDS
  • Communication infrastructure
  • Operations & maintenance
  • Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
  • Pipeline Leak Detection Best Practices
  • Statistical Pipeline Leak Detection
  • Rarefaction Wave Leak Detection
  • Multiphase Pipeline Leak Detection
  • Internally based LDS
  • Pressure/Flow monitoring
  • Acoustic Pressure Waves
  • Balancing methods
  • Statistical methods
  • RTTM methods
  • E-RTTM methods
  • Bubble Emission Method

Types of LDS

  • Externally based LDS
  • EO/IO cameras
  • Infrared radiometric pipeline testing
  • Acoustic emission detectors
  • Vapour-sensing tubes
  • Fibre-optic leak detection
  • Visual Inspection Procedures
  • Visual Leak Detection Capability
  • Manual Over/Short Calculation
  • Pressure Monitoring
  • Discrete Sensor based Technologies
  • Liquid Sensing
  • Vapor Sensing
  • Acoustic Emissions
  • Drones
  • Dogs
  • Factors that can affect External Methods

LDS Technique Selection

  • Pipeline Service Types
  • Types by Transport Function
  • Pipe Leakage Evaluation
  • Components and Definitions
  • LDS Technique Selection
  • LDS Selection Methodology
  • Methods Used
  • Burst & leak history
  • Pipeline Audits
  • DMA/Flow
  • Measurement (flow into less flow out of network)
  • Hydrostatic testing (pressure testing)
  • Pipeline Asset Management
  • Infrastructure Leakage Index (ILI)
  • Pressure Control
  • District Meter Areas (DMA’s)
  • Leak Noise Surveys

Leak Correlation Surveys

  • Noise Logger Survey’s
  • Acoustic emission
  • Acoustic with Correlation
  • Ultrasonic
  • Ultrasonic flow measurement
  • Transit time and Doppler
  • Clamp-on ultrasonic flowmeters
  • Transducers
  • Measuring fluid flow velocity
  • Nonintrusive clamp-on transducers
  • Distance Measurement
  • Advanced Correlation
  • Infrared Thermography
  • Chemical
  • Mechanical
  • Ground Penetrating Radar
  • Volume or mass balance
  • Rate of change in flow or pressure
  • Hydraulic modelling
  • Pressure point analysis
  • Limitations of Leak Detection Methods
  • Method
  • Application
  • Limitations

Leak Classification and Action Criteria

  • Multiphase flow
  • Hydrates
  • Monitoring Techniques
  • Computational Methods
  • Over/Short Comparison
  • Volume Balance with Line Pack Correction
  • Pattern of Discrepancy Between Modeled and Measured Pressure and/or Flow
  • Rate of Pressure/Flow Change
  • Statistical Methods
  • System Identification with Digital Signal Analysis
  • Rupture Detection
  • Comparison of Computational Methods
  • Field Instrumentation Requirements

Workshop and Group Project 1

  • Analysis of Risks
  • Key Parameters
  • Pipe types
  • Area categories
  • Leak definition
  • Fault tree analysis – probabilities of preconditions
  • Outcome analysis – probabilities of consequences
  • Vibroacoustic Leak Detection Technology to detect precursors
  • Finite element simulation of guided waves to detect product theft from pipelines
  • Hot tapping and product theft on pipelines
  • Illegal hot taping
  • How to detect and locate product theft
  • Illegal tap repair applications
  • Pipeline Monitoring
  • Tools Against Leaks And Fuel Theft
  • Product Theft Detection and Localization on Pipelines using Theft Pattern Recognition
  • Requirements for Real-Time Oil and Gas Pipeline Surveillance with Wireless Sensors for Theft and Sabotage Mitigation
  • Theft detection and tapping point location using multi-method technology
  • Loss of revenue calculation
  • Loss of lives due to safety breaches such as explosions
  • Damage to the environment if product is spilled and left undetected
  • Reputational damages

Workshop and Group Project 2

  • SCADA and LDS Assessment
  • Technology Assessment
  • Capacity Assessment
  • Modelling Methods for Optional Leak Detection system
  • Use of Laser and Infra-red cameras
  • Drone Patrols with EO/IR sensors to monitor underground activities
  • Ultrasonic Flow meters
  • Pressure sensors
  • Fiber optic cables and Fibre-optic leak detection
  • Soil monitoring
  • Acoustic sensors
  • Digital oil leak detection cable
  • Conductive Fluid Sensing Cable
  • Leak Detection Sensing Cable & Spot Detectors
  • Analytic thermal leak detector for above ground pipelines
  • Infrared radiometric pipeline testing
  • Vapour-sensing tubes
  • Pipeline Flyovers
  • Biological leak detection 

Pre-Requisites

Pipeline Leak Detection Training | Pipeline Leak Monitoring Training

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