Price: $2,199.00

Course Number: 5022
Length: 3 Days
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VSAT Training

VSAT (very small aperture terminals) technology is being tapped into for distributed businesses in all sectors, both private and public.

Businesses turning to VSAT include:

  • Broadband in rural communities
  • Education
  • Retail and retail petroleum
  • Banking and finance
  • Emergency response and disaster

A VSAT is a two-way satellite ground station that enables faster internet connectivity for both businesses and consumers. A VSAT system comprises a dish antenna, a transceiver and a satellite router (modem).

VSAT has become a popular choice for businesses that need unlimited geographic reach and efficient data transmission.

The typical setup for VSAT networks is known as a “star topology.” Multiple VSAT terminals are spread out through a specific area and controlled by a central hub station. Some businesses also implement a mesh topology so that just one terminal can transmit data from the satellite to all other terminals.

VSAT satellite technology is available in different shapes, sizes, and frequencies. Typical operating frequencies include C-band and Ku-band.

One of the most cutting edge uses of VSAT has recently come to light with the invention of the consumer satellite internet, which enables millions of families around the world to access the internet.

Many organizations have turned to VSAT because it represents a cost-effective solution for companies that require to have an independent communication network and at the same time connect many geographically dispersed sites, each time there are more and more sectors and applications where this antenna is implemented, depending on its objective: to only receive or receive and send data.

VSAT also works as a private virtual network for private as well as government organizations concerned about security of data.

For these organizations that want to establish a secure communication technique for different geographical locations, VSAT is a good choice because it establishes a private and secure connection between end points.

VSAT Training Bootcamp by Tonex

VSAT Training covers very small aperture terminal (VSAT) systems. VSAT is growing throughout the world as a way of establishing private satellite communications networks for large organizations that have several widely dispersed locations, or providing higher bandwidth for the individual.

Depending on bandwidth requirement (data speed and/or communications channels), VSAT systems can be relatively small and easily installed.

Very Small Aperture Terminals access satellites in geosynchronous orbit to relay data from small remote earth stations (terminals) to other terminals (in mesh configurations) or master earth station hubs (in star configurations).

VSAT TrainingVSAT Training is an intensive, learning experiences that cover the essential elements of your chosen subject. VSAT Training is ideal for busy professionals who want to stay current in their fields but have limited time to be away from the office.

This intensive technical VSAT Training provides the attendees with an in-depth background of VSAT techniques as well as a state of the art update on key emerging technologies and future systems.

VSAT technical boot camp details the technology of satellite communications, focusing on VSAT networks and how they compete with terrestrial alternatives. The fundamentals of constituent parts of a VSAT configuration, planning, network architecture, orbits, link budget, coverage, ground equipment hardware, installation, operation, and maintenance are covered.

Tonex provides a solid, fundamentals-based training program for VSAT, broadband, and maritime satellite terminal technicians, engineers, users, and operators. The VSAT program is endorsed and recommended by the major satellite operators and government agencies.

Tonex offers several customized training paths based on the customer needs and requirements:

  •  For fixed VSAT professionals: VSAT Basic, Advanced, and Specialist VSAT and Satcom Training Programs.
  • For marine VSAT professionals: Marine VSAT and Satcom Professional Training.
  •  For marine VSAT operators (crew): Marine VSAT and Satcom Operator Training.


VSAT Training

Who Should Attend

Technicians, operation staff, managers and engineers who need a technical introduction to SATCOM and VSAT.


Upon completing of this course, attendees will be able to:

  • Explain the basics of Satellite Communications (SATCOM)
  • Define Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSAT)
  • Understand VSAT services and features
  • Understand VSAT architecture, system design , multiple access, modulation and coding schemes
  • Step through VSAT propagation aspects and antennas
  • Investigate the state of the art in new areas such as speech and video coding, and VSAT networking
  • Understand VSAT subsystem & launching
  • Understand VSAT link design and analysis
  • Explain TCP/IP, VoIP and Video applied to VSAT
  • Understand VSAT-base IP communications technologies
  • define VSAT voice, video and data applications
  • Step through VSAT installation, operation, maintenance and Troubleshooting


Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Overview

  • Communications Satellites
  • Common Types of Satellites
    • Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
    • Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO)
    • Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)
    • Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO
  • Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) Networks
  • What is a VSAT System?
  • How does a VSAT Work?

VSAT Networks

  • Deployment Options
  • International and National
  • VSAT Network Architecture
  • Star and Mesh Topologies
  • Traffic multiplexing
  • Multiple access and Assignments Strategies
  • Modulation and Modems
  • Channel Characteristics
  • Security and Encryption
  • VSAT Service Provisions and Quality
  • VSAT-based IP Communications Technology
    • VSAT Voice, Video and Data applications
    • Voice and Video over IP
    • VPN and Data Services
  • VSAT Equipment
    • Basic VSAT Components
    • Transmitters
    • Antennas
    • Power Generation
    • Air Interfacing and Networking
    • Downconversion and Upconversion
    • VSAT Components: LNB, BUC, Cables, IDU/modem, Feed systems
    • VSAT Block Diagrams

VSAT Access Methods and Modulation

  • Fixed Point-to-Point Links
  • Bandwidth Sharing
  • Modulation and Coding
    • Analog and Digital Modulation
    • BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
    • Overview of Shannon's Theory
    • Symbol Rate and Bit Rate
    • Intersymbol Interference (ISI)
    • Forward Error Correction (FEC)

RF and Microwave applied to VSAT

  • Electromagnetic Waves and Frequencies
  • Amplitude, Frequency and Phase
  • The Spectrum
  • Bands: C, Ku, and Ka Band
  • Signals and Noise
  • Amplitude and frequency review;
  • Overview of Watts, decibels, and gain
  • Signal Power and Bandwidth
  • Noise power and Bandwidth
  • Overview of C/N and C/No, and Eb/No
  • EIRP, G/T, SFD, Input/Output Backoff
  • Link Budget
  • Fade Levels
  • Link Margins
  • Availability
  • Fade Countermeasures

Propagation Effects

  • Blockage
  • Free Space Loss
  • Water Loss
  • Rain Zones
  • Elevation Effects
  • Solar Transit Outages
  • Transmitter Distortion Concepts
  • Amplifier saturation
  • Gain Compression
  • Gain Expansion
  • Distortion Spectrum
  • Uplink Control Process

Earth Stations and VSAT Terminals

  • Components in VSAT terminals
  • BUCs, LNBs
  • Antenna and Feed Systems
  • Modems
  • Large Earth Station Equipment
  • Typical Block Diagrams

VSAT Antennas

  • Types and Operating principles
  • Gain
  • Antenna Patterns
  • Beamwidth and Diameter
  • VSWR and Return Loss
  • Sidelobes and Effects

VSAT Dish Pointing Concepts

  • Latitude
  • Longitude
  • Azimuth
  • Elevation
  • GEO Arc
  • AZ-EL Beam Movement Across the Arc

VSAT Footprints

  • Downlink signal strength
  • Downlink EIRP
  • Uplink and Downlink Footprints
  • Contours


  • Launching Linearly Polarized Waves
  • Matching TX and RX Antenna Orientations
  • Cross-Polarized Signals and XPD
  • Pol Frequency Re-use and Cross-Pol Transponders
  • Cross-Pol Interference
  • Linear and Circular Polarization

Fundamentals of VSAT Installation and operation

  • Review of the VSAT Installation Process
  • The key installation steps
    • Site Survey, Mounting the Outdoor Equipment, IFL and Grounding, Dish Pointing and Cross-Pol, Indoor Equipment, Testing the Link
  • Importance of High Quality Installations
  • Need for high-quality, interference-free installations
  • Site Survey
  • Line of Sight (LOS)
  • Azimuth and Elevation
  • Site Survey Checklist
  • Equipment Installation
  • Accurate Antenna Pointing
  • Antenna AZ-EL Pointing
  • Carrier Lineup and Cross-Pol Checks
  • Grounding
  • Lightning Strikes
  • Maximizing Link Quality and Preventing Interference
  • Indoor Electronics Installation
  • IP Network Configuration Concepts
  • Ethernet, Internet Protocol (IP)
  • Overview of IP Addressing, IPCONFIG, DNS, and DHCP
  • Configuration Gateways, Subnets, and Netmasks
  • Proxies
  • Troubleshooting and maintenance
  • Common Field Mistakes
  • Troubleshooting VSAT Link
  • Troubleshooting Network, and Interference Problems
  • Issues the DC Voltage Dop on Cables; Installing the IDU
  • Finding the Terminal IP address
  • Uplink alignment
  • Preventive Maintenance

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