Research on organic electronics has thrived and expanded in recent years due to their promise to deliver applications with novel functionalities that complement existing silicon technology.
Organic electronic materials are constructed on a carbon-based backbone much like polymers. They are created by means of a chemical synthesis called polymerization.
But contrary to what is commonly believed, organic electronics are not limited to conducting polymers. This class of materials includes other organic substances that could be used in electronics. These include dyes much like the materials used in NLO.
Analysts believe organic electronics promise considerable advantages with low material and production costs the most important among these.
The synthesis processes are flexible enough to enable rapid growth of organic electronics. Biocompatibility makes organic electronics a desirable choice for in-vivo applications, so medical applications also embrace this technology.
Organic semiconductors are incorporated into curved displays, like television and smartphone screens in the form of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).
OLED is an LED (light-emitting diode) that contains at least one layer of film composed of an organic semiconductor material. This material acts as an emissive electroluminescent layer. This organic semiconductor layer is situated between two electrodes and lights up in response to an electric current.
New applications include smart windows and electronic paper. Conductive polymers are expected to play an important role in the emerging science of molecular computers.
However, there are also challenges to the implementation of organic electronic materials such as their inferior thermal stability and diverse fabrication issues.
Still, experts in this field believe that combining high electrical conductivity with mechanically flexible organic compounds has opened the door to countless innovative applications that have had a major impact on several fields, from neuromorphic and energy-harvesting technologies to biomedical applications.
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