Price: $2,199.00

Course Number: 5022
Length: 3 Days
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VSAT Training

VSAT (very small aperture terminal) is a satellite communications system that serves home and business users.

A VSAT system consists of a two-way satellite ground station with a small dish antenna primarily used to transmit narrowband data such as point-of-sale (POS) transactions using credit cards, or to transmit broadband data for VoIP, video or to provide satellite internet to remote locations.

The advantages of VSAT are considerable such as VISAT is more flexible and less expensive than many land-based communication networks. It also has overcome many problems of telecommunication due to its dependency on wireless communication transmission medium.

Subsequently, VSAT is a viable technology when terrestrial lines are costly and difficult to install. It has, therefore, become very attractive to existing terrestrial networks in terms of availability, performance, variety of services, cost per byte transmitted and cost per incremental capacity growth.

This means companies do not need to invest in high capacity transmission lines, which are very difficult to create to cover the entire country. VSAT can provide cost effective, reliable telecommunication over large geographical areas, replacing or supplementing traditional terrestrial lines. Telephone and services such as email and data transfer via VSAT do not require the use of radio frequencies.

The military also makes use of VSAT systems, requiring a star configuration with communications between a command facility and many remote locations, as contrasted with a mesh configuration, where any station needs to communicate with any other station.

Over 70 commercial communications satellites are now in operation worldwide, providing an ample choice for the provision of space segment for VSAT use. The use of spread spectrum techniques permits interference resistant operation, which is especially significant in a hostile environment.

Advances in technology have dramatically improved the price–performance ratio of fixed satellite service (FSS) over the past five years. New VSAT systems are coming online using Ka band technology that promise higher data rates for lower costs.

VSAT Training Bootcamp by Tonex

VSAT Training covers very small aperture terminal (VSAT) systems. VSAT is growing throughout the world as a way of establishing private satellite communications networks for large organizations that have several widely dispersed locations, or providing higher bandwidth for the individual.

Depending on bandwidth requirement (data speed and/or communications channels), VSAT systems can be relatively small and easily installed.

Very Small Aperture Terminals access satellites in geosynchronous orbit to relay data from small remote earth stations (terminals) to other terminals (in mesh configurations) or master earth station hubs (in star configurations).

VSAT Training

VSAT Training is an intensive, learning experiences that cover the essential elements of your chosen subject. VSAT Training is ideal for busy professionals who want to stay current in their fields but have limited time to be away from the office.

This intensive technical VSAT Training provides the attendees with an in-depth background of VSAT techniques as well as a state of the art update on key emerging technologies and future systems.

VSAT technical boot camp details the technology of satellite communications, focusing on VSAT networks and how they compete with terrestrial alternatives. The fundamentals of constituent parts of a VSAT configuration, planning, network architecture, orbits, link budget, coverage, ground equipment hardware, installation, operation, and maintenance are covered.

Tonex provides a solid, fundamentals-based training program for VSAT, broadband, and maritime satellite terminal technicians, engineers, users, and operators. The VSAT program is endorsed and recommended by the major satellite operators and government agencies.

Tonex offers several customized training paths based on the customer needs and requirements:

  •  For fixed VSAT professionals: VSAT Basic, Advanced, and Specialist VSAT and Satcom Training Programs.
  • For marine VSAT professionals: Marine VSAT and Satcom Professional Training.
  •  For marine VSAT operators (crew): Marine VSAT and Satcom Operator Training.


VSAT Training

Who Should Attend

Technicians, operation staff, managers and engineers who need a technical introduction to SATCOM and VSAT.


Upon completing of this course, attendees will be able to:

  • Explain the basics of Satellite Communications (SATCOM)
  • Define Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSAT)
  • Understand VSAT services and features
  • Understand VSAT architecture, system design , multiple access, modulation and coding schemes
  • Step through VSAT propagation aspects and antennas
  • Investigate the state of the art in new areas such as speech and video coding, and VSAT networking
  • Understand VSAT subsystem & launching
  • Understand VSAT link design and analysis
  • Explain TCP/IP, VoIP and Video applied to VSAT
  • Understand VSAT-base IP communications technologies
  • define VSAT voice, video and data applications
  • Step through VSAT installation, operation, maintenance and Troubleshooting


Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Overview

  • Communications Satellites
  • Common Types of Satellites
    • Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
    • Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO)
    • Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)
    • Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO
  • Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) Networks
  • What is a VSAT System?
  • How does a VSAT Work?

VSAT Networks

  • Deployment Options
  • International and National
  • VSAT Network Architecture
  • Star and Mesh Topologies
  • Traffic multiplexing
  • Multiple access and Assignments Strategies
  • Modulation and Modems
  • Channel Characteristics
  • Security and Encryption
  • VSAT Service Provisions and Quality
  • VSAT-based IP Communications Technology
    • VSAT Voice, Video and Data applications
    • Voice and Video over IP
    • VPN and Data Services
  • VSAT Equipment
    • Basic VSAT Components
    • Transmitters
    • Antennas
    • Power Generation
    • Air Interfacing and Networking
    • Downconversion and Upconversion
    • VSAT Components: LNB, BUC, Cables, IDU/modem, Feed systems
    • VSAT Block Diagrams

VSAT Access Methods and Modulation

  • Fixed Point-to-Point Links
  • Bandwidth Sharing
  • Modulation and Coding
    • Analog and Digital Modulation
    • BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
    • Overview of Shannon's Theory
    • Symbol Rate and Bit Rate
    • Intersymbol Interference (ISI)
    • Forward Error Correction (FEC)

RF and Microwave applied to VSAT

  • Electromagnetic Waves and Frequencies
  • Amplitude, Frequency and Phase
  • The Spectrum
  • Bands: C, Ku, and Ka Band
  • Signals and Noise
  • Amplitude and frequency review;
  • Overview of Watts, decibels, and gain
  • Signal Power and Bandwidth
  • Noise power and Bandwidth
  • Overview of C/N and C/No, and Eb/No
  • EIRP, G/T, SFD, Input/Output Backoff
  • Link Budget
  • Fade Levels
  • Link Margins
  • Availability
  • Fade Countermeasures

Propagation Effects

  • Blockage
  • Free Space Loss
  • Water Loss
  • Rain Zones
  • Elevation Effects
  • Solar Transit Outages
  • Transmitter Distortion Concepts
  • Amplifier saturation
  • Gain Compression
  • Gain Expansion
  • Distortion Spectrum
  • Uplink Control Process

Earth Stations and VSAT Terminals

  • Components in VSAT terminals
  • BUCs, LNBs
  • Antenna and Feed Systems
  • Modems
  • Large Earth Station Equipment
  • Typical Block Diagrams

VSAT Antennas

  • Types and Operating principles
  • Gain
  • Antenna Patterns
  • Beamwidth and Diameter
  • VSWR and Return Loss
  • Sidelobes and Effects

VSAT Dish Pointing Concepts

  • Latitude
  • Longitude
  • Azimuth
  • Elevation
  • GEO Arc
  • AZ-EL Beam Movement Across the Arc

VSAT Footprints

  • Downlink signal strength
  • Downlink EIRP
  • Uplink and Downlink Footprints
  • Contours


  • Launching Linearly Polarized Waves
  • Matching TX and RX Antenna Orientations
  • Cross-Polarized Signals and XPD
  • Pol Frequency Re-use and Cross-Pol Transponders
  • Cross-Pol Interference
  • Linear and Circular Polarization

Fundamentals of VSAT Installation and operation

  • Review of the VSAT Installation Process
  • The key installation steps
    • Site Survey, Mounting the Outdoor Equipment, IFL and Grounding, Dish Pointing and Cross-Pol, Indoor Equipment, Testing the Link
  • Importance of High Quality Installations
  • Need for high-quality, interference-free installations
  • Site Survey
  • Line of Sight (LOS)
  • Azimuth and Elevation
  • Site Survey Checklist
  • Equipment Installation
  • Accurate Antenna Pointing
  • Antenna AZ-EL Pointing
  • Carrier Lineup and Cross-Pol Checks
  • Grounding
  • Lightning Strikes
  • Maximizing Link Quality and Preventing Interference
  • Indoor Electronics Installation
  • IP Network Configuration Concepts
  • Ethernet, Internet Protocol (IP)
  • Overview of IP Addressing, IPCONFIG, DNS, and DHCP
  • Configuration Gateways, Subnets, and Netmasks
  • Proxies
  • Troubleshooting and maintenance
  • Common Field Mistakes
  • Troubleshooting VSAT Link
  • Troubleshooting Network, and Interference Problems
  • Issues the DC Voltage Dop on Cables; Installing the IDU
  • Finding the Terminal IP address
  • Uplink alignment
  • Preventive Maintenance

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