Price: $3,999.00

Length: 4 Days
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Satellite Communications Design and Engineering Training

In a survey that asked what were the most amazing engineering feats, one of the top responses was launching and maintaining a satellite in orbit around the Earth.

Not only was the act itself revolutionary, but engineers are challenged by having to design  electronics for a space habitat.

Space is the ultimate harsh environment. Besides all the shaking that occurs on launch, a satellite and its parts face extreme temperatures. Also, the fact that space is a vacuum creates special challenges such as blowing the heat away from a server rack that uses a lot of power. On Earth you would use a very big fan, but in space, engineers need to find other ways to dissipate heat such as through conduction or radiation.

Space also impacts the parts that engineers choose for design purposes. Parts especially need to be selected that can perform reliably in an environment with radiation.

Thousands of electronic parts and devices go into the construction of a satellite. While they all have important functions, non are more relevant than satellite transponders.

A transponder performs the functions of both transmitter and receiver in a satellite. Basically, there are two types of transponders:

  • Bent pipe
  • Regenerative

The bent pipe transponder receives microwave frequency signals. It converts the frequency of input signal to RF frequency and then amplifies it.

A bent pipe transponder is also called a repeater and conventional transponder. It is suitable for both analog and digital signals.

Design engineers also must create programming so lower orbit satellites that are no longer useful will reenter Earth’s atmosphere and burn up without their debris striking land. Generally, these satellites are maneuvered to what’s known as the graveyard orbit in a way that any survivable debris falls into the South Pacific Ocean in an area considered the farthest from any human civilization.

Satellite Communications Design and Engineering Training Course by Tonex

The Satellite Communications Design and Engineering Training provides principles and technologies used in  the design and performance of satellite communications systems including:  fixed point to point, broadcasting, mobile, data relay, radio navigation, communications, military applications, intelligence/ISR, imaging, and other related satellite based applications.

The Satellite Communications Design and Engineering Training course covers basic to advanced engineering level topics which are suitable for electrical, communications and wireless network technicians, engineers, analysts and managers including electrical engineers and technicians, communications engineers and technicians, systems engineers, and wireless network engineers and technicians and anyone else who is looking for a satellite communications design and engineering refresher course. All will find this essential course invaluable.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the attendees will be able to:

  • Explain the basics principles behind satellite technology and applications
  • Discuss the key principles behind satellite communications technology
  • Describe key features of satellite communications principles, analysis, design and engineering of communications subsystems and components
  • Illustrate the functional architecture of satellite communications
  • Summarize the basics of satellite communications design and engineering principles
  • Discuss systems engineering principles and methods applied to satellite communications
  • Compare different design tools, techniques, models and principles applied to satellite communications analysis, high and low level design, verification and validations and operations
  • Explain the key satellite communication principles such as frequency spectrum, Methods of Modulation, carrier, sidebands, analog and digital modulation, AM, FM, PM, BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK FSK, QAM, coherent detection and carrier recovery, NRZ and RZ pulse shapes, power spectral density, ISI, Nyquist pulse shaping, raised cosine filtering, Bit Error Rate (BER) and Performance objectives, Eb/No, constellation diagrams, Coding, Shannon’s theorem, code rate, coding gain, methods of FEC coding, Hamming, BCH, and Reed-Solomon block codes, link budget design, antenna principles, antenna gain-to-noise-temperature (G/T) or satellite communications receiving system Figure of Merit

Course Topics

Introduction to Satellite Communications

  • Satellite Technology Principles and Applications
  • Early History of Satellite Communications
  • Satellite Communications Design and Engineering 101
  • Satellite Physical Architecture, Subsystems and Components
  • Satellite Communications Subsystems
  • Principles of Satellite Orbits: GEO, MEO, LEO and HEO
  • Kepler’s Laws and Orbital Parameters
  • Communications Design and Engineering applied to Geostationary Orbit (GEO), Low Earth Orbit (HEO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO), Polar Orbit
  • Basic Calculations on Satellite Range, Elevation Angle to Satellite, Azimuth Angle to Satellite
  • Basic Communications Satellite System Segments, Subsystems and Components
  • Satellite Communications Segments Design and Engineering
  • Satellite Transponder, Antennas and other Communications Payload
  • Satellite Ground Systems
  • Satellite Link performance and Parameters
  • Satellite Frequency Band Designations (ITU-T)

Satellite System Overview

  • Space Segment
  • Control Segment
  • User Segment
  • Communications Services
  • Theory of Operation
  • Satellite Signals
  • Satellite Signal Modulation
  • Receiver Operation
  • Satellite Selection
  • Satellite Signal Acquisition
  • Down Conversion
  • Degraded Operation and Aiding
  • Program Management
  • Communications System Development and Management
  • Communication System Requirements, Planning, and Operations
  • Service Coverage, Service Availability, And Service Reliability
  • Service Coverage Characteristics
  • Service Coverage Standards
  • Expected Service Coverage Characteristics
  • Service Availability Characteristics
  • Service Availability Standards
  • Satellite Outage Effects on Service Availability
  • Expected Service Availability Characteristics
  • Service Reliability Characteristics
  • Service Reliability Standards
  • Service Failure Characteristics

Satellite RF Link Design and Engineering

  • Satellite Transmission Fundamentals
  • Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP), Power Flux Density (PFD). Antenna Gain and Free-Space Path Loss
  • Basic Link Equation
  • Received Power and System Noise
  • Satellite Noise Figure (NF) and Noise Temperature
  • System Noise Temperature
  • Satellite Figure of Merit G/T
  • Modulation Principles
  • Analog and Digital Modulation
  • AM, FM, PM, BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK FSK, GMSK, QAM, and other higher order modulation
  • Link Budget Design
  • Antenna Principles
  • Antenna Gain-to-Noise-Temperature (G/T)
  • Satellite communications receiving system Figure of Merit
  • Spectrum of a QPSK signal interfered by ambient white noise
  • Communication Challenges
  • Bandwidth and Signal Quality
  • Energy per Bit (Eb)
  • Noise Spectral Density (No)
  • Energy per Bit to Noise Spectrum Density (Eb/No)
  • Correlation: C/N, C/No and Eb/N0
  • Carrier to Interference Ratio (C/I, CIR)
  • Satellite Link Performance Parameters
  • Satellite Carrier-to-Noise (C/N) Ratio and carrier-to-noise-density ratio(C/N0)
  • Ratio of the relative power level to the noise level in the bandwidth of a system
  • Energy-per-Bit (Eb/NO) to Noise Density
  • Summary of Signal Measurement Environment and Ratios: S/N, C/N, C/No, C/I, Eb/No
  • Shannon Limit, Error Correction, BER & Coding Schemes
  • Analyzing Bit Error Rate (BER) and Performance Objectives
  • Methods of FEC coding, Hamming, BCH, and Reed-Solomon block codes

Satellite Link System Performance  

  • Satellite Link Considerations
  • Antenna: Size and Gain
  • Fixed Antenna Gain Link
  • Principles of Satellite Antennas
  • Antenna Principles
  • Directivity and Gain
  • Antenna Patterns,
  • Large apertures and phased-arrays
  • Satellite Transponders
  • Satellite communications payload
  • Architecture and Design
  • TWTA and SSPA
  • Earth Stations Antenna types
  • Downlink and Uplink Design and Engineering
  • Single and Multiple Carrier Operation
  • Satellite Transmission Impairments
  • Propagation Mechanisms
  • Absorption, Scattering, Refraction, Diffraction, Multipath, Scintillation, Fading and Frequency Dispersion
  • Ionospheric Scintillation
  • Group Delay and Dispersion
  • Rain and Gaseous Attenuation
  • Cloud and Fog Attenuation
  • Depolarization
  • Tropospheric Scintillation
  • Propagation Effects Modeling and Prediction
  • Rain Fade Mitigation

Satellite Engineering and Link System Performance  

  • Satellite Communications Signal Processing
  • Satellite Multiple Access
  • PCM/TDM/PSK/FDMA, TDMA, CDMA
  • Mobile Satellite Principles (GMR)
  • Spectrum Management in Satellite Communications
  • Satellite Communications Capacity Planning

Satellite Communications Design and Engineering Case Studies

  • Commercial Satellite Systems
  • Navigation Satellites
  • VSATs Applications Case Study
  • VSAT Earth Station
  • Indoor Unit (IDU) and Outdoor Unit (ODU)
  • Radio Frequency Transceiver (RFT)
  • Inter Facility Link (IFL)
  • Processing and Control Equipment (PCE)
  • Up-Converter (UC)
  • Block up converter (BUC)
  • High Power Amplifier (HPA)
  • Low Noise Amplifier (LNA)
  • Down Conversion (DC)
  • Solid State Power Amplifier (SSPA)
  • Orthomode Transducer (OMT)
  • C, Ku and Ka band Operations
  • Military Bands Operations
  • Hub Traffic Terminal
  • Network Management System (NMS)
  • Network Control Computer (NCC)
  • Military Reconnaissance Satellites (ISR)
  • Military Satellite Systems
  • MILSATCOM
  • Military Satellite Communications Systems Wing (MCSW)
  • Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF)
  • Enhanced Polar SATCOM (EPS)
  • Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS)
  • Transformational Satellite Communications System (TSAT)
  • Milstar

 

Satellite Communications Design and Engineering Training

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